Modern cartography

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Presentació realitzada a l'ICC (27/09/2013) en el marc de la conferència magistral, a càrrec del Prof. Georg Gartner, president de l'Associació Cartogràfica Internacional (ICA/ACI)

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Modern cartography

  1. 1. Research Group  Cartographyg p y Modern CartographyModern Cartography Georg GartnerGeorg Gartner Barcelona 2013
  2. 2. Cartography? Is that still around?Cartography? Is that still around?
  3. 3. Cartography?Cartography? maps are perfect interfaces between  geoinformation and human users
  4. 4. Cartography?Cartography? maps are perfect interfaces between  geoinformation and human users
  5. 5. Cartography?Cartography? maps are perfect interfaces between  geoinformation and human users maps are efficient systems to structure and orderp y information by spatial component
  6. 6. Cartography?Cartography?
  7. 7. Cartography?Cartography? cartography is about efficient communication of  spatial information
  8. 8. Cartography?Cartography? efficient communication of spatial information to answer space‐related questions
  9. 9. Cartography?Cartography? efficient communication of spatial information to answer space‐related questions support spatial behaviourpp p
  10. 10. Cartography?Cartography? efficient communication of spatial information to answer space‐related questions support spatial behaviourpp p enable spatial problem solving (reasoning planning)(reasoning, planning)
  11. 11. Cartography?Cartography? efficient communication of spatial information to answer space‐related questions support spatial behaviourpp p enable spatial problem solving support spatial awarenesssupport spatial awareness
  12. 12. Cartography?Cartography? efficient communication of spatial information to answer space‐related questions support spatial behaviourpp p enable spatial problem solving support spatial awarenesssupport spatial awareness by creation and use of maps anytime anywherecreation and use of maps anytime, anywhere
  13. 13. Modern Cartography?Modern Cartography? creation and use of maps anytime, anywhere  real‐time  ubiquitous  media‐adequateq  personalised  designed designed
  14. 14. Research Group Cartography Data acquisition and SensorsData acquisition and Sensors Rapid Mapping, Real‐Time Cartography
  15. 15. Research Group Cartography Data acquisition and SensorsData acquisition and Sensors automated map derivation
  16. 16. Research Group Cartography Data acquisition and SensorsData acquisition and Sensors Crowd Sourcing
  17. 17. Research Group Cartography Data acquisition and SensorsData acquisition and Sensors Crowd Sourcing
  18. 18. Research Group Cartography Crowd Sourcing
  19. 19. Collaborative Cartography Archäologie im Crowdsourcing-Ansatz, http://exploration.nationalgeographic.com/mongolia/ (via http://irevolution.net)
  20. 20. User-defined collaborative cartography www.geocommons.com
  21. 21. Grassroot Mapping Initiative zum Erzeugen eigenen Kartenmaterials, z.B. bei Demonstrationen, Umweltverschmutzungen, etc, http://grassrootsmapping.org/ (via http://oe1 orf at/programm/281248) U a auch http://wiki openstreetmap org/wiki/User:Balrog/Aerial Imagery(via http://oe1.orf.at/programm/281248). U.a. auch http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/User:Balrog/Aerial_Imagery
  22. 22. BaseMaps z.B. mit CloudMade, Google Maps API v3 oder stepmap.de (Abb.: http://scribblemaps.com, http://maps.cloudmade.com) Nachteil: Gestaltung lesbarer und für den Anwendungszweck sinnvoller Grundlagenkarten ist eine komplexe AufgabeNachteil: Gestaltung lesbarer und für den Anwendungszweck sinnvoller Grundlagenkarten ist eine komplexe Aufgabe
  23. 23. Research Group Cartography Data handlingData handling Pipes Clouds Real‐Time Streaming
  24. 24. Real-Time Cartography (Live Trains)
  25. 25. Research Group Cartography Earth Viewer and Carto Search Engines
  26. 26. Research Group Cartography Mashups 
  27. 27. Remaining Challenges.. Schlechte Lesbarkeit aufgrund fehlendem oder mangelhaftem Clustering, z.B. http://www.savethepostoffice.com/raoi-closing-map Cl i T l i d i l il h d All di f hl h hi h Cl i Lö ( B b i d f G )Clustering-Tools sind mittlerweile vorhanden. Allerdings fehlen noch gute geographische Clustering-Lösungen (z.B. basierend auf Grenzen)
