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The Black Death The Bubonic Plague By Sydney Trask Period 6
The Beginning <ul><li>The bubonic plague was caused by the bacilli dwelling inside of the blood of a flea </li></ul><ul><l...
The Spread of Disease <ul><li>The Black Death reached the shores of Italy in the spring of 1348 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1347,...
Signs of Impending Death <ul><li>A gush of blood from the nose  </li></ul><ul><li>Swellings in the groin or under the armp...
A Cure… <ul><li>No doctor's advice or medicine could overcome this disease </li></ul><ul><li>Many ignorant, uncertified me...
Blaming the Jews <ul><li>Authorities had a no explanation about how the plague was spreading rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>The...
Mass Burials <ul><li>Many died in the streets at night and during the day </li></ul><ul><li>Others died in their houses we...
Diminishing Population <ul><li>Europe experienced great physical and mental hardships </li></ul><ul><li>25% to 50% of the ...
Works Cited <ul><li>Bishop, Morris.  The Middle Ages . Canada: American Heritage Press, 1970. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Bla...
Astrology Cassie Workman Period 6 Mrs. Nicastro
Astrology is… <ul><li>Astrology is the art of foretelling events on Earth by observing the movements of the sun, moon, and...
Origins of Astrology <ul><li>The birthplace of astrology was Mesopotamia, the land between the Euphrates and the Tigris ri...
Astrological Mechanisms <ul><li>A mechanism is an assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion, often ...
Ancient Astrology <ul><li>Ancient astrology dealt with the influence of the heavenly bodies on the Earth in general, not j...
The Arabic and Medieval Legacy <ul><li>In addition to adopting orbs and aspects based on degrees rather than signs Arabic ...
Famous Astrologers <ul><li>Thales -[624 to (548-545) BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Pythagoras  [580-500 BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Anax...
Astrology at it’s Best <ul><li>The Renaissance philosopher and astrologer Marsilio Ficino, his writing in 1492, proclaimed...
Works Cited <ul><li>Bobrick, Benson.  The Fated Sky Astrology in History . New York: Simon and Schuster Publishing House, ...
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Cassie and Sydney's Research Project

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Transcript of "Cassie and Sydney's Research Project"

  1. 1. The Black Death The Bubonic Plague By Sydney Trask Period 6
  2. 2. The Beginning <ul><li>The bubonic plague was caused by the bacilli dwelling inside of the blood of a flea </li></ul><ul><li>The flea fed on rats’ blood and transferred a virus that will kill off more than half of Europe’s population </li></ul><ul><li>Once the rat died, the fleas would feed and spread the disease to other rats </li></ul><ul><li>There were 3 ways to receive the plague: bubonic, pneumonic, and septimic </li></ul><ul><li>Rats carried it overseas into foreign countries beginning the spread </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Spread of Disease <ul><li>The Black Death reached the shores of Italy in the spring of 1348 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1347, the plague was widespread in the Mediterranean region, and throughout Italy, France, and England </li></ul>
  4. 4. Signs of Impending Death <ul><li>A gush of blood from the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Swellings in the groin or under the armpit swelled to the size of an egg and were called tumors </li></ul><ul><li>Black or purple spots showed up on the arms or thighs </li></ul><ul><li>Chills and high fevers </li></ul><ul><li>A victim had a life expectancy of up to a week or even less </li></ul>
  5. 5. A Cure… <ul><li>No doctor's advice or medicine could overcome this disease </li></ul><ul><li>Many ignorant, uncertified men and women set up as doctors to earn a quick money </li></ul><ul><li>No treatment was possible because most doctors were so ignorant that they did not know what caused it and could not administer the proper cure </li></ul><ul><li>Very few recovered, but most people died due to their uninformed nature </li></ul>
  6. 6. Blaming the Jews <ul><li>Authorities had a no explanation about how the plague was spreading rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>They blamed the Jews to be the source of how the disease that was spreading throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Tens of thousands of Jews were ordered to be burned in France, Germany, Switzerland, Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Clement VI, Emperor Charles IV, and medical experts who said that the Jews were innocent </li></ul><ul><li>The authorities were largely ineffective because the disease was spread mostly by fleas and rats </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mass Burials <ul><li>Many died in the streets at night and during the day </li></ul><ul><li>Others died in their houses were known to be dead because the neighbors smelled their rotting bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Since the cemeteries were full, so they dug huge trenches, where they buried the bodies by the hundreds </li></ul><ul><li>They stowed them away and covered them with a little earth, until the whole trench was full of decaying bodies </li></ul>
  8. 8. Diminishing Population <ul><li>Europe experienced great physical and mental hardships </li></ul><ul><li>25% to 50% of the total population of Europe died </li></ul><ul><li>Entire families and villages vanished </li></ul><ul><li>From 1346 to 1354, an estimated 20 million people died of plague in Europe </li></ul>
