Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
La filosofía cristiana medieval
y la Reforma Protestante
Edad Media
• Término utilizado para
referirse a un periodo de la
historia europea que
transcurrió desde la
desintegración ...
La relación entre lo
humano y lo divino en el
pensamiento medieval
expresada en
El humano como un
ser relacionado con
la d...
Características de la Edad Media
• Funcionó el sistema social,
económico y político conocido como
Feudalismo.
• Se usaban ...
Características de la Edad Media
• El cristianismo influyó en las ideas
filosóficas y teológicas, dando
diversas formas li...
Características de la Edad Media
• La relación entre la fe y la razón fue
un tema recurrente entre los
pensadores medieval...
Actividad Portafolio de Evidencias
• Investiga y anota en hojas para integrar
a tu Portafolio de Evidencias lo
siguiente:
...
• El pensamiento cristiano en sus
inicios consistía en cambiar el
centro del conocimiento del
mundo y apelar a la fe como
...
• El pensamiento cristiano proponía la fe
como guía de los asuntos
epistemológicos.
• Había cosas que no podrían
comprende...
• Es, pues, la fe la certeza de lo
que se espera, la convicción de
lo que no se ve.
–Hebreos 11.1
La concepción acerca de Dios
• La conceptualización de Dios
se convierte en una
preocupación de los filósofos
medievales.
...
• Pregunta 4 del Catecismo Menor de Westminster:
¿Qué es Dios?
• R. Es un Espíritu, infinito, eterno e inmutable en su
ser...
• Catecismo de la Iglesia
Católica:
– «Creemos firmemente y
confesamos que hay un
solo verdadero Dios,
inmenso e inmutable...
Filósofos medievales
• Agustín de Hipona.
• Boecio.
• Juan Escoto
Eriúgena.
• San Anselmo.
• Avicena.
• Averroes.
• Tomás ...
Pensamiento cristiano
• Dios es
inconmensurable,
infinito, sin límites,
indefinido.
• El papel de la
revelación es muy
imp...
Pensamiento cristiano
• El cristianismo es una
religión (del latín
religare, volver a ligar).
• El hombre no es solo
espír...
Pensamiento cristiano
• Se habla de un sentido
comunitario.
• No se opone a la razón,
la acepta, siempre y
cuando se recon...
Pensamiento
medieval
El pensamiento de
Tomás de Aquino
Durante algunos siglos
antes de Tomás de
Aquino, sobresalen unos
pocos filósofos cristianos
como Severino Boecio,
Juan Esc...
Ancio Manlio Torcuato Severino
Boecio (470-525) es famoso
por su libro Consolación de la
Filosofía, escrito durante sus
añ...
Nacido entre el 810 y el 877 d.C.
sobresale por su obra De
divisione naturae, donde asienta
su cuádruple división de todos...
Anselmo de Aosta (1033-1109)
es uno de los autores medievales
en escribir tratados centrados en
la estructura de las
demos...
Destacan Avicena (980-1037)
y Averroes (1126-1198).
Avicena es citado por Tomás
de Aquino para hablar de
metafísica. En Di...
Averroes es conocido como
“El comentarista” (de
Aristóteles), niega esa
distinción real entre esencia
y existencia en las ...
Nació en el castillo de
Roccasecca en el 1225; ingresó a
la orden de los dominicos,
estudió y enseñó en París en
varias un...
Al convocarle el papa al Concilio
de Lyon, viajó pero enfermó
cerca de Roma.
Murió en 1274 a los 49 años.
Canonizado en 13...
 Tomás de Aquino edificó su fe y
tomó postura con respecto a
grandes temas teológicos:
 La naturaleza de la Trinidad
div...
 De Aquino consideraba al mundo,
a Dios, como el Principio.
 La naturaleza funcionaba bajo el
principio de la causalidad...
 La razón humana debe
demostrar racionalmente las
verdades de la fe, como la
existencia de Dios,
descubriendo sus
caracte...
 De Aquino desarrolló la teología
negativa: nosotros solo podemos
saber lo que Dios no es, y esto a
causa de nuestra natu...
Realiza un resumen de las cinco vías
para probar la existencia de Dios,
propuesta por santo Tomás de Aquino en
tu cuaderno...
El pensamiento de
Agustin de Hipona
Place logo
or logotype
here,
otherwise
delete this.
