Biographical Data<br />This book contains more biographical data than any other<br />Jeremiah = The Lord Exults<br />Born 627, begins ministry 643 – 16 yrs old(1:4-10)<br />Ministers under Josiah, Jehoiakim, and Zedekiah<br />Hometown: Anathoth (3 miles NE of Jerusalem)<br />Ministers in Jerusalem<br />40 years of Ministry<br />
Context<br />Reign of Josiah<br />Finding of the Scroll of the Law in the Temple and religious reform (2 Kings 22:3 – 23:5)<br />Last years of the existence of Judah<br />597 – Siege of Jerusalem: Jehoiachim dies, and Jehoiachin assumes throne<br />Zedekiah deposes Jehoiachin, sends many political elite into exile<br />Attempt at revolt by Zedekiah results in disaster<br />586 – Jerusalem falls<br />A very few Israelites remain behind, Jeremiah among them<br />Fearing indiscriminate reprisal, they flee to Egypt after the governor Gedaliah and soldiers put in place by Babylon are murdered. <br />
The Weeping Prophet<br />Personal Persecution<br />Conspiracy of the men of Anathoth (11:9-12:6)<br />Attacks against other prophets<br />Placed in Stocks by Pashur (20:1-6)<br />Threats of Death and Imprisonment (Chap. 38 NB. v.15)<br />Release by Babylon (Chap. 40)<br />Exile (Chap. 43)<br />
Overall Purpose of Jeremiah<br />Call People to repentance in view of God’s Judgment on Judea which would come from an army in the North<br />Judgment would come because people had forsaken God and turned to idols<br />There is a future for Israel if only you will repent<br />(After it is clear that they will not repent) Unconditional surrender to Babylon<br />Judgment on those who would harms God’s chosen people<br />
Context<br />Obviously written during or shortly after the time of the siege of Jerusalem<br />In the Christian Bible, the book follows Jeremiah because it has been traditionally attributed to him<br />Great deal of dissimilarity between the images and language of the Book of Jeremiah and Lamentations<br />
Literary Features<br />Five Poems of Lament<br />Raw emotions<br />No rhetorical movement from hope to grief unlike the Psalms (cf. Ps. 60)<br />Poetic meter gives sense of sentences broken off in grief<br />The first four chapters are all acrostic – attempt to give structure to the chaos around them<br />
Context<br />Friend and Scribe for Jeremiah (Jeremiah 45)<br />Egypt v. Babylon – where did he go?<br />Deuterocanonical<br />Many believe the book was written much later (ca 200-60 BC)<br />
Literary Features<br />Mostly consists of other pieces of the scriptures copied or paraphrased (ancient form of Scriptural interp.)<br />Three major parts<br />1:1-3:8 – corporate confession of sins<br />3:9-5:9 – Two poems, one to wisdom and one a rhetorical address to Jerusalem<br />6ff: Letter attributed to Jeremiah written for those about to be taken into exile<br />
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