Republic of the Philippines(Formerly Eulogio ‘Amang’ Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology) Nagtahan, Sampaloc, Manila 1008 COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES Proposed Class Monitoring System using Surveillance Camera for CAS, ESC Presented by: Raymart A. Aborque Rodolfo B. Delorino Joemary A. Olanka Mark Bryan F. Ramirez Ron Nikko T. Socorro
CHAPTER 1Introduction Monitoring is the regular observation and recording of activities taking place in aproject or programmed. It is a process of routinely gathering information on all aspectsof the project, supervising activities in progress to ensure they are on-course and on-schedule in meeting the objectives and performance targets. To monitor is to check onhow project activities are progressing. It is observation; ─ systematic and purposefulobservation. Monitoring also involves giving feedback about the progress of the project to thedonors, implementers and beneficiaries of the project. Reporting enables the gatheredinformation to be used in making decisions for improving project performance. Toobserve, supervise, or keep under review; to measure or test at intervals,especially for the purpose of regulation or control, or to check or regulate the technicalquality of something. On the other hand, Surveillance is a process of close monitoring of behavior.Ongoing close observation and collection of data or evidence, for a specified purpose orconfined to a narrow sector. In comparison, environmental scanning is broad andincludes all associated external factors.
"Sur-Veillance" is French for to "watch from above". Note the all seeing "eye-in-the-sky" in this London Transport poster. Although the word surveillance literally means(in French) "to watch from above" (i.e. a Gods-eye view looking down from on-high) theterm is often used for all forms of observation, not just visual observation. However, theall-seeing eye-in-the-sky is still an icon of surveillance in general. It is commonly used todescribe observation from a distance by means of electronic equipment or othertechnological means. Surveillance is the art of watching over the activities of persons or groups from aposition of higher authority. Surveillance may be covert (without their knowledge) orovert (perhaps with frequent reminders such as "we are watching over you").Surveillance has been an intrinsic part of human history. Sun Tzus The Art of War,written 2,500 years ago, discusses how spies should be used against a personsenemies. But modern electronic and computer technology have given surveillance awhole new means of operation. Surveillance can be automated using computers, andpeople leave extensive records that describe their activities. Counter surveillance is the practice of avoiding surveillance or making it difficult.Before computer networks, counter surveillance involved avoiding agents andcommunicating secretly. With recent development of the Internet and computerdatabases counter surveillance has grown. Now counter surveillance involveseverything from knowing how to delete a file on a computer to avoiding becoming thetarget of direct advertising agencies.
Inverse surveillance is the practice of reversalism on surveillance, e.g. citizensphotographing police, shoppers photographing shopkeepers, and passengersphotographing cab drivers who usually have surveillance cameras in their cabs. A well-known example is George Halidays recording of the Rodney King beating. Inversesurveillance attempts to subvert the panoptic gaze of surveillance, and often attempts tosubvert the secrecy of surveillance through making the inverse surveillance recordingswidely available (in contrast to the usually secret surveillance tapes).
Background of the Study CCTV was first utilized by the United States Military in the 1940s. Closed circuitcameras were set up during the testing of the V2 missile in order to safely monitor thetests. By using CCTV, officials were able to monitor the testing at close range withoutdanger, watching out for defects and other problems that might have otherwise goneundetected. In the 1960s, officials in the UK began installing CCTV systems in public placesto monitor crowds during rallies and appearances of public figures. Installation ofcameras became more popular, both in public spaces and retail stores, as thetechnology developed. Today in Britain, CCTV cameras monitor roads, sidewalks andsquares in city centers, public rail stations and buses, as well as in retail shops andother businesses. In 1996, government spending on CCTV technology accounted forthree quarters of the crime prevention budget in the UK. In the United States, the first CCTV system set up in a public building was in1969 in the New York City Municipal building. This practice quickly spread to other citiesand was soon widely implemented. Unlike the UK, CCTV in public spaces in the UnitedStates is rarely used. However, in the 1970s and 80s, CCTV use became morecommon in establishments prone to security threats, like banks, convenience stores,and gas stations. Security cameras were installed in the World Trade Center as apreventative after the terrorist attack in 1993. By the mid-90s, ATMs across the countrywere commonly equipped with CCTV cameras, and many retail stores used CCTV toprevent theft.
Personal use of CCTV technology has become more widespread as thetechnology has become much easier to acquire. Many utilize CCTV systems in theirown homes to catch cheating spouses, or to monitor the care of their children in"Nannycams."
Conceptual Framework Output Input Process Proposed Class Video Footages taken Gathering and Monitoring System at a certain room recording of taken using CCTV Camera provided by the CCTV videos. at CAS, ESC Manila. camera. FeedbackFigure 1.1 The Input – Process – Output Diagram that shows the flow of data and footages from each of the rooms in CAS and how it processes.
Statement of the Problem 1. What the said Monitoring System may contribute and how will it meet the College’ needs particularly to: a. Security and Awareness, b. Attendance Checking, and c. Classroom Surveillance? 2. How this Class Monitoring System can be operated by the user in terms of: a. Accessibility, b. User Friendliness, and c. User Interface?Assumption The researchers assumed that this study is much of need in each of theclassrooms in College of Arts and Sciences in order to keep orderliness in a certainroom that when observed, armchairs were in an improper arrangement and theclassrooms left unclean. In CAS Department, they used to check each of the roomsmanually to ensure if every professor is attending their classes. Instead of walking alongcorridors, it will be a much of help for the checkers find out every professors’ behavior,and it will be easy for them to record as well as their attendance.
Significance of the Study Monitoring provides information that will be useful in: • Analyzing the situation in the community and its project; • Determining whether the inputs in the project are well utilized; • Identifying problems facing the community or project and finding solutions; • Ensuring all activities are carried out properly by the right people and in time; • Using lessons from one project experience on to another; and • Determining whether the way the project was planned is the most appropriate way of solving the problem at hand.Scope and Limitation The study is limited to College of Arts and Sciences’ classroom’s including allstudents, professors and employees of the said college. Mainly, the study was focused on monitoring and checking of each room as wellas the security of CAS at ESC, Manila. The system can also provide the attendance ofthe professor whether he/she is in or not.
Definition of TermsMonitoring – the act of observing something (and sometimes keeping a record of it).Camera – equipment for taking photographs.Surveillance Camera – "Surveillance" comes from a French word that means "to watch over;" camera surveillance uses photography to watch over people inpublic spaces.CCTV – Closed-circuit television (CCTV) is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specificplace.