  28. 28. Research Group Cartography /Location Based Services / Mobile Apps
  29. 29. Research Group Cartography Ubiquitous Computing
  30. 30. Research Group Cartography 3D Modelling
  31. 31. Research Group Cartography Geo Media techniques
  32. 32. Research Group Cartography Big Data
  33. 33. Research Group Cartography Geo data infrastructure
  34. 34. Research Group Cartography Cartography in the inf & comm area function of maps: Artefact  decreasing
  35. 35. Research Group Cartography Cartography in the inf & comm area function of maps: Interface    increasing
  36. 36. Research Group Cartography Cartography in the inf & comm area function of maps: Metapher
  37. 37. Research Group Cartography Implication Visualisation Efficient way of communication
  38. 38. Research Group Cartography Implikation User centered User dependent content and design  Personalisation Adaptivity Personalisation, Adaptivity
  39. 39. Research Group Cartography Implication Media adequate Media adequate designMedia adequate design
  40. 40. Research Group Cartography Implication Cartographic Dogma Balance of scale and perceptivityBalance of scale and perceptivity
  41. 41. Research Group Cartography Implication Cartographic Modelling Cartographic Modelling by applying the constraintsCartographic Modelling by applying the constraints 
  42. 42. Research Group Cartography Implication Cartographic Modelling Optimisation/Formalisation of syntax of 2D GraphicsOptimisation/Formalisation of syntax of 2D Graphics
  43. 43. Research Group Cartography Implication Cartographic Modelling Optimisation/Formalisation of the semantic dimensionOptimisation/Formalisation of the semantic dimension
  44. 44. Research Group Cartography Implication Cross Media Derivation of presentation models in various mediaDerivation of presentation models in various media
  45. 45. Modern Cartography? Three Assumptions: 1 Cartography is relevant1. Cartography is relevant 2. Cartography is attractive 3 C t h i d3. Cartography is modern
  46. 46. General Trends Cartography is relevant United Nations  Global Geospatial Information ManagementGlobal Geospatial Information Management  (UN‐GGIM)
  47. 47. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐GGIM Inventory of Issues Promote Geospatial Ad ocac and A arenessPromote Geospatial Advocacy and Awareness from data‐centric ‘provider’ focus to a spatially  enabled ‘ ser’ foc s b go ernment and ci il societenabled ‘user’ focus by government and civil society
  48. 48. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐GGIM Inventory of Issues Embracing Trends in Information TechnologEmbracing Trends in Information Technology open source, crowd sourcing, SOA, cloud, data as a  ser iceservice
  49. 49. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐GGIM Inventory of Issues Promoting data sharing accessibilit andPromoting data sharing, accessibility and  dissemination base set of reference and thematic data harmoni edbase set of reference and thematic data, harmonized    and free of charge
  50. 50. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐GGIM Inventory of Issues Ass ring the q alit of geospatial informationAssuring the quality of geospatial information articulate specific role Governments have in providing  q alit c rrent and a thoritati e national geospatialquality, current and authoritative national geospatial  information
  51. 51. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐GGIM Inventory of Issues Ass ring the q alit of geospatial informationAssuring the quality of geospatial information Recognize the value and the limitations, of the recent       emergence of cro d so rcing open street map andemergence of crowd sourcing, open street map, and  volunteer geographic information
  52. 52. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐GGIM Inventory of Issues Ass ring the q alit of geospatial informationAssuring the quality of geospatial information Consider the emerging use of modern mobile    applications and visualization techniques to communicate issues and solutions
