WHAT IS COGNITIVISM?A learning theory that came into use in the 1950’s.The belief that the way people think impacts theirbehavior and cannot be a behavior in itself. Click the arrow to move on
WHAT IS COGNITIVISM? A theory that attempts to answer how and why people learn Cognitivism follows the Behaviorist Theory, but focusesmore on what is going on in the mind.
KEY FIGURES Kurt Lewin Lewin developed field theory that learning is result ofchanges in cognitive structure, one’s sense of belonging, and gain in muscle control.
KEY FIGURES Jean PiagetPiaget theorized that there are four stages of cognitivedevelopment: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, and Formal Operational.
KEY FIGURES Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Benjamin BloomBloom identified six levels within the cognitive domain, now known as Bloom’s Taxonomy.
COGNITIVISM IN THE CLASSROOM Cognitivism works under the assumption that students learn best when they are engaged and involved. This learning theory can be used effectively in the classroom when students are engaged in realistic experiences, discussing content, and experimenting.
COGNITIVISM IN THE CLASSROOMTraditional Classroom VS. Cognitivism Classroom Traditional Classroom Cognitivism Classroom Students work primarily alone. Students work mostly in groups.Teacher’s role is directive, rooted Teacher’s role is interactive, in authority. rooted in negotiation.Learning is based on repetition. Learning is interactive, building on what the student already knows.
MY CLASSROOM In my future classroom, I plan to use Cognitivism in manyways. Here are a few examples: • Using graphic organizers and concept maps to incorporate pictures, text, sound bytes, and video clips. • Using Microsoft Word to work together as a class to summarize information we have just learned.
MY CLASSROOM In my classroom, I will also encourage my students to learnfrom each other. I will strive to act as a guide in learning andwork to always adapt my curriculum to my students’ needs. I will take the time to understand each of my students, andcreate a setting that promotes learning.
SOURCES USED Wikipedia Cognitivism and Constructivism Picture of Kurt Lewin Textbook: Meece, J. L., & Daniels, D. H. (2007). Child and adolescent development for educators. (3 ed.).Boston: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages. My personal notes that I took during my Child and Adolescent Development Class (Summer 2011)