Articles of Confederation Day 1Presentation Transcript
Post-War Problems Britain still occupies forts in West Loyalist lands Spain closes Mississippi River at present day New Orleans Huge debts
States Constitutions By 1780, most states adopted written constitutions Constitution: A plan of government States did not want to give up sovereignty Sovereignty: not surrendering power to federal government *Revolution made states work together but people still felt their state was their country
America’s First Constitution 1777 – Congress created the Articles of Confederation Each state had to ratify this document 12 states accept; Maryland refuses 1781- all states ratify Created national government with single body (Congress) Unicameral Formed a very weak central government. - One legislature, with little power. (Congress) - No judiciary (national court system) - No executive branch (president)
Powers of The Articles of Confederation Each state has one vote States controlled taxes and law enforcement States had more power than national government Congress could wage war make treaties handle foreign affairs regulate trade with Indians set up Post Office borrow money print money
Why a Weak Government? Parliament and the King were strong The colonies had rid themselves of such a government. An executive reminded them of a King, so no deal.
Achievements Treaty of Paris 1783 Land Ordinance of 1785: set up system for settling the North West Territory territory would be surveyed and divided into townships Land broken down into townships, then sections Sections sold to settlers for about $1 per acre
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Provided a way to admit new states Requirements for new states 60,000 free inhabitants - settlers could write a state constitution which then had to be approved by Congress Outlawed slavery, freedom of religion, freedom of speech 5 states created – Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin
Review What were the Articles of Confederation? When were the Articles ratified? Why did it take more than four years to ratify the Articles of Confederation? What powers did the Articles of Confederation have? What is the Land Ordinance of 1785? What is the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?