Students with Special Needs and Assistive Technology By Ms. Casey Gruca ilwig.net
Students with Special Needs
Students with disabilities are entitled to extra services related to their needs.
This includes supplementary aids such as preferential seating, access to computers and instructional adjustments.
All students who qualify as needing special education are provided the necessary services by the public schools at no cost.
Students with Special Needs (cont.)
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) -a provision in the federal law that guarantees a student's right to be educated as close as possible to the setting as that of their peers.
Inclusive Practices -belief that students with disabilities should be fully integrated into the general education community.
Individual Educational Plan(IEP)-written, specialized education plans for students who qualify for special education.
Services for Students with Special Needs
Services offered to students who qualify for Special Education.
IEPs (with adjusted lesson plans)
Assistance from Paraprofessionals
What to Do If You Think a Students Needs Special Services...
(1)Identify students with special needs to seek input from colleagues.
(2)Contribute to discussions of students as a member of an intervention assistance team.
(3)Collaborate with parents regarding students strengths and needs.
(4)Participate in writing IEPs as a member of the multidisciplinary team.
(5)Implement strategies and activities as part of a response to intervention (RtI) procedure.
Assistive (or Adaptive) Technology (AT) -assistive, adaptive, or rehabilitive devices for those with disabilities.
Technology from low to high-tech can promote participation, but they are often unutilized.
Using Technology uwf.edu
Categories of AT Devices Category Function Examples Mobility and Positioning ensure comfortable and effective sitting, standing,etc Wheel chair, Walker, Stander, Cushion Sensory Tools assist the blind, visually impaired or hearing impaired Hearing aids, FM systems, Eyeglasses, etc. Daily Living Tools Increase independence for living skills Adapted eating utensils, Buttoner, Magnifier Environmental Tools Assist with manipulation of environment Electronic systems for lights, appliances, tv, etc. Instructional Tools Assist in education of an individual Overhead, Audiotape player, Internet technology, etc. Computer Access Assist people with using the computer Adapted keyboards, mice, and switches Alternative and Augmentative Communication Tools Assist those with speech difficulties Speech synthesizers, text-to-speech software, etc. Motivational Tools Promote participation Adapted sports equipment, prosthetics, Large print or Braille
6 Steps to Decide Proper AT for a Student:
(1)Collect child and family information
(2)Evaluate what is preventing the student from participating in class activities
(3)How can you measure the change in participation levels?
(4)Brainstorm some AT solutions to increase participation
(5)Implement the AT and record observations
(6)Analyze what technologies worked or did not work
* Same steps can be used to develop IEPs or make any adjustments for a students with special needs.
Family Center on Technology and Disability
KITE Project, Pacer Center
Friend, M. and Bursuck, W. Including Students with Special Needs 5th ed. Pearson 2009.
Cennamo, K., Ross, J. and Ertmer, P. Technology Integration for Meaningful Classroom Use , Wadsworth 2010.