Proper Vehicle Maintenance By Cassie Koch Boise State University EdTech 503
Participants will rotate tires, inspect and change oil, oil filters and air filters on their vehicle. Goal 1: Goal 2: Goal 3: Goal 4: Participant will Participant will Participant will Participant willinspect vehicle’s oil change oil change air filter rotate tires
Entry Level Behaviors Locate hood lever both in and outside the vehicle Know the different types of dipsticks and where to find them. Locate and read miles gauge Operate a car jack Use a screwdriver Use a wrench to tighten and loosen nuts and bolts Locate and comprehend owner’s manual Use tire pressure gauge Add and release tire air
Materials Needed Tools Needed Materials to Retrieve Vehicle Oil Shop towel Oil funnel Oil filter Oil filter wrench Air filter Oil drain pan Wrench Screwdriver Car jack Two secure jack stands Two blocks Tire wrench Tire pressure gauge Air compressor
Goal 1.0: Participant will inspect the vehicle’s oil 1.4.0 Remove oil dipstick 1.5.0 Check Oil color and 1.1.0 Check Miles 1.2.0 Open Hood 1.3.0 Secure hood to be examined level 1.4.1 Locate oil dipstick 1.1.1 Look at miles gauge 1.2.1 Locate hood lever or 1.3.1 Locate secure hood 1.5.2 Look at the color (yellow loop) and pull out 1.5.1 Locate the oil level behind steering wheel button within car bar and thickness of the oil oil dipstick 1.1.2 Compare miles 188.8.131.52 Dark thick black oil 184.108.40.206 Smooth golden 1.2.2 Push button or pull 1.3.2 Hook bar into 1.4.2 Wipe dipstick clean 220.127.116.11 Oil below the full gauge to miles record needs to be changed brown color indicates no lever to pop hood open opening within the hood of oil with shop towel line, add 1 quart of oil window decal/tracker (goal 2) change necessary 18.104.22.168 If between or 22.214.171.124 If between or 126.96.36.199 If greater thangreater than 3,000-5,000 greater than 10,000 to 1.2.3 Locate hood latch 5,000 miles since last tire 1.3.3 Tug on the hood to 1.4.3 Push dipstick back in 188.8.131.52 Locate and uncap miles since last oil 15,000 miles since last air under hood or within rotation; rotate tires make sure hood is secure. vehicle holder oil tank lidchange; change oil (Goal filter change; change air front grill (Goal 4) 2) filter (Goal 3) 1.4.4 Slowly pull dipstick 184.108.40.206 Place oil funnel in 1.2.4 Release hood latch out, avoid scraping the oil tank opening edge of the holder 1.2.5 Open hood 220.127.116.11 Add one Qt. of oil. 18.104.22.168 remove and wipe funnel clean with a shop towel. 22.214.171.124 Recap oil tank
Goal 2.0: Participant will change oil 2.1.0 Retrieve 2.2.0 Jack front 2.3.0 Remove 2.5.0 Lower car 2.6.0 Replace oil Oil filter and oil 2.4.0 Drain oil 2.7.0 Add Oil end of car up used oil filter jack filter 2.1.2 Buy correct 2.2.1 Secure 2.4.1 Move oil 2.5.1 Remove vehicle by 2.3.1 Locate oil 2.6.1 Take oil 2.7.1 Locate and 2.1.1 Locate oil filter, weight drain pan under area under placing blocks filter towards filter out of the remove oil tank owners manual and quarts of oil oil pan plug vehicle of debris behind the front end of box cap at auto store and tools wheels engine (usually an orange or yellow cylinder) 2.5.2 Remove 2.6.2 Using 126.96.36.199 Look up 2.4.2 Slide or188.8.131.52 Look up 184.108.40.206 Look up role (if using secured safety finger, dab new 2.7.2 Place oil and determine and determine 2.2.2 Useand determine cart) under jacks and tire oil on the funnel in number of correct weight owner’s manual oil filter size engine, next to blocks and place rubber gasket or opening quarts of oil the of oil to determine 2.3.2 Grab and oil drain pan, to the side rim of new filter vehicles tank where to place place oil filter with wrench holds. car jack and wrench loop and towel in stationary jacks around filter. hand 2.5.3 Adjust car 2.7.3 Add correct 2.6.3 Fill filter jack to slowly amount of oil about 2/3 full of lower vehicle to according to new oil the ground owner’s manual. 