… breathing oxygen into the emerging elements of our embryonic Earth,
dividing and replicating at exponential rates to create new climates,
facilitating and co-creating a world in transformation.…
Today, this ancient life-giver reappears as the core topic of commercial and environmental interest in salvaging our energy economy and our planetary future - our hope for abundant fuel, medicine, food and carbon sequestration.
Algae Financial Forecast
In August, 2010, Global Information released a new market research report, Algae Biofuels Production Technologies Worldwide, in which they project that the total algae biofuels production technologies market (including cultivation technology sales, harvesting, extraction and fuels production facilities) will reach $1.6 billion in 2015.
According to the study …
“ Starting at an estimated $271 million market size for 2010, this increase is significant and underscores that this is a quickly changing and evolving industry, expected to show an annual growth rate of nearly 43 percent.”
The Fuel/Resource of the Future
Process / Reactors
Sankalpa: The Photoreactor Company / Team
Investment / Closing
The Fuel of the Future?
Algae produce 100 times more oil per acre than traditional food oilseed crops such as soy etc. Algae produces 4,000 -15,000 gallons of oil per acre per year versus 50 gallons per acre for soy, or approximately 26 gallons per hectare
Algae eat CO2, the major Global Warming Gas, and produce oxygen.
Algae require only sunshine and water, and thrive on waste and polluted waters
Algae do not compete with food crops for either agricultural land or fresh water.
“ If we were to replace all of the diesel that we use in the United States, with an algae derivative, we could do it on an area of land less than one half of 1% of the current farm land that we now use.”
Douglas Henston, Pres. Solix Algae Fuels
Simply put, algae out-compete virtually all other methods and resources for producing biofuel and essential nutrients. According to the University of Washington, algae require the least amount of crop land to meet fuel needs.
Inputs - Outputs
Investing In the Future of Fuel
In 2007, $32 million in venture capital was pumped into businesses working on algae fuel.
In 2008, that number reached $184 million worldwide, according to Cleantech Network, which tracks environmental industries.
In 2007 Shell Oil formed Cellana, a joint venture with HR Biopetroleum, which has established an open-pond salt water algae facility in Hawaii specializing in native local species .
In September, 2008, Bill Gates' Cascade Investment and three other companies gave a total of $100 million to Sapphire Energy, a San Diego company producing fuel from algae and other microorganisms.
In November of 2008, Boeing announced the creation of the Algae Biofuel Organization, a coalition of aviation fuel users united to speed development of algae fuel.
In 2008, Virgin Airlines ran test flights using jet fuel from algae grown on sewage water, by Aquaflow Bionics, with Jet Blue following suit.
ExxonMobil: $600 Million
On July 15, 2009, Exxon announced a 600 million dollar investment into algae biofuel research. The research facility is based at partner Synthetic Genomics headquarters, and opened on July 14, 2010 in La Jolla, California.
Solazyme: $125 Million August 9, 2010: Seven-year-old Solazyme announced that it has raised $52 million in Series D financing from investors including Braemer Energy Ventures, Morgan Stanley, and Chevron Technology Ventures, the VC arm of the oil giant. Including this round, Solazyme has now raised over $125 million .
There exist a divergence of opinion on the timelines for algal commercialization.
Groups are generally in the 10-year camp or the 2-3 year camp.
In the ten year camp we find companies such as ExxonMobil and Sapphire Energy.
Sapphire’s commercialization path aims both short and long-term, with projections for 1 million gallons per year by 2011 to 1 billion gallons in the 2020s, while ExxonMobil’s biofuels chief Emil Jacobs has discussed algae in 10-year timelines.
Two to Three Years?
On the other hand, according to Biofuel Digest, companies such as PetroAlgae, Algenol, Aurora and Solazyme are giving much shorter commercialization timelines.
Solazyme, which produces sugar-fed algae without photosynthesis confirmed at last year’s Advanced Biofuels Development Summit that it would expect to have its first 100 million gallon per year (or large-scale commercial) facility in operation by 2012-13.
