Gangs And The Military 4of7
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Gangs And The Military 4of7

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Gangs and the Military presentation at the Northwest Gang Investigators Association , Missoula, Montana. October 2007 by Al Valdez, Ph.D. University of California - Irvine & Carter F. Smith, J. D., ...

Gangs and the Military presentation at the Northwest Gang Investigators Association , Missoula, Montana. October 2007 by Al Valdez, Ph.D. University of California - Irvine & Carter F. Smith, J. D., Austin Peay State University

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Gangs And The Military 4of7 Gangs And The Military 4of7 Presentation Transcript

  • Gangs and the Military Presented at Northwest Gang Investigators Association October 2007 Al Valdez, Ph.D. UCI & Carter F. Smith, APSU
  • Definitional Challenges
  • Definition (Army) as of 23 Feb 06
    • Gang
    • A group of individuals whose acts of crime are committed against the public at large as well as other groups. A gang usually has in common one or more of the following traits: geographic area of residence, race, or ethnic background. They have a defined hierarchy that controls the general activities of its members.
    Army Regulation 190–45 23 February 2006
  • Definition (Army CID) - 1 Dec 06
  •  
  • National Alliance of Gang Investigators Associations (NAGIA).
    • NAGIA developed a recommended definition of the term “gang” to facilitate a national discussion:
    • Gang. A group or association of three or more persons who may have a common identifying sign, symbol, or name and who individually or collectively engage in , or have engaged in, criminal activity which creates an atmosphere of fear and intimidation . Criminal activity includes juvenile acts that, if committed by an adult, would be a crime.
  • Motivation for Joining
  • Motivation for Joining
    • Military
      • Learn discipline and obedience & training in weapons, explosives, and tactics (DA PAM 600-15)
      • great weapons training and access to weapons
        • (Andrea Simmons, El Paso, TX FBI http://www.nysun.com/article/29230)
      • Legal Employment/Career
    • Gang
      • positive self-validation and self-definition
      • sense of both individual power and protection
        • (Terrorist Organizations And Criminal Street Gangs, An argument for an analogy, 21 November 2002 - www.sandia.gov )
  • Motivation for Joining
    • Sergeant escapes drugs, violence to lead troops in Iraq “When I was just a kid, I knew people getting killed by gangs,” said Reeves from southwest Oklahoma City. “It was hard growing up in that kind of environment, but I knew I didn’t want to be around it for the rest of my life.” US Army Public Affairs – www.us.army.mil
  • Motivation for Joining
  •  
  • Motivation for Joining
  • In Mosul, a Battle 'Beyond Ruthless'
    • Sgt. 1st Class Domingo Ruiz watched as three cars stopped on the other side of the road. A man carrying a machine gun got out.
    • "Take him down," Ruiz told a sniper . . . the man's head exploded.
    • It is a war that Ruiz said reminds him of his youth as a member of the Coney Island Cobras, a Brooklyn street gang. He said he applies many of the principles he learned in the rough neighborhoods where he grew up.
    • Acting swiftly, he said, "sends a message to the enemy that we're not playing games. If you engage us, you are going to die.
    Onetime Gang Member Applies Rules of Street
  • Gangs and the Military