Carl Rogers ConceptsCompare/Contrast Applications Fallacies
1902 – 1987 Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions by the American Psychological Association in 1956. Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Psychology by the APA in 1972 Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with national intergroup conflict in South Africa and Northern Ireland Decent family history, although rather religiously strict. Introverted person/Highly imaginative Deep openness to Change Faith in people affected his development of his theories Felt assessments at the onset of counseling would cause the client to assume that the therapist would “fix” their problems.
Counseling and Psychotherapy – 1942 Proposed – Nondirective counseling Key Concepts: Humanism The person should be viewed holistically Each person has it within themselves to fix themselves. Free-will Personal Responsibility
Rogers Freud Empathy Therapist knows Unconditional Best Positive Regard Client’s knowledge Client Knows best is insignificant Reflective listening Advice, Persuasion, Teaching No-Diagnosis Unconscious drive Congruent whole personality Personality divided Focus on the Focus on the person not the problem, not the problem person Persons needed direct help in order to solve their problemsSocial Work Podcast #8, 2/12/07
1. A relationship exists 2. Client is a state of incongruence 3. Therapist is Congruent 4. Therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client 5. Therapist experiences and attempts to express an empathic understanding of the client’s internal frame of reference 6. Therapist’s unconditional positive regard, empathic understanding, and congruence must be perceived by the clientSeligman, Pg. 150
The ability for the therapist to be genuine No façade Requires self-awareness Deliberate self-disclosure Therapists need to be aware that a client’s subjective interpretation could lead to misinterpretation
Prizing Caring for and respecting the client Does NOT require that the therapist accept and approve of all the client’s actions Therapist needs to be consistent of their acceptance and regard of the person
Grasping the subjective words of the client Reflection of feeling NOT Sympathy
Can I be real? – Real, Congruence, Transparency Prizing/Caring for this person – “if I dislike this person I find it important that express it” Empathy – Can I see things through “her” eyes? http://youtu.be/HarEcd4bt-s
1. Identify and describe a situation where you felt that someone wronged you and how that made you feel.2. Is this situation repeated in other aspects in your life?3. What other emotions do you feel about this. Does this situation trigger other memories or emotions?4. How can you turn this around and see this from a different perspective? What are the truths about this situation?
Assumption of “Sufficient for Change” has not been proven by research. Being Genuine – Beginning clinicians get stuck “faking” it.
What Person-Centered Therapy means to the world of Psychology Carl Rogers coined a philosophy that is in predominant use today. This therapeutic approach encourages the client to find their own solutions by allowing them the ability to see themselves, through therapist acceptance of them and reflective listening. The assumption of “innate good” is still in debate as the “nature verses nurture” aspects of personality are still in dispute.