Intro to theories

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An introduction to major counseling theories.

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Intro to theories

  1. 1. Counseling TheoriesHope you’re ready!
  2. 2. Counseling Theories
  3. 3. What we are covering today:
  4. 4. TheoriesWhat do you know already?
  5. 5. Origin of behavior:Determinism Free Choice
  6. 6. Are people basically… Rational Irrational
  7. 7. How does change originate?Reactive Proactive
  8. 8. Balance or growth?Homeostasis Heterostasis
  9. 9. Do people change?Unchangeability Changeability(better to adapt)
  10. 10. What is most important? Your Client beliefs needs
  11. 11. Before Freud How was mental illness explained?  Possession  Witchcraft  Visions How was mental illness treated?  Blood letting  Exorcism  Magnetism  Hypnotism
  12. 12. Psychoanalysis Freud Psychosexual stages of development Unconscious  Association  Dreams  Slips of the tongue Id / Ego / Super-ego Deterministic Irrational
  13. 13. Adlerian Social connectedness Life-style Birth order Discouragement/encouragement Equality Social interest Free choice
  14. 14. Jungian Collective unconscious Archetypes Purpose of dreams Self-Actualization
  15. 15. Developmental Theorists Anna Freud – play therapy Erik Erikson – psychosocial stages Jean Piaget – theory of cognitive development Lawrence Kohlberg – theory of moral development
  16. 16. Humanistic Rogers  Person-centered  Therapeutic relationship  Warm  Accepting  Unconditional positive regard  Freedom of choice
  17. 17. Existential May  Tuberculosis Frankl  Concentration camp  “Man’s Search for Meaning”
  18. 18. Gestalt Perls  The whole  Self-actualized  Freedom of choice  Unfinished business
  19. 19. Behaviorists Watson  Little Albert  Conditioned fear response Skinner  Radical behaviorism Bandura  Bobo doll  Social learning theory
  20. 20. Cognitive Behavioral ABC REBT ACT
  21. 21. Feminist Feminist theory Karen Horney Carol Gilligan  In a Different Voice Jungian  Goddesses in Every Woman  Women Who Run with Wolves
  22. 22. Multicultural Ability of these theories to address diversity Societal factors Relational cultural therapy
  23. 23. Other perspectives Eastern psychotherapies  Confucianism  Taoism  Zen Buddhism African wisdom
  24. 24. Theory is dead! Common Factors Expectancy (15%) Extratherapeutic change (40%) Techniques (15%) Common factors (30%)
  25. 25. Integration Technical Eclecticism Theoretical Integration Assimilative Integration
  26. 26. Class DebateOne theory or integration
  27. 27. What is your theory? Theoretical Evaluation Self-Test (TEST)
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