0
gangcoptechspeak     carterfsmith    615-656-3505
abstract• technology changes lives• gangs evolve & adopt biz  model – affect LE strategy?
prepare for• overview criminal communications  options, actions, interactions• LE – mostly gang cops – response• engaging,...
criminal communications•in person•document•digital –text       –voip –twitter    –gaming –cell       –other
law enforcement response    learn     ignore
cops are key•investigate•pass learning to prosecutor –who passes to judge  and/or jury
so how do they learn?• attend department training• self-taught• friendly assistance and  availability –(this is where you ...
twitbanging• Twitter useful for  coordinating activities,  talk in code• Police able to stop  attacks before they  happen
Mocospace
stealth surfing
web-based storage
• No pages added to list ofprivate browsing     sites in History menu.                   • Nothing you enter into         ...
Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
(partially) Concealing identity
Anonymize your phone call• Caller ID displays  number you want them  to see, changes tone of  your voice and keeps  backup...
Legal considerations• Locate/assemble available expertise  –Include translation (geekspeak-English)   needs (prosecutor/ju...
engage, assist, thwart detection  •   •   •   •   •   •   •   •   •  S   S   N   A   A   E   I   C   C  e   t   o   l   s ...
metaphorically speaking . . .• a file on dropbox or g-drive is like . . .• a DDoS attack is like . . .
what LE cannot do but citizens can
Technohood Watch
(relevant)       Constitutional provisions1st freedom of speech, right to assemble2nd right to bear arms4th unreasonable s...
1st freedom of speech• Issue: right to communicate opinions &  ideas• Police Limitations: public safety• Citizen Limitatio...
1st - right to assemble             (freedom of association)• Issue: right to express, promote, pursue and  defend common ...
2nd - right to bear arms• Issue: personal right to firearms  for individual use, and a collective  right to bear arms in a...
4th - search warrants• Issue: law enforcement search for evidence  and confiscate evidence if found• Police Limitations   ...
4th   . . . probable cause• Issue: reasonable suspicion,  circumstances justify belief  certain facts true• Example - cops...
5th - self-incrimination• Issue: Self-incrimination -  interrogation OR voluntarily.• Example - cops cant ask  questions i...
6th - right to confront accuser• Issue: Confrontation Clause provides  in all criminal prosecutions, accused  shall enjoy ...
THE KEY IS THAT THE CITIZEN MUST NOT BE GUIDED, DIRECTED, OROTHERWISE TARGETED BY OR REPRESENT (AS AN  AGENT) THE POLICE
In preparing this concept andpresentation I did not consult with any  police officers or other government officials to see...
Technohood Watch is• related to USAonWatch• somewhat like Citizen Observer –With no meetings with police or  prosecutors• ...
it’s not• if you see something,  say something• total information awareness• NSA recruiting pitch at DefCon
Technohood Watch• educates citizens on application of basic legal  principles and common sense• teaches citizens to help t...
Technohood Watch• no membership requirements  – no members• venue for information and education• no connections between le...
Technohood Watch• participants may identify a  child pornography ring one  day and a cyberterrorist the  next• a focus on ...
q4me?
carterfsmith615-656-3505
Gangcoptechspeak
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Gangcoptechspeak

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Technology advances have changed the way the average American communicates, plans his or her day, shops, drives, and does many other things. Technology has changed the way criminals, specifically gang members, live their lives as well. As gangs evolve, many adopt more of a business model. How does that affect the way law enforcement should investigate them?
You will get an overview of criminal communications options, actions, and interactions followed by a discussion of how law enforcement – mostly gang cops – can and do respond. Ideas on how to engage, assist, or even thwart the detection of such activity will be provided. The use of metaphors to explain how technology functions often helps the not-so-literate grasp the concepts we will discuss – an impromptu brainstorming session on how that works will likely occur.

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  • gangcoptechspeakcarterfsmith615-656-3505
  • abstracttechnology changes livesgangs evolve & adopt biz model affect LE strategy?
  • prepare foroverview criminal communications options, actions, interactions LE – mostly gang cops – response engaging, assisting (thwarting) detection of such activity“impromptu” brainstorming session metaphors to explain technology
  • criminal communicationsin persondocumentdigitaltexttwittercellvoipgamingother
  • http://gizmodo.com/5A 15-year old member of The New Dons claims that twitter is useful for coordinating violent activities, and that they often use new lingo that would be difficult for anyone but insiders to understand. Still, the NYPD has been successful in stopping attacks before they happen by keeping track of the online activities of gang members. http://help.twitter.com/entries/41949-guidelines-for-law-enforcement415423/ny-gangs-use-twitter-to-plan-crimes-while-the-ny-police-use-twitter-to-arrest-gangs
  • Web-based storagehttp://www.remotedatastorage.net/
  • No pages added to list of sites in History menu. Nothing you enter into text boxes on websites or Search bar and no Cookies saved. No passwords automatically filled in and no new passwords saved. No files you download will remain in the list in Downloads. The cache stores temporary files such as web pages, images and other online media. All items added to cache will be deleted.

