You can't have COIN without Cultural Awareness

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  • Talk the Cultural tie in to COIN and facilitate a discussion on the issue.
    with background in Gangs - the ability to tie in how a Culture leads people to act in a certain manner, the Human Dimension and Human Networking.
    invoke a discussion amongst his audience. He will brief more on the operational and doctrinal aspects of COIN and touch on the linkage between the importance of understanding the culture and people.
  • Horne, A. (1988). To Lose a Battle: France, 1940. London: Penguin Books, p. 74.
  • Talk the Cultural tie in to COIN and facilitate a discussion on the issue.
    with background in Gangs - the ability to tie in how a Culture leads people to act in a certain manner, the Human Dimension and Human Networking.
    invoke a discussion amongst his audience. He will brief more on the operational and doctrinal aspects of COIN and touch on the linkage between the importance of understanding the culture and people.
  • You can't have COIN without Cultural Awareness

    1. 1. Institute for Global Security Studies Can you have COINCan you have COIN without cultural awareness?without cultural awareness?
    2. 2. Institute for Global Security Studies Central QuestionsCentral Questions • How is Cultural Awareness (CA) central to fighting a COIN operation? • What’s the linkage between the importance of understanding the culture and people in counterinsurgency operations?
    3. 3. Institute for Global Security Studies COIN Operational ConcernsCOIN Operational Concerns • Is a lack of CA affecting our ability? • Is an institutionally-limited CA limiting our operational effectiveness? • Are we relying on our cultural language to deliver messages to those in another culture?
    4. 4. Institute for Global Security Studies COIN Doctrinal ConcernsCOIN Doctrinal Concerns • Is CA receiving sufficient doctrinal emphasis? • Are we focused on CA as an afterthought? • Is CA (not PC) terminology incorporated in our training doctrine?
    5. 5. Institute for Global Security Studies Who said it?Who said it?
    6. 6. Institute for Global Security Studies There are only two powers in the world … the sword and the spirit. In the long run, the sword is always defeated by the spirit. –Napolean Bonaparte
    7. 7. Institute for Global Security Studies . . . the U.S. Army does not have the mind-set for combat operations where the key terrain is the mind, not the high ground. We do not take the time to understand the nature of the society in which we are fighting . . . or the enemy we are fighting. – LTC Lawrence Bayer (in the dissertation of Dr. David H. Petraeus, 1987)
    8. 8. Institute for Global Security Studies Cultural awareness isn't going to turn this situation around (we need to stop pandering to our enemies and defeat them). – Ralph Peters, January 5, 2007 New York Post
    9. 9. Institute for Global Security Studies In places where people work, study, and live, it is easy to collect all kinds of information on payments, business, plans of all kinds, points of view, opinions, people's state of mind, etc. – Carlos Marighella, 1969. "Minimanual of the urban guerilla."
    10. 10. Institute for Global Security Studies Guerrilla hostilities are the university of war . . . the fountainhead of guerrilla warfare is in the masses of the people . . . – Mao Tse–tung, 1937, "On guerilla warfare."
    11. 11. Institute for Global Security Studies “Culture is like an iceberg. The tip of the iceberg is the smallest part. That which you can easily see— the behavior of people—is the smallest part of culture. – Dr. Gary Weaver, Executive Director of American University’s Intercultural Management Institute
    12. 12. Institute for Global Security Studies The nation that wants to achieve victory over its enemy must know that enemy very well. . . Those who fight an enemy that they do not know, do not win . . . – General Mahmoud Sheet Khattab – (Al Qaeda Training Manual)
    13. 13. Institute for Global Security Studies What are we missing?What are we missing? • Community attitude? • Dynamics of group psychology? • Cultural awareness retention? • What role does the language play? • What benefit is it to the individual to develop cultural awareness?
    14. 14. Institute for Global Security Studies Where can we go?Where can we go? • General CA training? • Encourage self-study/specialization? • Provide for environment of application? • Enlist partners – outside DoD? • Informal situational language training? • Promote Global Competence!
    15. 15. Institute for Global Security Studies Quotes from Ground LevelQuotes from Ground Level • If you don't know where they are starting from, how can you get them to where they are going? • If we are getting shot at, we should know why, and by whom! • Insurgents study how they should look, talk, and make excuses for mistakes. For them to blend in, they have to know the culture.
    16. 16. Institute for Global Security Studies
    17. 17. Institute for Global Security Studies How is CA centralHow is CA central to fighting a COIN operation?to fighting a COIN operation?
    18. 18. Institute for Global Security Studies What’s the linkage betweenWhat’s the linkage between understanding the culture andunderstanding the culture and people in COIN?people in COIN?
    19. 19. Institute for Global Security Studies

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