Evidence of the role of MOTIVATION in recreation conflict was found in a study of fishers and water skiers on lake Shelbyville, IL.
Anglers were divided into 2 groups: Experienced conflict (defined as reporting having observed reckless boating) and having not experienced conflict.
Differences in their motives were found, such as: escape, enjoying the smells and sounds of nature, using and discussing equipment, feeling their independence, doing things with family, and chancing dangerous situations.
A study between different groups of campers theorized the differences in recreation motivations on the part of “traditional” verses “modern” campers as causing conflict.
Found that “perceived conflict” are best understood not only as an outcome of the choice of activity, but instead it derives from the orientation of recreational preferences (motivation and participation)
Broad social values are a third issue addressed in several conflict studies.
Include: Beliefs, attitudes, and more global worldviews
A study between snowmobilers and cross-country skiers found difference with regard to attitudes toward environmental issues and management of outdoor recreation areas.
(2) studies between hikers and pack stock users have suggested the importance of “symbolic values” or broad philosophical considerations including beliefs about the meaning and importance of wilderness and the “appropriateness” of selected recreation activities.
The role of social values in recreation conflict was addressed by two other studies:
Hikers objected to the use of the Rattlesnake National Recreation Area, MT, but could not specify objectionable behavior of bikers, indicating that biking was considered inappropriate on the basis of broad philosophical grounds.
Conflict was also found between hunters and non-hunters at Mount Evan, CO, despite the fact that there was physical separation by zoning and vegetative screening.
Since there was no physical interaction between participants suggests that conflict may be associated with contrasting attitudes and worldviews.
Florida study of canoeist and motorboaters found that tolerance of respondents for sharing resources with members of other activity groups and the degree to which expectations for encountering other type of activity groups were influential in creating conflict.
Safety Concerns and Visitor Norms also influence the conflict.
Outgroup Bias (unfavorable evaluation of groups that one does not belong to) and years of participation have also been seen to influence conflict in outdoor recreation.