Stem Changing Verbs

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Stem Changing Verbs

  1. 1. Stem-Changing Verbs Chapter 5 Catalina Bohórquez
  2. 2. Reviewing Regular Verbs What is an infinitive verb? An infinitive verb, is a verb that has not been conjugated. For example, -ar, -er and -ir verbs. Examples: cant ar com er escrib ir to sing to eat to write
  3. 3. Practicing Regular –ar Verbs How do you conjugate a regular –ar verb? You drop the –ar and add the corresponding ending. -ar endings Personal pronouns yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. o as a amos an
  4. 4. Practicing Regular –ar Verbs Let’s review! bail ar yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. bail o bail as bail a bail amos bail an
  5. 5. Practicing Regular –er Verbs How do you conjugate a regular –er verb? You drop the –er and add the corresponding ending. -er endings Personal pronouns yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. o es e emos en
  6. 6. Practicing Regular –er Verbs le er yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. le o le es le e le emos le en Let’s review!
  7. 7. Practicing Regular –ir Verbs How do you conjugate a regular –ir verb? You drop the –ir and add the corresponding ending. -ir endings Personal pronouns yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. o es e imos en
  8. 8. Practicing Regular –ir Verbs Escrib ir yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. escrib o escrib es escrib e escrib imos escrib en Let’s review!
  9. 9. Stem-Changing Verbs What is a stem-changing verb? empez ar stem ending
  10. 10. Stem-Changing Verbs Let’s practice perd er stem ending prefer ir stem ending
  11. 11. Stem-Changing Verbs The verbs emp e zar (to begin), p e rder (to lose), mer e ndar (to have a snack), ent e nder (to understand), qu e rer (to want) and pref e rir (to prefer) are stem changing verbs. In these verbs the e of the stem changes to ie in all forms except for nosotros.
  12. 12. Stem-Changing Verbs yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. emp ie zo emp ie zas emp ie za empezamos emp ie zan emp e zar Example Remember: In these verbs the e of the stem changes to ie in all forms except for nosotros.
  13. 13. Stem-Changing Verbs yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. p ie rdo p ie rdes p ie rde perdemos p ie rden p e rder
  14. 14. Stem-Changing Verbs yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. pref ie ro pref ie res pref ie re preferimos pref ie ren pref e rir
  15. 15. Stem Changing Verbs o  ue
  16. 16. Stem-Changing Verbs Let’s review stems and endings. volv er stem ending dorm ir stem ending
  17. 17. Stem-Changing Verbs The verbs v o lver (to return to a place), dev o lver (to return a thing), p o der (to be able to), alm o rzar (to have lunch), and d o rmir (to sleep) are also stem changing verbs. The difference is that in these verbs the o of the stem changes to ue in all forms except for nosotros.
  18. 18. Stem-Changing Verbs yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. d ue rmo d ue rmes d ue rme dormimos d ue rmen d o rmir Example Remember: In these verbs the o of the stem changes to ue in all forms except for nosotros.
  19. 19. Stem-Changing Verbs yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. p ue do p ue des p ue de podemos p ue den p o der
  20. 20. Stem-Changing Verbs yo tú el/ella/Ud . nosotros(as) ellos/ellas/Uds. v ue lvo v ue lves v ue lve volvemos v ue lven v o lver
  21. 21. Stem-Changing Verbs Let’s practice some more!
  22. 22. Take out a Sheet of paper and answer the following questions … <ul><li>Nosotros _______ una limonada. (querer) </li></ul><ul><li>¿A qué hora _______ la clase? (empezar) </li></ul><ul><li>¿A qué hora __________ Uds.? (dormir) </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros _________ en la tarde (jugar) </li></ul><ul><li>En la mañana, tú no ________ hablar mucho. (poder) </li></ul><ul><li>En la tarde, yo _________ leer. (preferir) </li></ul><ul><li>¿__________ Ud. ir al cine? (querer) </li></ul><ul><li>Ustedes _________ el partido. (perder) </li></ul><ul><li>¿A qué hora ________ la profesora? (volver) </li></ul><ul><li>Juan y Marco ________ jugar bien al fútbol. (poder) </li></ul><ul><li>¿Por qué ________ tú esta blusa? (devolver) </li></ul>

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