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Dd205 Spring2010 Class07
 

Dd205 Spring2010 Class07

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A lecture describing the characteristics of relief.

A lecture describing the characteristics of relief.

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  • Bridges the 2 & 3 dimensional
  • Not far from The Thinker stands Rodin's monumental masterpiece, The Gates of Hell, installed in the garden of the Museum in 1937. By a decree of 16 August 1880, Rodin received a commission from the Directorate of Fine Arts for a monumental door which was to be decorated with low reliefs inspired by The Divine Comedy of Dante. This door was intended for the planned Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris to be built on the site of the Cour des Comptes, demolished in 1871 (this site is now occupied by the Musée d'Orsay). The subject was probably suggested by Rodin for it is known that he admired Dante and used to keep a copy of his book in his pocket. He started to work feverishly in a studio specially allocated to him for the purpose at the Dépôt des Marbres in Rue de l'Université. His initial idea was a composition in panels similar to the Door of Paradise in the Baptistery of Florence by Ghiberti (1425-1452). However, he soon changed his mind about dividing the door into sections, preferring the example of Michelangelo's Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel. The third maquette (exhibited in room 10) shows that already in 1880 its composition was close to the one finally adopted.

Dd205 Spring2010 Class07 Dd205 Spring2010 Class07 Presentation Transcript

  • 3D Design
  • Quiz: Write about this doorway. How does it relate to the reading?
  • What is a relief?
    A relief is a 3-dimensional form that holds a middle ground between 2-dimensional images and fully 3-dimensional objects
  • Ancient Chinese Relief in Bone
  • Relief Sculptures In Sita Caves
    Ellora Caves, India
  • Neutrality
    Reliefs are viewed frontally similarly to paintings
    Paintings are spatially neutral
    Reliefs become active in the physical space
    St George and the Dragon
    1508
    Marble, 128 x 182 cm
    Musée du Louvre, Paris
    Raphael, St. George Fighting the Dragon, 1505;
    Oil on wood, 12×10 1/4 in (30×26 cm); Musée du Louvre, Paris
  • Nativity, Annunication , the Annunciation to the Shepherds and Washing of the Infant Jesus, pulpit, Pisa Baptistery, Nicola Pisano
  • Death of the Virgin, Strasbourg Cathedral
  • What is Convex vs. Concave?
    Convex: Areas of the relief surface that push into space
    Concave: Space pushes back as concave areas.
  • The Feast of Herod, Donatello
  • Sacrifice of Isaac
    By Ghiberti
    Sacrifice of Isaac
    By Brunelleschi
  • What was the original purpose of relief?
    To adorn architecture
    Modulate the sun’s light and shadow
    Help to elaborate the beliefs embodied by the building
  • Notre Dame de Paris
  • Bas-Relief
    Low form of relief
    Ancient Egyptian Bas-Relief
  • Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqafa, the "Mound of Shards,” Egypt
  • Rockefeller Center
    New York, NY
  • The Great Stupa at Sanchi
    India
  • What are Chiaroscuro & Modeling?
    Chiaroscuro creates distinct contrasts between light and dark
    Smooth, gradual transitions from shadowed to light areas characterize a modeled surface.
  • Lorenzo Ghiberti (Italian, 1378-1380–1455)
    Jacob and Esau relief, Gates of Paradise, 1425–52, from the east portal of the Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence
  • Gates of Paradise
    Baptistry Doors, Florence
    Ghiberti
  • Rodin’s Gates of Hell
    “La Porte de l’Enfer”
    1880-1917
  • ZonaArqueológica de Uxmal, Muna, Yucatán, México
  • The Resurrection
    Cathedral of Florence
    Luca dellaRobbia
  • Jean Goujon
    Fontaine des Innocents, 1547-49
  • Petra
    6th Century BC
    Modern-day Jordan
  • 'The Meeting of Leo I and Attila', by Alessandro Algardi, 1646-53, Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican
  • Trumpet Players
    Detail from Cantoria
    Luca dellaRobbia
    marble, originally in Florence Cathedral
    1431-38
  • AugustePréault (1809-79) : Tuerie.
  • Continuous vs. Discontinuous
    A continuous surface is flowing and gradually changing
    A discontinuous surface is constructed from flat, planar segments.
    Joseph Havel
    Curtains, 1999
    KallmannMcKinnell & Knowles, 1968
  • Discontinuous Surface
    What are the flat segments of a discontinuous surface called?
    Surface planes
    Facets
    Faces
  • Geodesic Dome House
  • Discontinuous Surface
    What is the name of the relative direction at which the faces meet?
    Face angle
  • Walter Netsch
  • Continuous vs. Discontinuous
    Continuous
    Organic
    Degree of Curvature
    Discontinuous
    Geometric
    Face Angles
  • Antoni Gaudi's La Pedrera
  • Peabody Terrace
    Josep Luis Sert (1964)
    Cambridge, MA
  • Museum of Art & Design (pre-renovation)
    New York, New York
  • St. Patrick’s Cathedral
    New York, New York
  • Greg Taylor - Partner at Studio Formwork Research: Tectonic Architecture
  • Kit Assemblage
    Develop a three-dimensional design for a structure or device made up of ten or more individual parts. These should be simple geometric elements making up a more complex design form. The Assemblage should be developed in four stages:
    Stage 1 – Design Proposal – single paragraph proposal with concept sketches of design and individual elements
    Stage 2 – Digital parts list – digital renderings of the kit parts of your design labeled and organized.
    Stage 3 – Orthographic views of kit parts and final construct
    Stage 4 – Digital information board of the kit
  • Extra Credit Assignment
    Build your 3D object
    Requirements:
    Choose a material suitable to your 3D object (foam core, cardboard, plastic, wood, etc)
    Schedule a meeting with me to discuss
    Construct your 10 pieces to form your 3D object
    Document your full process with photo/video/text
    Present with your final Kit on April 7 (after Spring Break)
  • Your Design Process
    Make sure to document the ENTIRE design process
    Identify the Problem
    Generate Ideas
    Sketches & Notes
    Refine & Analyze
    Create the Prototype
    Decide on Prototype
    Implement (Sell/Exhibit/Produce)
    All Stages of design process should be presented at Step 4
  • Homework – DUE APRIL 7
    Stage 4 – Digital information board of the kit
    Use Illustrator to lay out the items
    Uselabels for each section (based on the stages of the assignment)
    Professional Look
    Name your Object
    Be creative
    SIZE: TABLOID
    Export as PDF so that we can view in detail or zoomed out
    Include all stages of kit assemblage
  • JUST AN EXAMPLE