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the perspective of technology education.

the perspective of technology education.

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  • (Show 1 st bullet) Guidelines are specific requirements or enablers that identify what needs to be done in order to meet a standard – guidelines enable users to meet the standards. The goal is to meet all of the standards in each chapter through the guidelines. [Read remainder of slide]

Japan symposium08 Japan symposium08 Presentation Transcript

  • The Perspective of Technology EducationThe Second International Symposium on Educational Cooperation for Industrial Technology Education Kariya City, Japan
  • Presenter: William E. Dugger, Jr. Senior FellowInternational Technology Education Association (ITEA) & Emeritus Professor Virginia Tech USA
  • The Study of Technology Many countries in the world have been and are now implementing the study of technology.
  • In the United States as well as in other countries, there is confusion about the term “technology.”
  • In 2001 and 2004, The International TechnologyEducation Association (ITEA) conducted polls which were done by the Gallup Organization on how Americans think about technology.
  • In both polls, a majority ofAmericans (62% in 2004 and59% in 2001) responded thatscience and technology arebasically one and the same thing.
  • When asked how importantit is for high school students to understand therelationship between science and technology, 98% of the Americans stated that they thought that this was “very or somewhat important”.
  • Most Americans (68% in 2004 & 67% in 2001) view technology very narrowly as beingcomputers, electronics, and the internet.
  • There was near total consensus (98% in 2004 & 97% in 2001) in the publicsampled that schools should include the study oftechnology in the curriculum.
  • What is S cience? What is Technology?
  • S cience seeks tounderstand the natural world. Nat io na l Sc ie nc e Ed uc at io n St a nd a r d s , Na io a R s a c t n l eer h
  • What is Technology? It is the innovation, change, or modification of the natural environment in order to satisfy perceived human wants and needs. (Standards for Technological Literacy, ITEA, 2000) The goal of technology is to make modifications in the world to meet human needs. (National Science Education Standards, NRC, 1996)
  • What is Technology ? (Continued) In the broadest sense, technology extends our abilities to change the world: to cut, shape, or put together materials; to move things from one place to another; to reach farther with our hands, voices, and senses. (Benchmarks for Science Literacy, AAAS, 1993) Technology is the process by which humans modify nature to meet their needs and wants. (Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology, NAE/ NRC, 2002)
  • Science vs. Technology Deals with the natural  Deals with how humans world. modify, change, alter, or control the natural world. Is very concerned with  Is very concerned with what what is (exists) in the can or should be designed, natural world. (i.e.: made, or developed from Biology, Chemistry, natural world materials and Physics, Astronomy, substances to satisfy human needs and wants Geology, etc.)
  • Science vs. Technology (Continued) Is concerned with  Is concerned with processes that seek such processes that out the meaning of we use to the natural world by alter/change the “inquiry”, natural world such as “discovering what “Invention”, is”, “exploring”, and Innovation”, using “the Scientific Practical Problem Method”. Solving, and Design.
  • While technology and sciencehave a common denominatorbeing the natural world, theyare similar yet very different. Technology is not any more “applied science” than science is “applied technology”.
  • Techno-Science
  • Technology Education This is the school subject specifically designed to teach children about the broad field of technology.
  • Technology Education (the study of technology) should NOT be confused with Information Technology or Educational (or instructional) Technology!
  • So what is“Technological Literacy?”
  • Technological literacy is the ability to use, manage, evaluate, and understand technology. Technology Literacy for All: A Rationale and S tudy for the S tudy of Technology (2006)
  • Who is a technologically literate person?On t a u d r t n s e h t n e sa d : Wh tt c n l g is a ehoo y Ho t c n l g isc e t d w eh oo y r ae Ho t eu eo t c n l g s a e w h s f e h o o y h ps s c t a dint r , o ie y n un Ho s c t s a e t ed v l p e to w o ie y h p s h e e o m n f tc n l g ehoo y Ap r o w oisc m o t b ew ha d es n h o f r a l it n o j c iv a o t h u eo t c n l g be t e b u t e s f e h o o y – n it e s a e o it o in a u t d e h r c r d f n r ftae w hit it .
  • Technological literacy involves:Much more than a knowledgeabout computers and digitalelectronics. Gaining a degree of knowledgeabout the nature, behavior, power,and consequences of technologyfrom a real world perspective.
  • There is a growing movement inthe U. S. to teach the integrativesubjects of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM).
  • So how do we educate our citizens to be ? technologically literate? ? ? ? ? ? ?
  • What Content should be taught in the study of technology that will provide technologicalliteracy for all students?
  • St a nd a r d sf orT e c hno l o g ic al Lit e r a c y( ST L) ( I T EA,2000,2002/ 2007) p e e t rsnst ec n e t o h o tn f rw a eey h t vrsu e t h ud td n s o lk o a db a l n w n e be w w ec n e t w .it a o n c .t d ino d rt o o re o og r
  • Standards STL Standards are twenty written statements about what is valued that can be used for making a judgment of quality. Standards represent fundamental concepts. The goal is to meet all of the standards in Grades K-12. STL Standards were written around five major organizers or categories.
  • Nature of Technology Students will develop an understanding of the characteristics and scope of technology. Students will develop an understanding of the core concepts of technology. Students will develop an understanding of the relationships among technologies and the connection between technology and other fields of study.
  • Technology and Society Students will develop an understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political effects of technology. Students will develop an understanding of the effects of technology on the environment. Students will develop an understanding of the role of society in the development and use of technology. Students will develop an understanding of the influence of technology on history.
  • Design Students will develop an understanding of the attributes of design. Students will develop an understanding of engineering design. Students will develop an understanding of the role of troubleshooting, research and development, invention and innovation, and experimentation in problem solving.
  • Abilities for a Technological World Students will develop the abilities to apply the design process. Students will develop the abilities to use and maintain technological products and systems. Students will develop the abilities to assess the impact of products and systems.
  • The Designed World Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use medical technologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use agricultural and related biotechnologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use energy and power technologies.
  • The Designed World (Cont.) Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use information and communication technologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use transportation technologies.
  • The Designed World (Cont.) Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use manufacturing technologies. Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use construction technologies.
  • BenchmarksBenchmarks in STL are specific requirements or enablers for each grade level (K-2, 3-5, 6-8, & 9-12) that identify what needs to be done in order to meet a given standard.
  • A Sample Standard & Benchmark Standard 11:Students will develop abilities to apply a design process.Grades K-2 Benchmark in Standard 11: Build or construct an object using a design process.
  • In conclusion… The power and promise of technology can be further enhanced through the study of technology to assure that allpeople are technologically literate in the future.
  • Thank You! William E. Dugger, Jr. Senior Fellow and Former Director Technology for All Americans ProjectInternational Technology Education Association wdugger@iteaconnect.org
  • A copy of this presentation can be downloaded by going to:http://www.iteaconnect.org/Resources/ PressRoom/JapanSymposium08.ppt