Place logo
or logotype
here.
Other...
Agustin de Hipona
Nació en el año 354, en la ciudad
africana Tagaste. Llevó una vida
turbulenta en su juventud. Cultivó
lo...
Agustin de Hipona
Profesó el escepticismo y el
platonismo.
Se convirtió al cristianismo en el
387. Para el 395 ya era Obis...
Agustin de Hipona
Sus principales obras fueron
Contra los académicos, De
libero arbitrio, Soliloquios, De
vera Religione, ...
El interiorismo y la existencia de
Dios.
Para Agustin la introspección es
un procedimiento fundamental en
su vida y obra. ...
Pensamiento agustiniano
Para conocer a Dios hay que
conocerse a sí mismo.
La infinitud de Dios ante la
finitud del ser hum...
Pensamiento agustiniano
El “ser” humano como imagen y
semejanza de Dios (Gén. 1.26a).
El alma humana, viene de Dios, y
por...
Pensamiento agustiniano
Para Agustin la interioridad del alma
se compone de una estructura tripartita
(inteligencia, memor...
Pensamiento agustiniano
La relación entre razón y fe. Se
acepta la afirmación de que para
entender hay que creer.
La fe es...
Pensamiento agustiniano
La participación humana en la historia.
La salvación del hombre y la historia
están interrelaciona...
Pensamiento agustiniano
El interiorismo antropológico de
Agustin se encuentra expresado en su
libro de Confesiones.
Entre ...
Filosofía Medieval
Sus representantes –
escolastas– procuraban
fundamentar
teóricamente la
concepción religiosa del
mundo....
Filosofía Medieval
En los primeros siglos del
cristianismo se enfrentaron
problemas de interpretación
de los textos sagrad...
Pensamiento Agustiniano
En el cristianismo actual:
La presencia de Dios en sus criaturas sin que
se reduzca a ninguna de e...
Alberto Magno (1206-1280).
Juan Duns Scoto (1270-
1308)
Guillermo de Ockham (1288-
1347).
Juan Huss (1372-1415).
Tomás de ...
Tema 4
Filosofía Política
1469-1527
Nacido en Florencia en 1469,
Niccolo Machiavelli ha
pasado a la historia como un
personaje oscuro y maligno, su
...
1469-1527
Recibió una sólida educación
humanística, basada en el estudio
de los clásicos latinos e italianos.
Fue embajado...
de Nicolás Maquiavelo
Establece la autonomía de la política
respecto de la religión y, sobre todo, de
la moral.
Decía que ...
de Nicolás Maquiavelo
La política:
No es un efecto de otras instancias de conocimiento.
No es historia.
No es una moral, a...
de Nicolás Maquiavelo
El príncipe o el gobernante, tiene
como misión la felicidad de sus
súbditos y ésta sólo se puede
con...
de Nicolás Maquiavelo
Los medios no importan: no es
necesaria la moral, sino un
realismo práctico, no lo que debe
ser, sin...
Política
La rama de
la Filosofía denominada
Filosofía Política, es
aquella que estudia racional
y reflexivamente temas
pol...
Tema 5
Reforma protestante
El renacimiento
• Para el siglo XV la edad
media se encontraba en
decadencia, la escolástica
seguía presente.
• Surge el R...
• Se consideró a la Edad
Media como una época
oscura y de atraso, por
lo que los artistas y
filósofos quisieron
revivir el...
• El siglo XV representaba
el valor de renacer de
los valores griegos y
romanos, reflejándose
en la cultura,
principalment...
• Surgió el
Humanismo, donde
se dominaba el latín
clásico, y se
profundizaba en las
obras de Virgilio,
Cicerón, Horacio,
H...
• Se trató de recuperar las
líneas y formas clásicas
en las artes plásticas.
• Orden, armonía y
simetría fueron claves
en ...
• El renacimiento fue
antropocéntrico, dejando a
un lado el teocentrismo de la
edad media.
• La tierra dejó de ser el cent...
• En la ciencias se
destacaron Nicolás
Copérnico, Galileo
Galilei, Francis Bacon.
• En el arte destacan
Durero, Garcilaso ...
 Nació cerca de Eisennach,
Alemania, en 1483.
 Inició la abogacía pero
prefirió irse a un
monasterio de agustinos.
