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Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.
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Current and emerging trends in the private security industry and the need for continuing education and training of the security professional.

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  • 1. 11/18/2013 Current and Emerging Trends in the Private Security Industry: The need for Continuing Education and Training of the Security Professional Carter F. Smith, JD, PhD carterfsmith@gmail.com 615-656-3505 http://www.linkedin.com/in/carterfsmith http://apsu.academia.edu/CarterSmith/Papers What trends are important to you? 2 1
  • 2. 11/18/2013 Overview • History • Challenges • Perceptions • Professionalization • Education (or not) • Future History • Through WW II, private security seen as unsavory, ill-trained thugs hired to break strikes, suppress labor, and spy on one another. • Police viewed private security companies as dangerous and unauthorized intrusion into government role. • Following WW II, more tolerant attitude developed – private security more often seen as necessary supplement to overburdened public police. 4 2
  • 3. 11/18/2013 History • Late 1960s -- early 1970s - security burden was shifted (back) to private sector. • Public law-enforcement grew 42 percent. • Security Guard employment grew 6 percent. • Investigative employment grew 19 percent. • Contract security almost doubled. • Population grew only 12 percent. 5 (recent) History • Mid 1970s, crime rates rose. – Before end of 1976 1 of 4 Americans was victim • Americans were paying more for private security services than federal, state, and local governments paid for criminal justice system. • Security field has received increased attention in the past decade or so since the events 9 / 11 • Some Communities have recently received attention for augmenting their public security with private – necessary supplement to overburdened public police . . . 6 3
  • 4. 11/18/2013 It’s important for you because • Private security has long eclipsed public security (police) as the primary resource for individual and property protection, with over 1 million people employed –Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2012 7 Challenges • Entry-level security professionals – Receive lower pay – Required to have only high school diploma • As field increases, so will ranks of supervisors. – pay commensurate with their experience and education 8 4
  • 5. 11/18/2013 Challenges •What do you see? 9 Perceptions • Respondents were students in three offerings of an upperdivision course in criminal justice entitled Security Administration at a large, public university in southeast U.S. 10 5
  • 6. 11/18/2013 11 Perceptions • Non-CJ majors and CJ minors agreed more strongly than CJ majors that – course increased respect for security field – course was more interesting than others • Female participants agreed more strongly than males that respect for security field increased. • Participants with no prior interest in CJ agreed more that knowledge of private security had increased. 12 6
  • 7. 11/18/2013 Perceptions If you have not considered working in the security field . . . Why? • When I heard the • I already have a job word security, I in Law Enforcement always thought of a lined up. mall cop. • My goal has been • I would like to work Federal Law as a Lawyer instead. Enforcement. 13 Perceptions • Security officers aren’t as powerful as police officers. • I want to have more control, action and responsibility. • I wouldn’t be opposed to it in some business aspect such as management or marketing. • My career goal was always on the more pro-active side of law enforcement. • I always thought that security guards had to be buff guys who are able to be complete assholes to people. • I don’t know if I am physically fit enough to respond necessarily to a situation. 14 7
  • 8. 11/18/2013 Perceptions • Security officers aren’t as powerful as police officers. • I want to have more control, action and responsibility. • I wouldn’t be opposed to it in some business aspect such as management or marketing. • My career goal was always on the more pro-active side of law enforcement. • I always thought that security guards had to be buff guys who are able to be complete assholes to people. • I don’t know if I am physically fit enough to respond necessarily to a situation. 15 It’s important for you because • Respondents may be your future clients, colleagues, or competitors. • Responses may be indicative of community perceptions. 16 8
  • 9. 11/18/2013 • • • • • • • • Professionalization Skills flow from body of theory. Common body of knowledge, freely communicated. Unique service based on learned techniques. Extensive training, minimum qualifications, licensing certification. Code of ethics guiding client relations and contact with others. Emphasis on service to mankind rather than individual gain. A professional organization which establishes policy, regulates actions, and exercises responsibility. Requires advanced training, mental rather than manual work. 17 Professionalization - four criteria: • Qualification - establish, promote, and enforce unambiguous qualification criteria. • Academic studies -- achieve widespread academic acceptance and promotion of advanced security-related studies. • Business skills -- managers must develop business-related skills so they can earn respect within the corporation. • Corporate Recognition -- managers must be able to get security's message across to develop an understanding and appreciation of security in executive boardrooms. 18 9
  • 10. 11/18/2013 Professionalization • Public's perception is what matters –attitude of society as a whole –general opinion of corporate leadership. • Consumers decide when security has become a profession. 19 It’s important for you because • Determination of professionalism based on experience with professionals. • Criteria set clear guidelines, but gauge is public and client perception. • Knowing how to be perceived as professional is only part of it. • Critical that all members of the profession contribute to advancement and regard in community. 20 10
  • 11. 11/18/2013 Education 13 identified security knowledge categories in academic security realm, including: • Criminology • Business contingency management • Facility management • Fire and life safety • Industrial security • Information and computer security • • • • Investigations Physical security Security Principles Security risk management • Security law • Security management • Security technology 21 Education (acceptance) • Progress achieving widespread academic acceptance due to involvement by professional organizations. • ASIS International collaborates with faculty and security directors to identify security education needs. • CJ departments have added security courses – many schools have their own security departments • Yet to be corresponding substantive response from business schools to incorporate security curriculum. – Similarity to public security and law enforcement allows for its incorporation into most criminal justice programs if not its own department. 22 11
  • 12. 11/18/2013 Education 2012 security concerns of Fortune 1000 companies 1. Cyber and Communications Security 2. Workplace Violence 3. Business Continuity Planning 4. Employee Selection/Screening 5. Property Crime moved 6. General Employee Theft 7. Crisis Management and Response 8. Unethical Business Conduct 9. Litigation 23 10. Identity Theft It’s important for you because • Changes in focus to higher-tech workplace and advanced criminal methods require innovation and critical thinking skills. • Higher education is necessity for advancement with security technology and leadership demands on today’s security professionals. 24 12
  • 13. 11/18/2013 Future • increased threat from social media, especially social engineering • more challenges with background checks to weed out problems • increased need for education • training sessions on professionalism for younger/newer hires 25 Future • even more going mobile, challenges both physical and digital • tech and networked devices plus crowdsourced attacks -- physical and digital • security for hire? a-la-carte security services? free-lance security solutions? • decreased government spending in criminal justice sector 26 13
  • 14. 11/18/2013 Future • Crisis and Emergency Management. –from forces of nature or human action or inaction. –increasingly responsibility of security professional –requires coordination with different set of agencies and providers 27 Recommendations • Implement guerilla, all-hands marketing strategy • Engage in CJ and other curriculum development • Offer to visit courses and events • Offer internships • Sponsor academic competitions 28 14
  • 15. 11/18/2013 References • Smith, C.F. and Choo, T. (2013). Revisiting Security Administration in the classroom: A decade later. Security Journal. (25 March 2013; doi: 10.1057/sj.2013.7). • Smith, C.F. et al. Security Today. (textbook – forthcoming) 29 Current and Emerging Trends in the Private Security Industry: The need for Continuing Education and Training of the Security Professional Carter F. Smith, JD, PhD carterfsmith@gmail.com 615-656-3505 http://www.linkedin.com/in/carterfsmith http://apsu.academia.edu/CarterSmith/Papers 15

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