WTO SPS Measures

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WTO and sanitary and phytosanitary measures. …

WTO and sanitary and phytosanitary measures.

Presentation for master students of international business. Preparation time: 2 hours. Presentation time: 10 minutes

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  • 1. ...but I took a bath SPS MEASURES & TRADE BY: MICHAEL MIELLO 1 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 2. SPS measures....what??? Sanitary + Phyto-sanitary Sanitary ‣ means clean Phyto-sanitary ‣ plants HUH!? Measures ‣ creating rules 2 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 3. What are Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary measures Safety requirements imposed by governments ‣ Animals ‣ Humans No danger! ‣ Environment I promise Protections ‣ Directly - contaminants (bird flu) ‣ Indirectly - pests (long term) Technical trade to barrier Reference:

Hoekman,
B.
Kostecki,
M.
(2002)
WTO 3 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 4. SPS - production to delivery Expor&ng
Country Impor&ng
Country 1.
RegulaAons
and
procedures
 2.
Product
criteria
 3.
Processes
and
producAon
methods 4.
TesAng
inspecAon 4.
TesAng
inspecAon 6.
QuaranAne
treatments 5.
CerAficaAon
and
approval
procedures 7.
Provisions
on
relevant
staAsAcal
procedures
and


 risk
assessment
methods 8.
Packaging
and
labeling
requirements
directly
to
 food
safety 4 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 5. Actors on multiple levels International ‣ WTO - created in Uruguay Round (GATT) ‣ UNCTAD Regional / National ‣ Ministry of Commerce, Agriculture and Health ‣ Food and Drug Administrations ‣ General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine Local ‣ Municipals ‣ NGO participation 5 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 6. International Trading Area WTO ‣ Prepare SPS measures - International standards - Scientific evidence ‣ Prevent unjustifiably discrimination ‣ Maintain an SPS enquiry to advance SPS measures ‣ Dispute Settlement Body Reference:

Hoekman,
B.
Kostecki,
M.
(2002) 6 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 7. CASE OF APPLES CASE STUDY: “MISUSING” SPS MEASURES 7 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 8. stealing our business American apple = stomach ache PROTECTING OF WHOM? TRADE OR OCHARDS 8 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 9. Must provide scientific evidence WTO’s findings ‣ Japan’s quarantine treatment violated SPS measures ‣ no scientific evidence to prove harmful substances Conclusion ‣ Japan sinks under pressure after years ‣ pays America $143 million1 hSp://www.caltradereport.com/eWebPages/front‐page‐1090525827.html 9 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 10. In the news... I'm just a bug February 2009 North American Plant Protect Organization (NAPPO) propose standard Inspect ships for Asian Gypsy Moth China, S. Korea, Indonesia and Japan are mad Continuation of same conflict?? © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 11. References 1. Hoekman,
B.
Kostecki,
M.
(2002),
The
PoliAcal
 Economy
of
the
World
Trading
System,
Oxford,
 Oxford
University
Press,
xxi
–
547
p.
(second
 ediAon)
ISBN
0‐19‐829434‐4. 2. hSp://www.authorstream.com/PresentaAon/ Renzo‐66273‐food‐safety‐InternaAonal‐Purpose‐ Sanitary‐Phytosanitary‐SPS‐RegulaAon‐ Agreements‐agre‐as‐News‐Reports‐ppt‐ powerpoint/ 3. hSp://www.wto.com 4. hSp://www.ustr.gov/Document_Library/ Press_Releases/2004/July/ US_DissaAsfied_with_Japan_over_Apple_Dispute.h tml 5. hSp://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news09_e/ sps_25feb09_e.htm 6. hSp://www.caltradereport.com/eWebPages/front‐ 11 © MICHAEL MIELLO
  • 12. moo... merci!! Q&A 12 © MICHAEL MIELLO