Introduction to the Study of Civilization

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A brief introduction to what civilization means, how change is measured in civilization, and the limits of civilization.

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Introduction to the Study of Civilization

  1. 1. Heritage of the WestIntroduction to the study of civilization and history
  2. 2. Introduction to the study of civilization• What is civilization? Civilization means…• What are the indicators of the development, growth, and evolution of civilization?• What, if any, are the limits of civilization?
  3. 3. Civilization means…• cities• organization• writing
  4. 4. New York City
  5. 5. Scribes were educated in the art of handwritingand copying laws, decrees, and other officialrecords. (L) An Egyptian scribe would have been trained to write hieroglyphics; (R) A European scribe at work.
  6. 6. The indicators of the development, growth, and evolution of civilization include…cultural, economic, political, social, and technological change.
  7. 7. The limits of civilization are:• class, or caste, distinctions• sex differences• social anxiety due to the restraints placed on individuals in increasingly complex social units
  8. 8. What is history?Is history an art or a science? Why?What do historians do?What methods do historians use in history?What is the purpose of history?
  9. 9. What is history?According to R.G. Collingwood, history isthe science of attempting to find things outabout past human actions for the purposeof human self-fulfillment. This process isachieved through studying and interpretingdocuments, or things existing here andnow.

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