  9. 9. Works Cited <ul><li>Bishop, Morris. The Middle Ages . Canada: American Heritage Press, 1970. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Black Death Pandemics.&quot; World of Health. Online ed. Detroit: Gale Group, 2007. Student Resource Center Gold. Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009. www.find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark . </li></ul><ul><li>Leone, Bruno. The Middle Ages . San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 2002. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Plague Decimates European Population, 1347-1352.&quot; Discovering World History. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Gold. Gale. Colony High School. 2 Dec. 2009. www.find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The Black Death, 1348,&quot; EyeWitness to History, Copyright Ibis Communications, Inc. 2001. www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Thompson, Stephen P. The Renaissance . San Diego: Greenhaven Press Inc., 2000. Print. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Astrology Cassie Workman Period 6 Mrs. Nicastro
  11. 11. Astrology is… <ul><li>Astrology is the art of foretelling events on Earth by observing the movements of the sun, moon, and heavenly bodies, which permeated the outlook of the later middle ages. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Origins of Astrology <ul><li>The birthplace of astrology was Mesopotamia, the land between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers, now occupied by Iraq. </li></ul><ul><li>Astrology spread to Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks believed the Egyptians and Babylonians had invented astrology. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Astrological Mechanisms <ul><li>A mechanism is an assembly of moving parts performing a complete functional motion, often being part of a large machine; linkage. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people believe that science rejects astrology because it does not present a casual mechanism similar to the more advanced models of standard physical theory. </li></ul><ul><li>An example of a mechanism for astrology would be the order of our solar system. </li></ul>This is a picture of our solar system in a astronomical drawling.
  14. 14. Ancient Astrology <ul><li>Ancient astrology dealt with the influence of the heavenly bodies on the Earth in general, not just on the lives and fate of human beings. </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth I was advised by astrologists on the date of her coronation and many sea-going vessels were held in port until astrological influences were thought to be favorable. </li></ul>This is a picture of a astrological chart.
  15. 15. The Arabic and Medieval Legacy <ul><li>In addition to adopting orbs and aspects based on degrees rather than signs Arabic astrologers also began using a very complex system of separating and applying aspects and such arcane relationships as translation, abscission and collection of light, referentation, prohibition and frustration. These changes allowed them to extract a great deal of information regarding the interaction, both past and present of the planets involved. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Famous Astrologers <ul><li>Thales -[624 to (548-545) BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Pythagoras [580-500 BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Anaxagoras [500-428 BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Plato (428/427-348/347 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Hippocrates [460-377 BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle [384-322 BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Hipparchus [190-120 BC] </li></ul><ul><li>Ptolemy [AD 127-145] </li></ul><ul><li>Plotinus [AD 205-270] </li></ul><ul><li>Porphyry [AD 234-305] </li></ul><ul><li>Proclus [AD 410-485] </li></ul><ul><li>Johann Muller(Regiomontanus) [June 6, 1436- July 6,1476] </li></ul>
  17. 17. Astrology at it’s Best <ul><li>The Renaissance philosopher and astrologer Marsilio Ficino, his writing in 1492, proclaimed, &quot;This century, like a golden age, has restored to light the liberal arts, which were almost extinct: grammar, poetry, rhetoric, painting, sculpture, architecture, music...this century appears to have perfected [astrology].” </li></ul>Along with literature, painting and sculpture, the art of astrology reached new heights in the rebirth of classical culture in the European Renaissance of 1450-1700.
  18. 18. Works Cited <ul><li>Bobrick, Benson. The Fated Sky Astrology in History . New York: Simon and Schuster Publishing House, 2005. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Netzley, Partricia D. Life in the Renaissance . San Diego: Lucent Books Inc, 1998. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Spitz, Lewis. The Renaissance and Reformation Movements . St. Louis Missouri: Concordia Publishing House, 1971. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Warnock, Christopher. Renaissance Astrology N.p., 2 Dec. 2009. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. <http://www.renaissanceastrology.com/astrologyinrenaissancetwo.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Warnock, Christopher. Renaissance Astrology N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. < www.renaissanceastrology.com >. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoller, Robert. Medieval and Renaissance Astrology and Medicine N.p., 1992. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. <http://new-library.com/zoller/features/rz-article-medicine </li></ul>
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