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  • Thank you for joining us for this briefing. NEI in conjunction with our member companies have been striving to provide timely information that is as accurate as possible during the Japanese nuclear accident at Fukushima Daiichi. We have received information from Tokyo Electric Power Company (the owner of the affected units), the Japan Atomic Industrial Forum which is our sister agency in Japan, the Japan Electric Association, the US Department of Energy and US Nuclear Regulatory Commission along with other companies and organizations. In addition, the Institute for Nuclear Power Operations which is an internal industry oversight organization through the World Association of Nuclear Operators, has been working to obtain specific technical information and lessons learned from the Fukushima site to ensure the U.S. nuclear plants will have access to the information from the events and can develop lessons learned as quickly as possible. We cannot say enough about the courage and determination of the personnel working at the Fukushima Daiichi site. They may not know the status of their homes and families after the devastation caused by the earthquake and tsunami, but remain focused on their jobs to protect the health and safety of the public. Our thoughts and prayers are with them and all of the people of Japan affected by these events. Our industry is helping with technical support, supplies and equipment as requested by the Japanese.
  • 6 Units 1-4 on the left, 5 and 6 on the right in the northeast corner of the slide. All boiling water reactors. Units 1-3 were operating and units 4-6 were already shut-down for maintenance and refueling outages.
  • BWR design used for all of the plants at Fukushima Daiichi site. Primary containment – where the reactor is located, pressure vessel, release pressure through controlled venting and circulate water to cool the fuel Secondary containment – not a pressure vessel (has blow-out panels to direct impact away from the primary containment), houses the spent fuel pool
  • Voluntary initiative led by INPO We support President’s call for comprehensive review and we will take action as the lessons learned dictate Continuous learning from events
  • Transcript

    • 1. Japanese Nuclear Accident And U.S. Response March 23, 2011
    • 2. Nuclear Energy in Japan
      • 54 operating nuclear reactors (49 gigawatts)
      • Two nuclear plants under construction
      • Tokyo Electric Power Co. produces 27% of Japan’s electricity
      • 12,000 MW of nuclear energy capacity shut down
    • 3. Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Before the Accident Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Units 5, 6 At the time of the earthquake Reactors 1, 2 and 3 operating Reactors 4, 5 and 6 shutdown for maintenance, inspection, refueling
    • 4. Status of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant
      • Unit 1 Hydrogen explosion, fuel damage, seawater cooling the reactor vessel, status of spent fuel pool unclear
      • Unit 2 Fuel damage, seawater cooling the reactor vessel, cooling water restored to spent fuel pool
      • Unit 3 Hydrogen explosion, fuel damage, seawater cooling the reactor vessel, water sprayed into spent fuel pool
      • Unit 4 Reactor core offloaded, fire and possible hydrogen explosion, damage to spent fuel in fuel pool
      • Units 5 and 6 Stable with power and cooling water circulation restored
    • 5. Boiling Water Reactor Design Spent Fuel Pool Reactor Vessel Suppression Pool (Torus) Primary Containment Steel Containment Vessel Secondary Containment Area of Explosion at Fukushima Daiichi Units 1 and 3 Seawater Is Being Pumped Into Reactor Vessels at Units 1, 2 and 3 Boiling Water Reactor Design At Fukushima Daiichi
    • 6. U.S. Nuclear Plants Are Safe
      • “ Our nuclear power plants have undergone exhaustive study, and have been declared safe for any number of extreme contingencies. ”
        • President Barack Obama
        • March 17, 2011
      • “ All the plants in the United States are designed to deal with a wide range of natural disasters, whether it’s earthquakes, tornados, tsunamis, other seismic events. We require all of them to deal with those.”
        • NRC Chairman Gregory Jaczko
        • March 17, 2011
    • 7. Radiological Safety in the U.S.
      • “ Radiation monitors confirm that no radiation levels of concern have reached the united states”
        • Joint EPA/DOE statement, March 18, 2011
      • “ Given the thousands of miles between the two countries, Hawaii, Alaska, the U.S. Territories and the U.S. West Coast are not expected to experience any harmful levels of radioactivity.”
        • NRC press release, March 13, 2011
      • “ At this time, CDC does not recommend that people in the United States take KI or iodine supplements in response to the nuclear power plant explosions in Japan”
        • Center for Disease Control website, March 21, 2011
    • 8. Emergency Planning for U.S. Nuclear Energy Facilities
      • 10-mile emergency planning zone (evacuation or sheltering); 50-mile monitoring zone for environment and food.
      • Radiation monitoring by plant site, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and state and local personnel from the site and surrounding areas
      • Decisions on public precautionary measures made by state or local authorities based on recommendations from plant operator and NRC
      • Emergency plan exercises in coordination with state, local, and federal officials, evaluated by the NRC and FEMA
    • 9.  
    • 10. Protection of Plant Workers
      • All plants have extensive radiation detection and monitoring capabilities
      • Protecting workers is the highest priority
      • Procedures in place to govern work practices and limit radiation exposure
      • Workers receive extensive training on radiation safety and emergency responsibilities
    • 11. U.S. Nuclear Power Plants Prepared for Extreme Events
      • Maximum credible earthquakes and floods
      • Loss of off-site power and on-site power
      • Hydrogen generation as a result of fuel damage during loss-of-coolant accidents
      • Post 9/11: aircraft impact, loss of large areas of the plant
      • Industry preparation, training, etc. exceed NRC requirements
      • U.S. industry has long history of continuous learning
    • 12. U.S. Industry Taking Steps to Ensure Safety at Nuclear Power Plants
      • Nuclear energy industry will take short-term and long-term actions
      • Short-term: Verify readiness to manage extreme events
      • Long-term:
        • Careful analysis of Japanese accident and how reactors, systems, structures, components, fuel and operators performed
        • Incorporate lessons learned into U.S. reactor designs and operating practices
    • 13. Short-Term Industry Actions to Ensure Safety
      • Verify each plant's capability to manage major challenges, such as aircraft impacts, loss of large areas of plant due to natural events, fires or explosions
      • Verify each plant's capability to manage loss of off-site power
      • Verify capability to mitigate flooding and the impact of floods on systems inside and outside the plant
      • Perform walk-downs and inspection of important equipment needed to respond to extreme events
    • 14. Reaction in United States
      • NRC will conduct comprehensive review of all U.S. nuclear power plants to ensure safety
      • Measured response from political and policy community
        • Focused on learning, applying lessons
      • Likely increased attention to U.S. used fuel management policy
        • Centralized interim storage a strategic priority
      • Little visible impact on new nuclear plant development
    • 15. Information Sources
      • Nuclear Energy Institute ( )
      • U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission ( )
      • U.S. Department of Energy ( )
      • International Atomic Energy Agency ( )
      • American Nuclear Society ( )
      • Health Physics Society ( )
      • Japanese Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency ( )
      • Japan Atomic Industrial Forum ( )
      • Tokyo Electric Power Company ( )