Algenol’s Biofields project begins construction this year, and Biofields continues to guide the markets to expect commercial capacity by 2013 in the 250 million gallons per year range.
Algenol CEO Paul Woods expressed to the Biofuel Digest last year that he would regard the achievement of only 300 Mgy in capacity by mid-decade as a “disappointment”. http://i.i.com.com/cnwk.1d/i/bto/20080612/algenol_270x292.GIF
Aurora Algae: 2013
Sept 2010 - Aurora Algae CEO Greg Bafalis forecasted the company could reap $100,000 in gross revenue per acre, and plans to be in large commercial production within 30 months, quickly scaling up to 1,000-plus acres. The company is constructing a first demonstration facility in Australia. “In about two and a half years we’ll be cash flow positive,” Bafalis predicted. “We’ll be tackling private equity and venture capital in the next year.” The company has raised $40 million to date, with its third round in March, 2010, yielding $15 million. http://venturebeat.com/2010/09/13/aurora%E2%80%99s-rebranding-bets-on-protein-bars-and-lotion-not-biofuel/
October, 2010: Aviation industry giants including British Airways and Airbus are supporting a project at the UK's Cranfield University to investigate ways of harvesting algae for jet fuel in commercial quantities. British Airways announced earlier this year it was establishing a facility in east London to convert 500,000 tonnes of waste a year into 16 million gallons of jet fuel. The airline said it would use low-carbon fuel to power part of its fleet by 2014. http://www.oilgae.com/blog/2010/10/algae-as-aviation-fuel .html
British Airways: 2014
Algae Cultivation Process
Simple Process: Fuel and Biomass
Integration & Multi-Products
Integration with Jatropha
Vertical Plastic Bags
Raceway and Paddle Wheel Seambiotic, an Israeli firm, uses raceway/paddle-wheel open-pond algae cultivation growth fed by C02 flue-gas from a nearby power plant.
Production w Closed System
High Nutrient Input or Waste Stream
Single Species in Controlled Environment:
30,000 -100,000 gallons per year per acre
Algae are a rich and varied source of pharmacologically active natural products and nutraceuticals. While nutraceutical and pharmaceutical content in the baseline algae strain is very small, current market values for these products are extremely high.
The major products currently being commercialized or under consideration for commercial extraction include carotenoids, phycobilins, fatty acids, polysaccharides, vitamins, sterols, and biologically active molecules for use in human and animal health.
Algae yield omega-3 fatty acids, proteins and oils at more profitable margins than other methods of production.
Common species of nutritional supplements include Spirulina, Chlorella and Duniella
Algae extracts are used for health supplements, pharmaceuticals, soaps, lotions, protein bars, shakes, and beauty products.
Nutraceuticals per Kilo
According to BioCentric, which has invested $600,000 in its line of algae nutraceuticals:
Haemaotoccocus has a current market value of $341 per kilogram,
Chlorella clocks in at $44 per kilo and
Spirulina sells for $20 per kilo
The pharmaceutical industry is growing at a CAGR of around 8% while the global pharmaceutical market is forecasted to reach US$ 1043.4 billion in 2012.
Use of algae, especially cyanobacteria based active compounds, has received ever-increasing interest as:
Antimicrobials, Antivirals & Antifungals
Dow Chemical's Steve Gluck notes major opportunity in the chemical industry for algae compared to biofuels .
"To get into the algae market, I think you might have to capture the chemical sector based on how much algae feedstock is needed in the chemical industry compared to the fuel refineries," said Gluck. "Chemicals need a pure material that algae can produce while fuels can have blended components.
Co-products from algae, including green polymers, chemicals and animal feed, will play a decisive role in the success of established and emerging algae production ventures.
Algae as Protein
According to the FAO, the world protein consumption is set to increase 74 percent by 2050, surpassing the replenishment of wild and farm-raised fish and livestock populations.
Algae can provide high-concentration EPA oils and protein extracts, and low-cost fish meal for aquaculture facilities.
Algae production systems will play an important role in addressing the growing worldwide demand for protein and Omega-3 fatty acids while reducing overfishing.