  53. 53. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐Committee of Experts on GGIM Future Trends F t re direction of data creation maintenance andFuture direction of data creation, maintenance and  management real time ne methods (UAV) social mediareal‐time, new methods (UAV), social media
  54. 54. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐Committee of Experts on GGIM Future Trends Uses of geospatial dataUses of geospatial data ubiquitious use might lead to better decision‐making, require appropriate ethical standards
  55. 55. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐Committee of Experts on GGIM Future Trends Legal and Polic De elopmentLegal and Policy Development issues of increasing demand for free and open access privacy challenges legal status of national spatial data infrastructures 
  56. 56. General Trends Cartography is relevant UN‐Committee of Experts on GGIM Future Trends Skills req irements and training mechanismsSkills requirements and training mechanisms shift from a niche to wider populace 
  57. 57. Cartography is attractive API Popularity Google Maps 47% Flickr 11%Flickr 11% YouTube 9% Amazon 7% VirtualEarth 4% Ebay 4% 411Sync 3% YahooMaps 3% Del icio us 3%Del.icio.us 3% Yahoo 3%
  58. 58. Cartography is attractive
  59. 59. Cartography is modern
  60. 60. Research Group Cartography Strategies ‐ Education R h‐ Research ‐ Cooperationsp
  61. 61. EducationEducation International Masterprogramme „Cartography“ TU München, TU Wien, TU Dresden
  62. 62. International Master Cartography
  63. 63. LBSAugmented reality thematic mapping Visual Analytics MODERNMODERN  CARTOGRAPHY 3D, data analysis map and art data matchingmap perception maps in web 2.0 data matchingmap perception
  64. 64. Research Group Cartography Research ICA Research Agenda (www.icaci.org)ICA Research Agenda (www.icaci.org) Geographic Information M t d t d SDIMetadata and SDI Geospatial Analysis and Modelling Usability Geovisualisation Map Production Cartographic Theory History of Cartography and GI Science Education  Societyy
  65. 65. Research Group Cartography Research Areas for the next years What does a healthy development of modern cartography require?What does a healthy development of modern cartography require?
  66. 66. Research Group Cartography Research Areas for the next years Modern Cartography requires integrated interdisciplinaryModern Cartography requires integrated interdisciplinary approaches in  ‐ educationeducation ‐ research ‐ application development
  67. 67. Research Group Cartography Research Areas for the next years Modern Cartography requires integrated interdisciplinaryModern Cartography requires integrated interdisciplinary approaches of the domains of • CartographyCartography • Geoinformation sciences  • Computer sciences • Communication sciences • Human‐computer interaction and Cognitive sciences • Law and Business Sciences• Law and Business Sciences • Design and Art
  68. 68. Research Group Cartography Research Areas for the next years Modern Cartography requires integrated interdisciplinaryModern Cartography requires integrated interdisciplinary Approaches for user‐centered application developments  by applying engineering tools
  69. 69. International Cartographic AssociationInternational Cartographic Association
  70. 70. International Cartographic Association missionmission the world authorative body for cartographythe world authorative body for cartography and geoinformation science
  71. 71. International Cartographic Association missionmission world authority meansworld authority means national and affilate members represented at UN bodies and otherrepresented at UN bodies and other  international organisations
  72. 72. International Cartographic Association AimsAims Understanding and solve world wide problems using‐ Understanding and solve world‐wide problems using  cartography Informing about environmental economical social and‐ Informing about environmental, economical, social and  spatial information through mapping Promote professional methods techniques and‐ Promote professional methods, techniques and  solutions Global forum on cartography‐ Global forum on cartography ‐ ..
