Photography - Basics

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Composed by Kirithika Thangavelu (kirthisoul at

Composed by Kirithika Thangavelu (kirthisoul at

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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Introduction to Photography
    • Types of Cameras
    • Lens
    • Exposure Controls
    • Composition
  • 3.
    • Photography relates to the action of light on sensitive bodies in the production of pictures, the fixation of images.
    • "Photography" is derived from the Greek words photos ("light") and graphein ("to draw") The word was first used by the scientist Sir John F.W. Herschel in 1839. It is a method of recording images by the action of light, or related radiation, on a sensitive material.
  • 4.
    • A camera is a device that records/stores images.
    • The term camera comes from the camera obscura ( Latin for "dark chamber"), an early mechanism for projecting Images.
    • The still camera takes one photo each time the user presses the shutter button .
  • 5. Box camera Folding Camera Pinhole Camera Twin Lens Reflex Point & Shoot View Camera Range Finder Single Lens Reflex
  • 6.
    • Wide Angle Lens(24mm-35mm)
    • Normal Lens(50mm)
    • Telephoto Lens(70mm-250mm)
    Special Lenses
    • Macro Lens
    • Fish Eye Lens
  • 7. Normal Lens – 50mm Telephoto Lens – 70mm to 300mm Wide Lens – 24mm to 35 mm
  • 8. Shutter Speed The shutter blocks all light from exposing the film until you press the button. Then it quickly opens and closes, giving the film a brief flash of light. You can control the length of time the shutter remains open by setting the SHUTTER SPEED. Longer shutter speeds = more light shorter shutter speeds = less light
  • 9. The Aperture Before light reaches film, it must pass through an opening called an "Aperture". The aperture is like a pupil. You can control the aperture by setting the "Aperture Opening", also known as an F-Stop.
  • 10.
    • Rule of Thirds
    • Balancing Elements
    • Depth
    • Cropping
    • Viewpoint
    • Background
    • Framing
  • 11.