Current trends in Algae production include expansion from fuels to nutritional supplements, beauty products and pharmaceuticals.
Alameda CA (SPX) Sep 15, 2010 Aurora Algae has announced its transition from pilot technology development into full-scale commercialization of the Company's proprietary algae products, including high concentration eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA Omega-3 fatty acids), high-density proteins, fish meal and renewable fuels.
The markets for both pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals are growing quickly worldwide, and it is this global scope that particularly attracts marketers.
A growing proportion of today’s promising pharmaceutical and nutraceutical research focuses on the production of promising compounds from algae. Thus, the untapped potential of algae in the field of pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals has to be still explored to grow and capitalize on tremendous global marketing opportunities
Sankalpa will serve global sustainability and abundance by manufacturing machinery for tapping the unlimited potential of algae to meet ever-increasing human needs for clean fuel, energy, food, medicine, water and CO2 sequestration . In so doing we will create a profitable means toward restoring our environment for future generations.
Sankalpa’s mission is to lead the global market in the production of photoreactors and versatile extraction machinery, applicable to an increasingly vast spectrum of useful microorganisms, in order to most cost-efficiently produce essential products including fuel, pharmaceuticals, foods, nutritional supplements, fertilizers, fishmeal and cosmetics.
“ Integration, diversity and versatility are key values in our adaptable systems” says Sankalpa’s
CEO Sagar Sanawe.
“ The industry is in a rapid discovery phase. Our reactors will be designed to continuously absorb new efficiencies, to self-improve with plug-in and modular capacity to integrate new methods and growth media seamlessly into last generation machinery.”
“ Versatility in the creation of customized reactors for specific species of microorganisms targeting end products, such as pharmaceuticals will prove more profitable, within an earlier time frame, than solely biofuels.
CEO Sagar Sanawe
In partnership with Biogreen SA of South America, Sankalpa is constructing a first hybrid-reactor/pond demonstration facility on a 21 acre property in Uruguay, South America. The project will begin with one hectare ponds, along with a series of closed-reactor systems for testing adaptable equipment optimizing key strains of commercially viable algae.
Science & Engineering TEAM
Dr. Yogesh Borole Chemist Manager at the Aditya Birla Science & Technology Centre, Mumbai. Major work areas are renewable resources, chloro-chemicals, commercialization of lab processes, oleo chemicals and alternate energy systems, high pressure gases, feasibility studies for bio-fuels. Use of ultrasonic, microwave and UV reactors for organic reaction. Use of spectroscopic and chromatographic analytical techniques. -Directed scale up /pilot plant studies -Expert in using analytical methods Research Interests : Renewable resources: Utilization of algae, glycerol, fatty acids, cellulose, lignin etc. as feed-stocks. Catalysis/synthesis: for fine chemicals Chemistry
Dr. Rajeshwar Prasad Sinha
Associate Professor, Laboratory of Photobiology and Molecular Microbiology, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi India. Industrial Microbiology.
Selected as an Outstanding Scientist of the 21st century by International Biographical Centre (IBC), Cambridge, England, 2001, in honour of an outstanding contribution in the field of ´Photobiology and Molecular Microbiology.
Selected to review the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel report-2006 of United Nations Environmental Programme.
Courses taught: Cell and Molecular Biology, Biochemical and Molecular Techniques and Bioinformatics, Photobiology and Molecular Biology of Cyanobacteria, Microbial Genomics, Microbiology, Plant Metabolism and Biochemistry, Biofertilizer Technology etc.
BioChemistry / Microbiology
Mrs. Snehal Vijay More, M. Sc.
Senior Researcher Microbiology
National Chemical Laboratory
Microbiological techniques like handling, isolations, maintenance of microorganisms,
Preservation of microbiological cultures
Identification of microorganisms
Enzymology: Enzyme production,
Protein extraction, purification
UV-Visible Spectroscopy, Chromatography
Dr. Rakesh Somani
Senior Researcher, Professor
AREAS OF RESEARCH:
Green Chemistry and Microwave Synthesis, Heterocyclic Chemistry in anti-TB, anti-HIV and anti-cancer areas.