  73. 73. International Cartographic Association Instruments: PublicationsInstruments: Publications
  74. 74. International Cartographic Association Instruments: Map ExhibitionsInstruments: Map Exhibitions
  75. 75. International Cartographic Association Instruments: Children Map CompetitionInstruments: Children Map Competition
  76. 76. International Cartographic Association Instruments: Research AgendaInstruments: Research Agenda Geographic Information M t d t d SDIMetadata and SDI Geospatial Analysis and Modelling Usability Geovisualisation Map Production Cartographic Theory History of Cartography and GI Science Education  Societyy
  77. 77. International Cartographic Association CommissionsCommissions Commission on Art and Cartography Commission on Atlases Commission on Cartography and Children Commission on Cartography in Early Warning and Crisis Managementg y y g g Commission on Cognitive Visualization Commission on Data Quality Commission on Digital Technologies in Cartographic Heritage Commission on Education and Training Commission on Generalisation and Multiple Representation Commission on Geoinformation Infrastructures and Standards Commission on Geospatial Analysis andGeoinformation Infrastructures and Standards Commission on Geospatial Analysis and Modeling Commission on Geovisualization Commission on GI for Sustainability Commission on the History of Cartography Commission on Map Design Commission on Map Production and Geo-Business Commission on Map Projections Commission on Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery Commission on Maps and Graphics for Blind and Partially Sighted People Commission on Maps and Society Commission on Maps and the Internet Commission on Mountain Cartography Commission on Neocartography Commission on Open Source Geospatial Technologies Commission on PlanetaryCommission on Open Source Geospatial Technologies Commission on Planetary Cartography Commission on Theoretical Cartography Commission on Ubiquitous Mapping Commission on Use and User Issues
  78. 78. International Cartographic Association CommissionsCommissions Commission on Art and Cartography Commission on Atlases Commission on Cartography and Children Commission on Cartography in Early Warning and Crisis Managementg y y g g Commission on Cognitive Visualization Commission on Data Quality Commission on Digital Technologies in Cartographic Heritage Commission on Education and Training Commission on Generalisation and Multiple Representation Commission on Geoinformation Infrastructures and Standards Commission on Geospatial Analysis andGeoinformation Infrastructures and Standards Commission on Geospatial Analysis and Modeling Commission on Geovisualization Commission on GI for Sustainability Commission on the History of Cartography Commission on Map Design Commission on Map Production and Geo-Business Commission on Map Projections Commission on Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery Commission on Maps and Graphics for Blind and Partially Sighted People Commission on Maps and Society Commission on Maps and the Internet Commission on Mountain Cartography Commission on Neocartography Commission on Open Source Geospatial Technologies Commission on PlanetaryCommission on Open Source Geospatial Technologies Commission on Planetary Cartography Commission on Theoretical Cartography Commission on Ubiquitous Mapping Commission on Use and User Issues
  79. 79. International Cartographic Association Outreach and Capacity BuildingOutreach and Capacity Building Hands on WorkshopsHands‐on Workshops most recent at Cuba, Iran, New Zealand, South Africa, Tunesia, Germany next week: Hands‐on Workshop on OSGeo WebMappingp pp g Seminars most recent: Cartographic Generalisation Istanbul, Heritage Gent, Roma Symposia upcoming: Service‐oriented Mapping, Vienna
  80. 80. ICA‐ OSGeo MoU 
  81. 81. bli hiEstablishing   research and  trainingtraining  opportunities
  82. 82. International Cartographic Association UN endorsed International Year of the MapUN endorsed International Year of the Map 2015 ICA endorsed by UN‐RCC Global Activities
  83. 83. International Cartographic Association Instruments: ConferencesInstruments: Conferences International Cartographic ConferenceInternational Cartographic Conference August 2013, Dresden, Germany  www icc2013 orgwww.icc2013.org
  84. 84. International Cartographic Association Instruments: ConferencesInstruments: Conferences International Cartographic ConferenceInternational Cartographic Conference August 2015 Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
  85. 85. International Cartographic Association www.icaci.orgwww.icaci.org

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