  • Call someone from your phone and the person's Caller ID displays the number that you intend them to see.Change the tone of your voice to the point that you'll be unrecognizable even to your closest friends and family.Perfect for capturing important information or simply to keep a phone call as a backup for future reference.http://www.spoofcard.com/Unblocks blocked and restricted calls.Trapcall works with any cell phone.No need to change your current number.Different plans for different folks.http://www.trapcall.com
  • engage, assist, thwart detectionSeeStopNotifyAlertAssistExplainIgnoreConcealConspire
  • 1st freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of the press, as well as the right to assemble and petition the government 2nd right to bear arms 3rd forced quartering of soldiers out of war time 4th unreasonable searches and seizures and requirements for search warrants based on probable cause 5th indictment by grand jury, eminent domain, right to due process, prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy 6th right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, right to be notified of accusations, confront accuser, obtain witnesses and retain counsel 7th right to trial by jury in certain civil cases8th excessive fines and bail, cruel and unusual punishment 9th rights not enumerated in the constitution10th Limits powers of federal government to those delegated to it by Constitution 11th Immunity of states from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within borders. Lays foundation for sovereign immunity 12th Revises presidential election procedures 13th Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime 14th Defines citizenship, contains Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process Clause, Equal Protection Clause, and post-Civil War issues
  • 1st freedom of speechIssue: right to communicate one's opinions and ideasPolice Limitations: issues of public safety Citizen Limitations: when freedom of speech conflicts with other values or rightsExample:  cops' freedom of speech limited -- citizens can call out a violator with fewer repercussions
  • 1st - right to assemble(often interchangeable with freedom of association)Issue: right to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue and defend common interestsPolice Limitations: must have objective criteria (permits, injunctions) with oversight (like 2d opinion) to limit associationCitizen Limitations: Follow rules for detention or kidnappingExample: Obstacles placed in someone’s way make travel inconvenient
  • 2nd - right to bear arms Issue: personal right to firearms for individual use, and a collective right to bear arms in a militiaExample - government can't unduly restrict citizens not required to sell guns or ammo to others
  • in certain cases a search warrant is not required, such as where consent is given by a person in control of the object or property to be searched. Some commonly cited exigent circumstances are: hot pursuit of a felon (to prevent a felon's escape or ability to harm others); imminent destruction of evidence before a warrant can be properly obtained; emergency searches (such as where someone is heard screaming for help inside a dwelling); or a search incident to arrest (to mitigate the risk of harm to the arresting officers specifically).[2]Another exception is when evidence is in plain view—if the officer is legitimately on the premises, his observation is from a legitimate vantage point, and it is immediately obvious that the evidence is contraband (for example, a cannabis cigarette on the front seat of a car while the officer has pulled the suspect over for a seat belt violation), the officer is within his right to seize the object in question.When police arrest an individual shortly after exiting a vehicle, the police may conduct a full search of the suspect's person, any area within that person's immediate reach, and the passenger compartment of the vehicle which was recently occupied, for weapons or any other contraband. (However, a recent Supreme Court decision limits such searches to circumstances where the arrested person has the possibility of accessing the vehicle, or when the vehicle could contain evidence of the crime that the person is being arrested for.[3]) If the subject is arrested in a home, police may search the room in which they were arrested, and conduct a "protective sweep" of the premises where there is reasonable suspicion that other individuals may be hiding. Searches are also allowed in emergency situations where the public is in danger.With rented property, a landlord may refuse to allow law enforcement to search a tenant's apartment without a search warrant, and a warrant must be obtained using the same guidelines as if it was a tenant's own home. But in some jurisdictions, ahotel room may be searched with permission of the hotel's management but without permission from a guest and without a warrant.
  • 4th . . . based on probable cause Issue: reasonable suspicion, supported by circumstances to justify prudent and cautious person's belief that certain facts are probably trueExample - cops can't enter without probable cause or exigent circumstances - citizens perception creates circumstances
  • 5th - self-incriminationIssue: Self-incrimination either directly or indirectly: directly, by means of interrogation where information is disclosed; indirectly, when information disclosed voluntarily without pressure from another person.Example - cops can't ask questions if they suspect crime committed -- citizens can ask and keep asking
  • 6th - right to confront accuserIssue: Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution provides that "in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right…to be confronted with the witnesses against him.Example – anonymous source – provides information regarding a crime and that information is independently verifiable.
  • Transcript of "Gangcoptechspeak"

