The first news that we have of it goes back to the 8th century AC in the north of India. Surely it was introduced in the West by the Romans.
The documentation says that its sound captivated the emperor Nerón (37-68)
The chanter is the part of the pipes that actually produces the melody notes. Covering up or uncovering a hole with a finger one produces a different note.
It is the part where the player fills the bag. It´s like a mouthpiece.
The drones are responsible for the characteristic low "humming" sound that emanates from the pipes.
Bag (Fol in Galicia):
It´s the part of the bagpipe
that is continuously filled with air. Once the bag is filled, the player must squeeze air out of the bag (using his arm).
Bagpipes in the Middle Ages
In Roman archaeological sites statues of bagpipers suggest that were the Romans who introduced the bagpipe in Spain.
In the early part of the second millennium, bagpipes appear in European art and iconography. For example in “Cantigas de Santa Maria”
FAMOUS BAGPIPERS Avelino Cachafeiro
FAMOUS BAGPIPERS Carlos Nuñez
Jigs and Bulls
Secondary Woodwinds REQUINTA, OCARINA PITO DE PARAGÜERO
It is a type of Galician transverse flute.
It was born like an accompaning instrument. It is used in traditional music with bagpipes,bass drum and tamboril.
At first it was made of bone and wood (elder) . After it was made of boxwood , and nowdays it can be of tropical wood like:Rosewood, “palo santo” or “granadino”because they are more resistent to humidity conditions.
It is divided in five sections . The first section contains the mouth piece and the junction of the top part to main body and the bottom part has one key to play cromatic notes.
In this page there is an example about “ requinta”. The group is formed by requinta, two different drums (“pandero” and tamboril) and bagpipe.
“ PITO OR CHIFRE”
It is like a flute.
It has three holes and it is also played in other provinces of Spain.
It´s made of plastic and others materials.
Knife sharpeners ( person who repairs knives and umbrellas) use these instruments to indicate their presence .
Other names are “chifla” or “miniflauta”. The appearance is like a sirinx
It´s a little wind instrument.It´s made of different materials:
It hasn´t got any keys and it could have from 2 to 12 holes. The holes could be double and triple for the cromatic notes.
Timbre depends on the instrument size.
thanks for your attention By: Edgar Domínguez Pérez and Josué Amado Pérez (2º ESO C y 4º PDC) IES San Tome do Freixeiro
Irene Núñez Mariño Gabriel Costas 2º E.S.O C 4 PDC