Causes of WW2

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Causes of WW2

  1. 1. Have you ever engaged in appeasement?
  2. 2.  March 1936  Hitler militarizes Rhineland, the demilitarized buffer zone bordering both France and Germany
  3. 3.  March 1938 – Hitler annexes Austria (Anschluss)  Anschluss = Union (Germany & Austria) quot;Do you agree with the reunification of Austria with the German Empire that was enacted on 13 March 1938, and do you vote for the party of our leader Adolf Hitler?quot;
  4. 4.  September 1938 – Hitler demanded Sudetenland (a mostly German area in Czechoslovakia) be given to Germany.  He says that’s all he wants… No more expansion… Honest.
  5. 5. Germany has violated the terms of the Versailles agreement by building up Germany’s military and expanding its territory. Is anyone concerned about this?
  6. 6. Munich Conference - September 29, 1938  Great Britain, German, Italy, France agree Germany can have Sudeten.  Germany will respect new Czech borders
  7. 7. Why Appeasement? Why would England and France let Hitler get away with remilitarizing and expanding Germany’s territory? • Fear of war • Military unprepared for war • Guilt over Versailles Treaty • Trust in Hitler • Other reasons?
  8. 8. •Militarizes Rhineland, 1936 •Anschluss with Austria, March 1938 •Annexes Sudetenland, Sept 1938 •Invades Czechoslovakia, March 1939
  9. 9.  Rome-Berlin Axis October 1936 • “The axis around which Europe rotates”  Steel Pact, May 1939  Formalized Rome-Berlin Axis with military agreement
  10. 10. •August 1939 •Hitler and Stalin pledged not to attack one another •Secret pact to divide Poland
  11. 11.  September 27, 1940  Japan, Germany, Italy  Agreed to provide military assistance to one another.  Recognized spheres of influence.  Gives Germany and Italy control of Europe  Gives Japan control of Asia
  12. 12.  Neutrality Acts of 1935  Prohibits export of arms to “belligerent countries”  Pursued policy of Isolationism
  13. 13.  Germany – We know about  Italy  Invades Ethiopia, 1935  Invades Albania, April 1939  Japan  Invades Manchuria, 1931  Invades mainland China, 1937  Soviet Union  Invades Eastern Poland, 1939  Invades Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland 1939
  14. 14.  Sept. 1, 1939 – Hitler invades Poland  Sept 3, 1939 – France and Great Britain declare war on Germany
  15. 15. Germany’s Battle Tactic Blitzkrieg – “lightning war” • Overwhelming offensive force  Fast-moving aircraft –  Luftwaffe – German Airforce  Armored tanks –  Panzer tank  Surprise •Very successful – Poland was defeated within one month
  16. 16.  British and French station troops along the Maginot Line.  German troops waited on the other side. ….. And everybody waited …. And waited Phony War (Sitzkrieg)
  17. 17.  Write what you think are TWO causes of World War 2.  After the Phony War, World War 2 will begin in earnest.  Battle Projects  Name 4 or 5 people you would like to work with in a group.

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