    1. 1. gangcoptechspeak carterfsmith 615-656-3505
    2. 2. abstract• technology changes lives• gangs evolve & adopt biz model – affect LE strategy?
    3. 3. prepare for• overview criminal communications options, actions, interactions• LE – mostly gang cops – response• engaging, assisting (thwarting) detection of such activity• “impromptu” brainstorming session –metaphors to explain technology
    4. 4. criminal communications•in person•document•digital –text –voip –twitter –gaming –cell –other
    5. 5. law enforcement response learn ignore
    6. 6. cops are key•investigate•pass learning to prosecutor –who passes to judge and/or jury
    7. 7. so how do they learn?• attend department training• self-taught• friendly assistance and availability –(this is where you can help)
    8. 8. twitbanging• Twitter useful for coordinating activities, talk in code• Police able to stop attacks before they happen
    9. 9. Mocospace
    10. 10. stealth surfing
    11. 11. web-based storage
    12. 12. • No pages added to list ofprivate browsing sites in History menu. • Nothing you enter into text boxes on websites or Search bar and no Cookies saved. • No passwords automatically filled in and no new passwords saved. • No files you download will remain in the list in Downloads. • The cache stores temporary files such as web pages, images and other online media. All items added to cache will be deleted.

    13. 13. Voice Over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
    14. 14. (partially) Concealing identity
    15. 15. Anonymize your phone call• Caller ID displays number you want them to see, changes tone of your voice and keeps backup• Unblocks blocked and restricted calls with any cell phone.
    16. 16. Legal considerations• Locate/assemble available expertise –Include translation (geekspeak-English) needs (prosecutor/judge/jury)• Coordination with forensics/lab in advance – familiarity• Coordination with prosecutor in advance – familiarity
    17. 17. engage, assist, thwart detection • • • • • • • • • S S N A A E I C C e t o l s x g o o e o t e s p n n n p i r i l o c s f t s a r e p y t i e a i n l r e
    18. 18. metaphorically speaking . . .• a file on dropbox or g-drive is like . . .• a DDoS attack is like . . .
    19. 19. what LE cannot do but citizens can
    20. 20. Technohood Watch
    21. 21. (relevant) Constitutional provisions1st freedom of speech, right to assemble2nd right to bear arms4th unreasonable searches and seizures4th search warrants based on probable cause5th/14th due process5th self-incrimination6th right to confront accuser
    22. 22. 1st freedom of speech• Issue: right to communicate opinions & ideas• Police Limitations: public safety• Citizen Limitations: when freedom of speech conflicts with other rights• Example: cops freedom of speech limited -- citizens can call out a violator with fewer repercussions
    23. 23. 1st - right to assemble (freedom of association)• Issue: right to express, promote, pursue and defend common interests (together)• Police Limitations: objective criteria (permits, injunctions) with oversight (like 2d opinion) to limit association• Citizen Limitations: Follow rules for detention or kidnapping – Obstacles placed in someone’s way make travel inconvenient
    24. 24. 2nd - right to bear arms• Issue: personal right to firearms for individual use, and a collective right to bear arms in a militia• Example - government cant unduly restrict –citizens not required to sell guns or ammo to others
    25. 25. 4th - search warrants• Issue: law enforcement search for evidence and confiscate evidence if found• Police Limitations Warrant Emergency Consent Incident to arrest Hot pursuit of felon Plain view• Example - cops have to explain curiosity in detail to get search warrant – citizens can be curious when not breaking law
    26. 26. 4th . . . probable cause• Issue: reasonable suspicion, circumstances justify belief certain facts true• Example - cops cant enter without probable cause or exigent circumstances – citizens perception creates circumstances
    27. 27. 5th - self-incrimination• Issue: Self-incrimination - interrogation OR voluntarily.• Example - cops cant ask questions if they suspect crime –citizens can ask and keep asking
    28. 28. 6th - right to confront accuser• Issue: Confrontation Clause provides in all criminal prosecutions, accused shall enjoy right…to be confronted with witnesses against him.• Example – anonymous source – provides information regarding crime and information independently verifiable.
    29. 29. THE KEY IS THAT THE CITIZEN MUST NOT BE GUIDED, DIRECTED, OROTHERWISE TARGETED BY OR REPRESENT (AS AN AGENT) THE POLICE
    30. 30. In preparing this concept andpresentation I did not consult with any police officers or other government officials to see if they agreed with my perspectives. These are just my personal opinions. I have seen thiswork, but you should rely only on yourown due diligence inquiry before acting in this manner.
    31. 31. Technohood Watch is• related to USAonWatch• somewhat like Citizen Observer –With no meetings with police or prosecutors• complementary, but very different.
    32. 32. it’s not• if you see something, say something• total information awareness• NSA recruiting pitch at DefCon
    33. 33. Technohood Watch• educates citizens on application of basic legal principles and common sense• teaches citizens to help themselves & community by identifying and reporting suspicious activity• provides citizens with opportunity to make world safer and improve quality of life• focus on – observation and awareness – employing strategies
    34. 34. Technohood Watch• no membership requirements – no members• venue for information and education• no connections between learners and police, government employee, agent, or representative – no directions to authors of alerts, advisories, or other information or to readers – no one targeted to investigate certain people, property, or activities
    35. 35. Technohood Watch• participants may identify a child pornography ring one day and a cyberterrorist the next• a focus on space, not crime, with emphasis on reporting
    36. 36. q4me?
    37. 37. carterfsmith615-656-3505
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