 En ...
 Su pensamiento
romanista cambió al
pensar en lo que pasaba
con la venta de
indulgencias en Roma.
 Su pensamiento se bas...
 En 1520 fue excomulgado
por el papa.
 Tradujo la Biblia al alemán.
 Murió en 1546.
 Su doctrina:
 Justificación por ...
 Contribución fundamental
a la formación de la
mentalidad moderna fue la
reforma religiosa
impulsada por Lutero y
Calvino...
 La época renacentista,
contexto histórico de la
reforma, fue el marco para
redescubrir una corriente
filosófica antigua,...
 El escepticismo
epistemológico, pues se
derrumba la concepción del
mundo que se pensaba sólida,
consistente y universal....
Bibliohemerografía
• González Valadez, Isaía et al. (2011). Filosofía. Primera
edición. México: ST Editorial.
• Gutiérrez ...
Bibliohemerografía
• León Santander, Roberto (2007). Filosofía.
Bachillerato. 2ª edición. México: ST Editorial.
• Cadena M...
Bibliohemerografía
• http://www.corazones.org/santos/tomas_aquino.htm
• http://www.preguntasantoral.es/2011/08/san-agustin...
Filosofia Bloque III. Primera parte.- La filosofía  cristiana medieval y la Reforma Protestante
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Filosofia Bloque III. Primera parte.- La filosofía cristiana medieval y la Reforma Protestante

1,775

Published on

Filosofía medieval: Tomás de Aquino, Agustín de Hipona. Reforma protestante: Martin Lutero. Filosofía Política: Pensamiento de Nicolás Maquiavelo.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,775
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Textured and layered backgroundwith title(Advanced)Tip: Some shape effects on this slide are created with the Combine Shapes commands. To access this command, you must add it to the Quick Access Toolbar, located above the File tab. To customize the Quick Access Toolbar, do the following:Click the arrow next to the Quick Access Toolbar, and then under CustomizeQuickAccessToolbar click MoreCommands.In the PowerPointOptions dialog box, in the Choose commands from list, select All Commands. In the list of commands, click CombineShapes, and then click Add.To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Also on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click More Gradients. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 200, Green: 149, and Blue: 4.In the Transparency box, enter 79%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 124, Green: 93, and Blue: 30.In the Transparency box, enter 84%.Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 131, Green: 104, and Blue: 7.In the Transparency box, enter 74%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 98, Green: 61, and Blue: 40.In the Transparency box, enter 51%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Soft Edges, in the Size box, enter 5 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, enter 1.83” in the Height box and 10.33” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the clip art effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Clip Art. In the Clip Art pane, in the Search for box, enter 00437948, select the Include Office.com content check box, and then click Go. Select the clip art file in the pane to insert it into the slide. (Note: If you choose another clip art file, the clip art must be in the Windows Metafile format [.wmf].)Drag the clip art from the Clip Art pane to the slide.Select the clip art. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, enter 6.99” in the Height box and 7.5” in the Width box.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Microsoft Office PowerPoint dialog box, click Yes. On the slide, select the converted clip art. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the top-level group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup. Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Autoshape object, and then press DELETE. Press and hold CTRL, and then select all the clip art shapes. On the Quick Access Toolbar, click Combine Shapes, and then click ShapeUnion.Position the new freeform shape in the bottom left corner of the slide so that it extends beyond the left and bottom edges of the slide.Select the freeform shape. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradients, and then click MoreGradients. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Solid fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 99%Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Glow and Soft Edges in the left pane, in the Glow and Soft Edges pane, under Glow, do the following:Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Size box, enter 7 pt.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box.On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select Garamondfrom the Font list, select 54 pt. from the FontSize list, and then click Bold.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in theWordArt Styles group, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, in the Shadow pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 70%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.Drag the text box inside the rectangle and on the right side of the slide.To reproduce the first background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Stationary (fourth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, clickNoline.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click Copy.Press DELETE to delete the rectangle.Also on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow below Paste, and select Paste Special. In the Paste Special dialog box, select Paste, and then under As, select Picture (PNG).Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Artistic Effects, and then click Artistic Effects Options. In the FormatPicture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, and then click Paint Brush (second row).Also in the Artistic Effects pane, do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 15%.In the Brush Size box, enter 2.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Color in the left pane, in the Picture Color pane, do the following:Under Color Saturation, in the Saturation box, enter 200%.Under Color Tone, click the button next to Presets and then click Temperature: 5,300 K.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, do the following:Under Sharpen and Soften, in the box next to Sharpen, enter -70%.Under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter -10%.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Send to Back.To reproduce the second background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the button next to Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Angle box, enter 160°.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stopor Remove gradient stopuntil four stops appear in the slider.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 29%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 36, Green: 25, and Blue: 15.In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select the next stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 68%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 104, Green: 71, and Blue: 34.In the Transparency box, enter 68%Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 84, Green: 65, and Blue: 54.In the Transparency box, enter 37%. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the third background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Cork (fifth row).Clear the Tile picture as texture check box.Under Stretch options, in the Transparency box, enter 84%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Paint Brush (second row), and then in the Brush Size box, enter 1.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, enter 1% in the Brightness box and 26% in the Contrast box.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.To reproduce the fourth background layer on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle.On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Picture or texture fill, and then do the following:Click the button next to Texture, and then click Granite (third row).Under Tiling options, in the Transparency box, enter 90%.Also in the FormatPicture dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, in the Line Color pane, select No line.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Artistic Effects in the left pane, in the Artistic Effects pane, click the button next to Artistic Effect, click Photocopy (fifth row), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 94%.In the Detail box, enter 9.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Picture Corrections in the left pane, in the Picture Corrections pane, under Brightness and Contrast, in the Contrast box, enter 35%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Size in the left pane, in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter 7.5” in the Height box and 10” in the Width box.Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Middle.Click Align Center.
  • Transcript of "Filosofia Bloque III. Primera parte.- La filosofía cristiana medieval y la Reforma Protestante"

    1. 1. La filosofía cristiana medieval y la Reforma Protestante
    2. 2. Edad Media • Término utilizado para referirse a un periodo de la historia europea que transcurrió desde la desintegración del Imperio romano de Occidente, en el siglo V, hasta el siglo XV.
    3. 3. La relación entre lo humano y lo divino en el pensamiento medieval expresada en El humano como un ser relacionado con la divinidad La influencia de Tomás de Aquino y San Agustín El pensamiento de Nicolás Maquiavelo La reforma protestante propuesta por Martín Lutero Se entiende a partir de
    4. 4. Características de la Edad Media • Funcionó el sistema social, económico y político conocido como Feudalismo. • Se usaban las lenguas romances, principalmente el latín. • La Iglesia Romanista logró ser el centro del poder. • Se propaga el cristianismo.
    5. 5. Características de la Edad Media • El cristianismo influyó en las ideas filosóficas y teológicas, dando diversas formas litúrgicas, dogmáticas y espirituales. • La doctrina cristiana evolucionó las ideas griegas. • Surgen una nueva ética y moral a partir de la metafísica.
    6. 6. Características de la Edad Media • La relación entre la fe y la razón fue un tema recurrente entre los pensadores medievales. • Se planteaba el creacionismo. • El problema de Dios es de gran importancia. • El Imperio Romano era politeísta; sin embargo, fue cambiando al paso de los años.
    7. 7. Actividad Portafolio de Evidencias • Investiga y anota en hojas para integrar a tu Portafolio de Evidencias lo siguiente: – Credo Niceno o Constantinopolitano. – Credo Apostólico.
    8. 8. • El pensamiento cristiano en sus inicios consistía en cambiar el centro del conocimiento del mundo y apelar a la fe como acción de comprensión de la realidad.
    9. 9. • El pensamiento cristiano proponía la fe como guía de los asuntos epistemológicos. • Había cosas que no podrían comprenderse por la vía racional, como la encarnación.
    10. 10. • Es, pues, la fe la certeza de lo que se espera, la convicción de lo que no se ve. –Hebreos 11.1
    11. 11. La concepción acerca de Dios • La conceptualización de Dios se convierte en una preocupación de los filósofos medievales. • Dios constituye una fuerza infinita, ilimitada y eterna; es un ente inconmensurable y revelado al hombre.
