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Cassie and Sydney's Research Project

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  • 1. The Black Death The Bubonic Plague By Sydney Trask Period 6
  • 2. The Beginning
    • The bubonic plague was caused by the bacilli dwelling inside of the blood of a flea
    • The flea fed on rats’ blood and transferred a virus that will kill off more than half of Europe’s population
    • Once the rat died, the fleas would feed and spread the disease to other rats
    • There were 3 ways to receive the plague: bubonic, pneumonic, and septimic
    • Rats carried it overseas into foreign countries beginning the spread
  • 3. The Spread of Disease
    • The Black Death reached the shores of Italy in the spring of 1348
    • By 1347, the plague was widespread in the Mediterranean region, and throughout Italy, France, and England
  • 4. Signs of Impending Death
    • A gush of blood from the nose
    • Swellings in the groin or under the armpit swelled to the size of an egg and were called tumors
    • Black or purple spots showed up on the arms or thighs
    • Chills and high fevers
    • A victim had a life expectancy of up to a week or even less
  • 5. A Cure…
    • No doctor's advice or medicine could overcome this disease
    • Many ignorant, uncertified men and women set up as doctors to earn a quick money
    • No treatment was possible because most doctors were so ignorant that they did not know what caused it and could not administer the proper cure
    • Very few recovered, but most people died due to their uninformed nature
  • 6. Blaming the Jews
    • Authorities had a no explanation about how the plague was spreading rapidly
    • They blamed the Jews to be the source of how the disease that was spreading throughout Europe
    • Tens of thousands of Jews were ordered to be burned in France, Germany, Switzerland, Spain
    • Pope Clement VI, Emperor Charles IV, and medical experts who said that the Jews were innocent
    • The authorities were largely ineffective because the disease was spread mostly by fleas and rats
  • 7. Mass Burials
    • Many died in the streets at night and during the day
    • Others died in their houses were known to be dead because the neighbors smelled their rotting bodies
    • Since the cemeteries were full, so they dug huge trenches, where they buried the bodies by the hundreds
    • They stowed them away and covered them with a little earth, until the whole trench was full of decaying bodies
  • 8. Diminishing Population
    • Europe experienced great physical and mental hardships
    • 25% to 50% of the total population of Europe died
    • Entire families and villages vanished
    • From 1346 to 1354, an estimated 20 million people died of plague in Europe
  • 9. Works Cited
    • Bishop, Morris. The Middle Ages . Canada: American Heritage Press, 1970. Print.
    • Black Death Pandemics." World of Health. Online ed. Detroit: Gale Group, 2007. Student Resource Center Gold. Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009. www.find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark .
    • Leone, Bruno. The Middle Ages . San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 2002. Print.
    • Plague Decimates European Population, 1347-1352." Discovering World History. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Gold. Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009. www.find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark .
    • "The Black Death, 1348," EyeWitness to History, Copyright Ibis Communications, Inc. 2001. www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/
    • Thompson, Stephen P. The Renaissance . San Diego: Greenhaven Press Inc., 2000. Print.
  • 10. Astrology Cassie Workman Period 6 Mrs. Nicastro
  • 11. Astrology is…
    • Astrology is the art of foretelling events on Earth by observing the movements of the sun, moon, and heavenly bodies, which permeated the outlook of the later middle ages.
  • 12. Origins of Astrology
    • The birthplace of astrology was Mesopotamia, the land between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, now occupied by Iraq.
    • Astrology spread to Egypt
    • The Greeks believed the Egyptians and Babylonians had invented astrology.
  • 13. Astrological Mechanisms
    • A mechanism is an assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion, often being part of a large machine; linkage.
    • Many people believe that science rejects astrology because it does not present a casual mechanism similar to the more advanced models of standard physical theory.
    • An example of a mechanism for astrology would be the order of our solar system.
    This is a picture of our solar system in a astronomical drawling.
  • 14. Ancient Astrology
    • Ancient astrology dealt with the influence of the heavenly bodies on the Earth in general, not just on the lives and fate of human beings.
    • Queen Elizabeth I was advised by astrologists on the date of her coronation and many sea-going vessels were held in port until astrological influences were thought to be favorable.
    This is a picture of a astrological chart.
  • 15. The Arabic and Medieval Legacy
    • In addition to adopting orbs and aspects based on degrees rather than signs Arabic astrologers also began using a very complex system of separating and applying aspects and such arcane relationships as translation, abscission and collection of light, referentation, prohibition and frustration. These changes allowed them to extract a great deal of information regarding the interaction, both past and present of the planets involved.
  • 16. Famous Astrologers
    • Thales -[624 to (548-545) BC]
    • Pythagoras [580-500 BC]
    • Anaxagoras [500-428 BC]
    • Plato (428/427-348/347 BC)
    • Hippocrates [460-377 BC]
    • Aristotle [384-322 BC]
    • Hipparchus [190-120 BC]
    • Ptolemy [AD 127-145]
    • Plotinus [AD 205-270]
    • Porphyry [AD 234-305]
    • Proclus [AD 410-485]
    • Johann Muller(Regiomontanus) [June 6, 1436- July 6,1476]
  • 17. Astrology at it’s Best
    • The Renaissance philosopher and astrologer Marsilio Ficino, his writing in 1492, proclaimed, "This century, like a golden age, has restored to light the liberal arts, which were almost extinct: grammar, poetry, rhetoric, painting, sculpture, architecture, music...this century appears to have perfected [astrology].”
    Along with literature, painting and sculpture, the art of astrology reached new heights in the rebirth of classical culture in the European Renaissance of 1450-1700.
  • 18. Works Cited
    • Bobrick, Benson. The Fated Sky Astrology in History . New York: Simon and Schuster Publishing House, 2005. Print.
    • Netzley, Partricia D. Life in the Renaissance . San Diego: Lucent Books Inc, 1998. Print.
    • Spitz, Lewis. The Renaissance and Reformation Movements . St. Louis Missouri: Concordia Publishing House, 1971. Print.
    • Warnock, Christopher. Renaissance Astrology N.p., 2 Dec. 2009. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. <http://www.renaissanceastrology.com/astrologyinrenaissancetwo.html>.
    • Warnock, Christopher. Renaissance Astrology N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. < www.renaissanceastrology.com >.
    • Zoller, Robert. Medieval and Renaissance Astrology and Medicine N.p., 1992. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. <http://new-library.com/zoller/features/rz-article-medicine