• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Black identity development
 

Black identity development

on

  • 974 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
974
Views on SlideShare
974
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Black identity development Black identity development Presentation Transcript

    • Black IdentityDevelopment Diverse Realities Seminar Cashain David
    • Why is this important ?  Gives a framework for understanding of responses and presentations  Acknowledges the impact of racism and discrimination  Help referrers to make more appropriate referrals to services  Assists commissioners to understand and value a wide spectrum of services
    • William Cross  A clinical psychologist practicing in the USA  Aim – to explain the need for psychological liberation under conditions of oppression  Central issues is IDENTITY and TRANSITION
    • Published..  Negro-to-Black conversion. 1971  Models of Nigrescence. 1980 (Nigrescence – from the French ‘the process of becoming Black’)  Shades of Black. 1991  His work has been modified and adapted to the British context by Dr June Farrell
    • Development of identity  AUTOMATIC  DISCOVERY  ‘socialisation’  ‘encounter’  Early childhood  ‘the process of  Adolescence becoming black’  adulthood  ‘nigrescence’
    • Stages in Black identitydevelopment  Pre-encounter  Encounter  Immersion – Emersion  Internalisation
    • Pre-encounter ‘.. When I was three years old, I didn’t know I was Black …’ Cashain David  Neutral – black as a fact  Social stigma – something to be negotiated  Anti Black – black is bad, victim blaming  Spotlight or Race Image Anxiety  Assimilationist - Integration
    • Encounter  Events which catch a person off guard  Shattering of world view 1. Experiencing the encounter – observer 2. Personalising the encounter – being changed by it
    • Immersion  Immersion – enveloped in a sea of blackness  ‘Blacker-than-thou ‘ syndrome  Classifies others into neat categories  Anger @ white people and culture  Pride in one’s black people/culture  Guilt @ being tricked by whites  DANGER of getting STUCK !!
    • Emersion  Emersion – a levelling off of more extreme feelings of all white is bad  a need to escape from a rigid format of ‘blackness’  Some black is good  Some White is good
    • Internalisation  Characterised by being more level- headed, calmer,  Reduced anxiety about being the right sort of Black person  Black pride develops into Black self- acceptance
    • The cycle of nigrescence  Nigrescence thought of as a ‘one time’ event  Thomas Parnham suggested that there may be ‘recycling’ through some of the stages in various parts of the life cycle.  This assists in meeting the challenges that are presented as part of adolescence, adult hood, middle age, late adulthood