    12. 12. • Pregunta 4 del Catecismo Menor de Westminster: ¿Qué es Dios? • R. Es un Espíritu, infinito, eterno e inmutable en su ser, sabiduría, poder, santidad, bondad, justicia y verdad. Juan 4:24; Éxodo 3:1 4; Sal. l45: 3, 90:2; Stg. 1:17; Ro. 11:33; Gn. 17:1; Apoc. 4:8; Éxodo 34:6,7.
    13. 13. • Catecismo de la Iglesia Católica: – «Creemos firmemente y confesamos que hay un solo verdadero Dios, inmenso e inmutable, incomprensible, todopoderoso e inefable, Padre, Hijo y Espíritu Santo: Tres Personas, pero una sola esencia, substancia o naturaleza absolutamente simple (Concilio de Letrán IV: DS 800).
    14. 14. Filósofos medievales • Agustín de Hipona. • Boecio. • Juan Escoto Eriúgena. • San Anselmo. • Avicena. • Averroes. • Tomás de Aquino.
    15. 15. Pensamiento cristiano • Dios es inconmensurable, infinito, sin límites, indefinido. • El papel de la revelación es muy importante. • Se creía en la encarnación.
    16. 16. Pensamiento cristiano • El cristianismo es una religión (del latín religare, volver a ligar). • El hombre no es solo espíritu, sino que es una síntesis de materia y espíritu. • La conducta humana es buscar la santidad.
    17. 17. Pensamiento cristiano • Se habla de un sentido comunitario. • No se opone a la razón, la acepta, siempre y cuando se reconociera que era un instrumento limitado, acotado por las propias potencias del ser humano.
    18. 18. Pensamiento medieval
    19. 19. El pensamiento de Tomás de Aquino
    20. 20. Durante algunos siglos antes de Tomás de Aquino, sobresalen unos pocos filósofos cristianos como Severino Boecio, Juan Escoto Eriúgena y Anselmo de Canterbury.
    21. 21. Ancio Manlio Torcuato Severino Boecio (470-525) es famoso por su libro Consolación de la Filosofía, escrito durante sus años en prisión. Escribió también un Comentario a la Isagoge de Porfirio. Filósofo del último periodo romano, ejecutado por Teodorico. Formalmente, es un representante del neoplatonismo
    22. 22. Nacido entre el 810 y el 877 d.C. sobresale por su obra De divisione naturae, donde asienta su cuádruple división de todos los entes. Naturaleza que crea y no es creada (Dios); Naturaleza que es creada y crea (las Ideas Divinas); Naturaleza que es creada y no crea (las creaturas), y Naturaleza que ni crea ni es creada (Dios como fin de todas).
    23. 23. Anselmo de Aosta (1033-1109) es uno de los autores medievales en escribir tratados centrados en la estructura de las demostraciones y de los argumentos. Escribió Monologio y Proslogium, sobre la sabiduría y existencia de Dios respectivamente. Su célebre frase Fides quaerens intellectum (la fe busca entendimiento).
    24. 24. Destacan Avicena (980-1037) y Averroes (1126-1198). Avicena es citado por Tomás de Aquino para hablar de metafísica. En Dios hay identidad entre esencia y existencia; pero en las criaturas se distinguen realmente, de tal manera que la existencia en ellas, es un accidente de la esencia.
    25. 25. Averroes es conocido como “El comentarista” (de Aristóteles), niega esa distinción real entre esencia y existencia en las criaturas. Para él hay una distinción lógica y mental. Sostiene la teoría de la Doble Verdad (una de las tesis es verdadera en teología y falsa en filosofía, y viceversa.
    26. 26. Nació en el castillo de Roccasecca en el 1225; ingresó a la orden de los dominicos, estudió y enseñó en París en varias universidades. Introdujo la filosofía de Aristóteles en las universidades. Su obra principal es la Suma Teológica, de 14 tomos, también escribió Suma contra gentiles, De ente et essentia, Cuestiones disputadas.
    27. 27. Al convocarle el papa al Concilio de Lyon, viajó pero enfermó cerca de Roma. Murió en 1274 a los 49 años. Canonizado en 1323, declarado Doctor de la Iglesia en 1567 y patrón de las universidades católicas y centros de estudio en 1880. El triunfo de santo Tomás, Benozzo Gozzoli, siglo XV
    28. 28.  Tomás de Aquino edificó su fe y tomó postura con respecto a grandes temas teológicos:  La naturaleza de la Trinidad divina.  La naturaleza encarnada de Cristo.  La existencia de Dios.  La relación entre Dios y el hombre.  Los distintos mundos.