Principal Collaborator for NIH, National Institute of Cancer (NCI), USA.
Principal Collaborator for Rega Institute of Medical Research, Belgium .
Engineering & Finance
MBA, ME, BE
MBA-Finance from Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management, Masters of Engineering (ME-Mechanical) Automobile, Agricultural, Pharmaceutical Industries
Pharmaceutical machinery design &
New Product Design, Research
Special Interest in Financial Control, Project management, Risk Management, Resource Planning in Pharmaceutical Machinery Development
Mr. Rupesh Pimple, ME
Mechanical Engineer with strong background in industrial engineering, factory operations production planning and quality management.
Factory layout, systems efficiency calculations, operations including quality control, production and planning.
Special interest in applying IT to industrial engineering operations.
Mechanical Engineer, I.T.
Mr. Dinesh D. Gadekar ME
A Mechanical/Production engineer with extensive management experience and over 10 years cross-functional experience in Vehicle Testing / Project Execution / Operation / Product Development and quality control and systems analysis.
Proficiency in trials & tests for evaluation of newly developed parts /products. Deftness in developing need-based budgets while working with various vendors, Testing/Quality of firing I.C. Engines with BioFuels
Special interest in Testing/ Project Execution/Operations/ Product Development
Dr. Siddhivinayak. S. Barve
Distinctions : Gold Medalist at MSc, University of Mumbai -Post Doctoral Programme in Transgenic Plants at the state-of-the-art Purdue University,USA -Executive Management Programme at prestigious Asian Institute of Management, Manila, Philippines - Reader & Head, Department of Botany and Coordinator, Department of Biotechnology and CPE Biotech Lab
Research Projects: Coordinator, Designed and Developed UGCCenter for Potential Excellence in Biotechnology -Research and Experimental Station for Medicinal Plants at India Institute of Technology -Coordinator, International Interdisciplinary Research Project India – EU Biotechnology Programme with university of Leiden, Netherlands and University of Dusseldorf -Jt Coodinator, Project of Bioremediation of lakes in Thane
Publications: -Authored 13 Books , published articles in journals, newspapers
Team Scientists Biochemistry: Dr. Veena Salvi Engineering: Mr. Satvindar
Sankalpa Executive Team
Sagar Sanawe, CEO
Mr.Sanawe brings a wealth of experience in management, project execution, engineering and design in the automotive and aerospace industry including design of BhraMos missile parts.
Manager in thermal industries supervising production of large scale reactors, solid fuel boilers, heat exchangers, vessels and director of engineering teams in a wide range of applications.
Chief Operations Officer
Poonam Gandhi, ME:
Founding member, Sankalpa
Systems and Operations Analysis
Mechanical Engineer with experience of product marketing, product management activities including product life cycle, market segment analysis
Synergy Sankalpa’s team of scientists, engineers and advisors is growing rapidly, excited to optimize the synergistic expertise of our world-class research capacity to lead the industry in the design, engineering, construction and operation of commercial facilities for species-adaptive biotechnology .
Algae technology is perhaps the most important technology of our time. It will provide an abundant, fertile and self-developing source of protein, essential nutrients, medicine, fuel, fish feed and fertilizer, offering even the potential of a world without hunger.
As a voracious “clean machine” for environmental remediation and carbon fixation, algae offers the key for capturing our CO2 overload, producing O2 and ensuring a viable environment for future generations.
Despite climate change and natural resource exhaustion, we are led by the sheer force of algae science to the conclusion that algae has the capacity to solve virtually all of the pressing resource and environmental issues of our time, from “peak oil” to water supply to C02 sequestration. The potential for positive change, and profit, is limitless.
Algae Technology changes the playing field for our future.
The missing link is the availability of commercially viable photoreactors and extraction machinery that will meet the challenges for algae biotechnology. They key is synergy in terms of building the team and in developing the instrumentation.
Missing Link: Biotechnology
With a start-up investment of 125 million dollars ,
the Sankalpa team of scientists and engineers will produce biotechnology that will tap the global potential for algae resources and turn global problems into profit and sustainability.