The Atlantic forest is a tropical and subtropicalmoist forest, tropical dry forest, tropical savanna,premontane forest and mangrove forests whichextends along the Atlantic coast of Brazil, of RioGrande del Norte... The Atlantic forest ischaracterized by a high diversity of species andendemism. It was the first environment that thePortuguese conquerors found more than 500 yearsago, when it is believed that they have a surfacearea of 1 to 1.5 million km2 and extends a distanceunknown inland.The Atlantic forest remainsextremely abundant species of biodiversity andendemic, many of which are threatened withextinction.
It occurs in Northern, Western and galiciacornice, two types of soil, the siliceo inthe West and the calcareo to exist inCentral and Eastern. The climate is mildbecause temperatures are moderatedby the proximity of the sea, and there isa large rainfall and humidity.
The vegetation mainly consists ofdeciduous trees such as the chestnuts,beeches, oaks and hollies. The animal that is most representative ofthe Cantabrian mountains, and thereforeinhabitant of this ecosystem is the brownbear. The other animals are thechamois, roe deer, wolf, grouse, blackwoodpecker....
Trees: yew, chestnut, beech, Rowan,melojo oak... Plants: bilberry, the mugget, the scilla,the Anemone, orchids, bromeliads, vines,and mosses. Another copy of producers are thephotosynthetic bacteria.
Primary consumersRosalia longicorn The Roe deer The slothThe Bugio The agouti The capercaillie
Human impact Some of the human impacts that are making theirmark in the Atlantic forests are: slash indiscriminateforest fires, erosion of the soil, improper use ofagrochemicals, indiscriminate huntingmonoculture. All this and many more causes thatare doing Atlantic forests are at risk. That would happen if all the Atlantic forests wereburned? Many animals would die therefore, great part of thepopulation would remain without the foodproceeding from these animals as with the plants, ifthey were burned those of the Atlantic forest, thelife would be much more difficult.