    29. 29.  De Aquino consideraba al mundo, a Dios, como el Principio.  La naturaleza funcionaba bajo el principio de la causalidad (causa- efecto).  Pero el principio tenía algo trascendente, es decir, lo que supera la naturaleza, aquello que la sustenta y opera.  Dios estaba más allá de los límites de la razón humana.
    30. 30.  La razón humana debe demostrar racionalmente las verdades de la fe, como la existencia de Dios, descubriendo sus características mediante el análisis de sus manifestaciones en el mundo natural.  Se rebaten cuestiones contrarias a la fe mediante la argumentación.
    31. 31.  De Aquino desarrolló la teología negativa: nosotros solo podemos saber lo que Dios no es, y esto a causa de nuestra naturaleza limitada y finita y de la naturaleza perfecta de Dios.  Una máxima de Tomás de Aquino es “El estudioso es el que lleva a los demás a lo que él ha comprendido la verdad”.
    32. 32. Realiza un resumen de las cinco vías para probar la existencia de Dios, propuesta por santo Tomás de Aquino en tu cuaderno. Después comenta con tus compañeros tu postura, de acuerdo o desacuerdo. ¿Piensas que a alguien que no crea en Dios, cristianamente hablando, pero acepte la persuasión de los argumentos, se le pueda convencer de que Dios existe con estas cinco vías?
    33. 33. El pensamiento de Agustin de Hipona Place logo or logotype here, otherwise delete this. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    34. 34. Agustin de Hipona Nació en el año 354, en la ciudad africana Tagaste. Llevó una vida turbulenta en su juventud. Cultivó los estudios clásicos. Fue maniqueo (teoría que admite un principio supremo del bien y un principio supremo del mal). Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    35. 35. Agustin de Hipona Profesó el escepticismo y el platonismo. Se convirtió al cristianismo en el 387. Para el 395 ya era Obispo, de Hipona, combatió el maniqueísmo, el donatismo (pretendían una iglesia en Africa separada de Roma) y el pelagianismo. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    36. 36. Agustin de Hipona Sus principales obras fueron Contra los académicos, De libero arbitrio, Soliloquios, De vera Religione, De Trinitate, La ciudad de Dios y Las Confesiones. Murió en el 430 en Hipona. Canonizado como santo, y nombrado Doctor de la Iglesia. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    37. 37. El interiorismo y la existencia de Dios. Para Agustin la introspección es un procedimiento fundamental en su vida y obra. Dios se revela en la intimidad del alma, siempre y cuando se reconozca la naturaleza espiritual del hombre por medio de la confesión. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text. Pensamiento agustiniano
    38. 38. Pensamiento agustiniano Para conocer a Dios hay que conocerse a sí mismo. La infinitud de Dios ante la finitud del ser humano. Dios es el creador de todo y el mundo que vemos es un mundo de criaturas (Génesis 1-2.3). Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    39. 39. Pensamiento agustiniano El “ser” humano como imagen y semejanza de Dios (Gén. 1.26a). El alma humana, viene de Dios, y por tanto, es inmortal. El cuerpo es el instrumento del alma. El alma es una imperfecta imagen de la eternidad de Dios, donde no hay pasado ni futuro, sino presente sin sucesiones. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    40. 40. Pensamiento agustiniano Para Agustin la interioridad del alma se compone de una estructura tripartita (inteligencia, memoria, voluntad). Refleja la vida interior de Dios: Dios- Padre (memoria), Dios-Hijo (inteligencia), Dios-Espíritu Santo (voluntad), es decir, la Trinidad. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text. La Trinidad de El Greco (1577-1580).
    41. 41. Pensamiento agustiniano La relación entre razón y fe. Se acepta la afirmación de que para entender hay que creer. La fe es previa al entendimiento, ello no quita a la razón su papel en la comprensión de las verdades reveladas, para entenderlas, entonces, hay que tener fe (He. 11.1). Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    42. 42. Pensamiento agustiniano La participación humana en la historia. La salvación del hombre y la historia están interrelacionados. El sentido de la historia tanto de cada ser humano, como de la humanidad, es encontrar la salvación. La idea de la salvación la expresa en su obra La ciudad de Dios. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text.