2.3.3 Turning 2.4.3 Using a 2.2.3 Place car wrench to the wrench, loosen jack in correct left, unscrew oil the oil pan plug position under filter 2.6.4 Hold filter car; must be 220.127.116.11 Pour oil 18.104.22.168 Remove placed towards upright and 22.214.171.124 Check oil into funnel funnel and the front of car’s lower into (Goal 1) 2.4.4 slowly secure cap metal frame engine 126.96.36.199 Tip oil Completely 188.8.131.52 Extract remove plug and filter into oil oil filter set on shop drain pan 184.108.40.206.1 Stop towel 2.6.5 Tilt filter 220.127.116.11.1 Wipe 2.2.4 Jack front pouring and towards it’s wait for oil to funnel clean of of car up 2.4.5 Move oil designated area drain when oil enough so one 18.104.22.168.3 Lift can maneuver 22.214.171.124.1 Hold oil drain pan as funnel fills up 126.96.36.199.2 Slowly filter out of the filter in place needed to catch with oil. underneath the tip oil filter car without while removing oil pouring out vehicle.. upright tipping the filter wrench of vehicle over. 2.6.6 Screw oil filter in place by 188.8.131.52.2 hand until snug Continue to 2.2.5 Place 2.4.6 Let oil pour after oil stationary jack completely drain clears the stands under into drain pan funnel, until the car, near under car. correct amount wheelbase on of oil is used car’s metal frame 2.4.7Using a wrench, screw oil drain plug tightly in place 2.4.8 Slide out from under vehicle.
Goal 3.0: Participant will change air filter. 3.1.0 Retrieve 3.2.0 Remove air 3.3.0 Remove air 3.4.0 Add new 3.5.0 Close filter lid proper air filter filter cover filter filter and hood 3.4.1 Using shop 3.1.1 Determine 3.2.1 Locate air 3.5.1 Screw or 3.5.2 Examine 3.3.1 Lift air filter towel, wipe outproper air filter size filter box or hinge air filter engine and area for out of holder any debris or bugsin owner’s manual cylinder cover any towels or tools in air filter holder 3.2.2 unhinge or 3.3.2 Discard old 3.4.2 Remove new3.1.2 Buy proper air 184.108.40.206 Remove all unscrew air filter filter in garbage filter from store filter at auto store debris cover. bin case 3.4.3 Place new 220.127.116.11 Unhook filter in air filter hood brace and holder close hood tightly
Goal 4.0: Participant will rotate tires. 4.5.0 Repeat steps 1-4 4.1.0 Jack vehicle on 4.4.0 Lower vehicle to 4.2.0 Remove tires 4.3.0 Switch tires for passenger side of 4.6.0 Check tire pressure driver’s side the ground vehicle 4.1.1 Locate secure 4.3.1 Place front tire on 4.6.1 Using tire pressure 4.2.1 Locate and loosenfactory approved jacking back axle and back tire gauge, measure the 4.6.2 Locate required lug nuts on front and 4.4.1 Clear area of debris point under vehicle (use on front axle, lining up pounds per square inch measure of PSI on side of back wheel with a lug nut and toolsowners manual to locate the screws with the tire (PSI) of the front driver tire. wrenchposition on metal frame) rim holes side tire 18.104.22.168 Compare measured PSI level to 4.2.2 Remove lug nuts on 4.3.2 Loosely screw in 22.214.171.124 Place circular end4.1.2 Place blocks behind 4.4.2 Remove secured required PSI level both tires and place in lug nuts on both front of tire pressure gauge passenger side tires safety jack stands marked on side of dish or bowl and back tires over tire spout doorjamb or owner’s manual 126.96.36.199 Quickly press 188.8.131.52 Using air 4.4.3 Adjust the car jack4.1.3 Place car jack under 4.2.3 Remove both tires 4.3.3 Use wrench to gauge into tire spout compressor add or to slowly lower vehicle to vehicle in jacking point from axles tighten lug nuts in place enough so a quick gust of remove air as needed to the ground air squirts out reach actual PSI level 184.108.40.206 Read number4.1.3 Jack vehicle up until 4.4.4 Remove car jack (PSI) on the stick that slid 220.127.116.11 Repeat step 6 the driver’s side tires no and wheel blocks out from the other end with three other tires.longer touch the ground of the gauge.4.1.4 Secure vehicle with stationary jack stands under secure points on the metal frame
Pat yourself on the back and tuck your money away for spending on yourself!