    43. 43. Pensamiento agustiniano El interiorismo antropológico de Agustin se encuentra expresado en su libro de Confesiones. Entre otros aspectos de la vida cristiana y filosofía habló de el libre albedrío y la predestinación. Place logo or logotype here. Otherwise delete this text. Sepulcro de Agustín en Pavía.
    44. 44. Filosofía Medieval Sus representantes – escolastas– procuraban fundamentar teóricamente la concepción religiosa del mundo. Servían de base filosófica a la escolástica las ideas de la filosofía clásica (Platón y Aristóteles).
    45. 45. Filosofía Medieval En los primeros siglos del cristianismo se enfrentaron problemas de interpretación de los textos sagrados. Los padres de la iglesia fueron los primeros teólogos cristianos, quienes se encargaron de fundamentar el pensamiento cristiano ortodoxo.
    46. 46. Pensamiento Agustiniano En el cristianismo actual: La presencia de Dios en sus criaturas sin que se reduzca a ninguna de ellas. La preeminencia de la fe, sin que se excluya a la razón. La idea de una comunidad cristiana que se reúne en un mismo proyecto (iglesia). Espacio interior entre el hombre y Dios.
    47. 47. Alberto Magno (1206-1280). Juan Duns Scoto (1270- 1308) Guillermo de Ockham (1288- 1347). Juan Huss (1372-1415). Tomás de Kempis (1380- 1471).
    48. 48. Tema 4 Filosofía Política
    49. 49. 1469-1527 Nacido en Florencia en 1469, Niccolo Machiavelli ha pasado a la historia como un personaje oscuro y maligno, su frase “el fin justifica los medios”. Considerado el padre del estudio de la política, estudió historia, escribió literatura y se desempeñó en la diplomacia.
    50. 50. 1469-1527 Recibió una sólida educación humanística, basada en el estudio de los clásicos latinos e italianos. Fue embajador, historiador y visitador de papas. Murió en 1527. Sus principales obras: Discursos sobre la primera década de Tito Livio. El príncipe (1513). La mandragola (1512-20). Arte de la guerra (1516).
    51. 51. de Nicolás Maquiavelo Establece la autonomía de la política respecto de la religión y, sobre todo, de la moral. Decía que un buen gobernante debe mostrarse astuto y feroz. El ser humano tiene una unidad dual, porta una naturaleza racional y otra pasional e instintiva. La violencia es un medio necesario para la asegurar la paz de los ciudadanos. La política no es sinónimo de orden, sino de conflicto.
    52. 52. de Nicolás Maquiavelo La política: No es un efecto de otras instancias de conocimiento. No es historia. No es una moral, aunque interviene en el comportamiento de la vida humana. No es filosofía.
    53. 53. de Nicolás Maquiavelo El príncipe o el gobernante, tiene como misión la felicidad de sus súbditos y ésta sólo se puede conseguir con un Estado fuerte. Para conseguirlo tendrá que recurrir a la astucia, al engaño y, si es necesario, a la crueldad. La virtud fundamental es la prudencia, para la conveniencia del Estado. Si el interés de la patria exige traición o perjurio, se comete.
    54. 54. de Nicolás Maquiavelo Los medios no importan: no es necesaria la moral, sino un realismo práctico, no lo que debe ser, sino lo que es en realidad. Política y moral son dos ámbitos distintos e incluso contradictorios. “El gobierno de muchos es mejor que el de unos pocos“ (República).
    55. 55. Política La rama de la Filosofía denominada Filosofía Política, es aquella que estudia racional y reflexivamente temas políticos, como el poder, el Estado, el gobierno, el bien común, la autoridad, los derechos, la justicia, las formas de gobierno y las leyes, en cuanto a su origen, esencia, límites, legitimidad, naturale za, necesidad y alcances.
    56. 56. Tema 5 Reforma protestante
    57. 57. El renacimiento • Para el siglo XV la edad media se encontraba en decadencia, la escolástica seguía presente. • Surge el Renacimiento, movimiento cultural que abarca los siglos XV y XVI, su cuna fue Italia.
    58. 58. • Se consideró a la Edad Media como una época oscura y de atraso, por lo que los artistas y filósofos quisieron revivir el esplendor clásico. El renacimiento
    59. 59. • El siglo XV representaba el valor de renacer de los valores griegos y romanos, reflejándose en la cultura, principalmente en el arte donde se destaca la obra de Leonardo da Vinci. El renacimiento
    60. 60. • Surgió el Humanismo, donde se dominaba el latín clásico, y se profundizaba en las obras de Virgilio, Cicerón, Horacio, Homero, etc. El renacimiento
    61. 61. • Se trató de recuperar las líneas y formas clásicas en las artes plásticas. • Orden, armonía y simetría fueron claves en este período. El renacimiento
    62. 62. • El renacimiento fue antropocéntrico, dejando a un lado el teocentrismo de la edad media. • La tierra dejó de ser el centro del universo (geocentrismo), pasando al heliocentrismo. El renacimiento
    63. 63. • En la ciencias se destacaron Nicolás Copérnico, Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon. • En el arte destacan Durero, Garcilaso de la Vega, Rafael, Miguel Ángel, Shakespeare, El Greco. El renacimiento
    64. 64.  Nació cerca de Eisennach, Alemania, en 1483.  Inició la abogacía pero prefirió irse a un monasterio de agustinos.  En 1512, recibió el título de Doctor de la Sagrada Escritura en su universidad de Erfurt.
    65. 65.  Su pensamiento romanista cambió al pensar en lo que pasaba con la venta de indulgencias en Roma.  Su pensamiento se basó en la cita bíblica de Habacuc «El justo vivirá por su fe». Manifestó su desacuerdo con los dogmas de la iglesia romanista al clavar las llamadas 95 tesis en Wittenberg.
    66. 66.  En 1520 fue excomulgado por el papa.  Tradujo la Biblia al alemán.  Murió en 1546.  Su doctrina:  Justificación por la fe.  Sacerdocio universal.  Dos sacramentos.  Cuatro principios: Solo Cristo, Sola Gracia, Sola Scriptura y Sola Fide.
    67. 67.  Contribución fundamental a la formación de la mentalidad moderna fue la reforma religiosa impulsada por Lutero y Calvino en el siglo XVI. • Lutero lleva la doctrina de Agustin de Hipona sobre la gracia a las últimas consecuencias.
    68. 68.  La época renacentista, contexto histórico de la reforma, fue el marco para redescubrir una corriente filosófica antigua, el escepticismo, la escuela de Pirrón de Elea.  La inserción de esta corriente filosófica en el mundo renacentista tuvo dos vertientes:
    69. 69.  El escepticismo epistemológico, pues se derrumba la concepción del mundo que se pensaba sólida, consistente y universal.  El escepticismo religioso, pues la introducción de la reforma provocó que el ser humano común y corriente cuestionara su fe y los discursos religiosos que se le insinuaban.
    70. 70. Bibliohemerografía • González Valadez, Isaía et al. (2011). Filosofía. Primera edición. México: ST Editorial. • Gutiérrez Sáenz, Raúl (2009). Historia de las doctrinas filosóficas. 38ª edición. México: Editorial Esfinge. • Angulo Parra, Yolanda et al. (2011). Filosofía. Primera edición. México: Santillana. • Zagal Arreguín, Héctor Jesús y Ross Hernández, José Alberto (2012). Historia de las doctrinas filosóficas. Primera edición. México: Santillana.
    71. 71. Bibliohemerografía • León Santander, Roberto (2007). Filosofía. Bachillerato. 2ª edición. México: ST Editorial. • Cadena Magaña, Antonio (2004). Temas selectos de Filosofía 2. México: Thomson. • http://www.iglesiareformada.com/CatecismoMenorde Westminster.html • http://www.vatican.va/archive/catechism_sp/p1s2c1p1_ sp.html#«CREO EN DIOS, PADRE TODOPODEROSO, CREADOR DEL CIELO Y DE LA TIERRA»
    72. 72. Bibliohemerografía • http://www.corazones.org/santos/tomas_aquino.htm • http://www.preguntasantoral.es/2011/08/san-agustin-de- hipona/ • http://www.filosofia.org/enc/ros/escol.htm • http://www.mgar.net/var/maquiave.htm • http://deconceptos.com/ciencias-sociales/filosofia-politica • http://www.conocereislaverdad.org/Lutero.htm • http://hjg.com.ar/sumat/a/c2.html

    ×