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This presentation is one of three created for a professional development workshop designed for medical school faculty. Creating the workshop project was an assignment for a graduate level course in ...

This presentation is one of three created for a professional development workshop designed for medical school faculty. Creating the workshop project was an assignment for a graduate level course in library sciences. (I got an A!) Please ask permission for re-use.

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  • Use the audience response system for these question slides
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  • “In the United States, copyright law protects the authors of "original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works." This protection covers both published and unpublished works, regardless of the nationality or domicile of the author. It is unlawful for anyone to violate any of the rights provided by copyright law to the owner of a copyright.” (Copyright.com)
  • A work must be officially registered before the owner can file a complaint for copyright infringement.You can use the copyright simple on any work – it does not have to be registered work.

Copyright Copyright Presentation Transcript

  • Copyright
    the basics, the resources, the application
    Carrie L Saarinen April 2009
  • It is acceptable to make copies of department faculty publications for recruitment activities.
    False.
    Recruitment activities are business activities therefore not covered as ‘academic use’.
    True or False?
    True
    False
    Don’t know
  • It is acceptable to make a copy of an article in the library and then make multiple copies for your students.
    False.
    If you read an interesting article in the morning paper, you may copy it to distribute; this falls under the Fair Use Act as a ‘spontaneous use’.
    If you have an article that was published long enough ago that you could have acquired permission before distributing copies, then it is considered ‘planned use’ and is not acceptable use.
    True or False?
    True
    False
    Don’t know
  • It is acceptable to produce collections of supplemental reading materials such as journal articles and published papers as a formal handout for a student cohort enrolled in a course.
    False.
    This is considered a ‘course pack’ and authorization must be obtained for each article or paper in the course pack.
    Permission may be covered under the institutional copyright license. The Copyright Clearance Center should be used for verification. Any items not covered may be authorized for a fee.
    Once authorized it is important to note that the permissions are good for one academic period and must be renewed prior to subsequent use.
    True or False?
    True
    False
    Don’t know
  • Since I can’t produce copies of journal article in a course pack, I can gather PDFs from the journal websites and put them together online in the LMS (Blackboard).
    False.
    This is considered an ‘e-course pack’ and authorization must be obtained for each article or paper in the e-course pack.
    Any publication covered by copyright in print retains copyright protection in digital format.
    True or False?
    True
    False
    Don’t know
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    • Literature
    • Poetry
    • Drama
    • Music
    • Pictures
    • Moving pictures
    • Choreography
    • Architecture
    • Software
    • Research papers
  • Works created in the US before 1923
    Works created between 1923 – 1963 that were never copyrighted
    Works created prior to 1978 whose copyrights were never renewed
    Works created prior to 1989 that did not include copyright information
    General facts and works created by the federal government
    Works donated to the public domain
    Public Domain
    Yes, there will be a quiz!
  • Assume that everything created after 1989 is copyright protected.
    Public Domain
    Well that’s easier than remembering all those dates
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    Registration of copyright
    Registering a work with the copyright office is recommended but not necessary. The requirement was lifted in 1989.
    In the US, a work is considered under copyright protection as soon as it is created.
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    Duration of copyright
    • Known author = 70 years after author’s death
    • Anonymous author = 95 years after publication date or 120 after creation
    • Work produced for fee = 95 years after publication date or 120 after creation
  • Copyright?
    Harvey Ball was hired by a Worcester insurance company to design a logo for an employee morale-boosting campaign in 1963.
    The insurance company used the logo on pin back buttons for employees then soon began giving them out to customers and the general public.
    The smiley quickly became an American icon.
    • Harvey was paid by the insurance company for his work. Who ‘owned’ the rights to the image?
    • The smiley was created in 1963. Was copyright implied then?
    • Harvey Ball died in 2001. If he had established copyright, when would the image become part of public domain?
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    • There are no ‘copyright police’ on campus
    • But there are librarians well versed in copyright law
    • Librarians are here to HELP, not arrest you
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    • Your edu may have an annual copyright license with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC)
    • The CCC offers a quick do-it-yourself tool to check for clearance
    • Your edu library may have a web page full of info on this topic
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    • Utilize resources when creating new and updating old course materials
    • Run your borrowed materials through the CCC
    • Ask library staff to review your materials
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    • Course packs
    • Course handouts
    • eCourse packs
  • A course pack is a collection of articles and/or book chapters and/or images compiled by a course or program director for distribution to students for study.
    <1991 it was commonly regarded that course packs for academic use was considered ‘Fair Use’. Court rulings in 1991 and 1996 (1991 Basic Books, Inc. v. Kinko's Graphics Corporation; 1996 Princeton University Press v. Michigan Document Services, Inc.) determined this untrue.
    Permission must be obtained for each article, book chapter and image. Copyright permission for course packs is generally one academic year.
    Course packs
  • Common items in an eCourse pack are digital images of scanned documents, scanned book chapters, and PDFs collected from journal websites.
    These items need to be checked for copyright and permission for use must be acquired.
    Use Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) and campus resources (library staff) to help identify pieces in existing e-course packs which are not part of the annual copyright license.
    As with traditional course packs, copyright is valid for one academic year.
    eCourse packs
  • The 2002 TEACH Act (Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization) provides some guidelines for use of electronic media in a learning management system (LMS) ie Blackboard
    Item in the list of TEACH criteria for use of copyrighted materials to note are:
    “The use must either be for 'live' or asynchronous class sessions.”
    “The use must be part of mediated instructional activities.”
    Generally, we use the LMS as a repository of course related information and study guides.
    Utilize campus resources in the library and the Instructional Technology team for assistance.
    The TEACH Act
    Source: http://www.copyright.com/Services/copyrightoncampus
  • Know the basics
    Identify and utilize resources
    Practice responsible use of copyrighted materials
    Copyright Management
    What should we do?
    That sounds like a lot of work!
  • Consider existing course materials
    Identify items subject to copyright law
    Identify items MOST LIKELY to fall under the annual copyright license
    Identify items which will likely need efforts for acquiring copyright permission
    Utilize resources (online and on campus) to acquire permission of find alternative resources
    To-do’s
  • Resources
    Your edu library
    Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) http://www.copyright.com/ccc/
    Copyright On Campus (learn more)http://www.copyright.com/Services/copyrightoncampus/
    TEACH Act http://www.copyright.com/media/pdfs/CR-Teach-Act.pdf (PDF)
  • Images in this presentation are from the Microsoft Clipart Library for PowerPoint 2007
    EXCEPT the Harvey Ball image. Permission pending response from the Worcester Historical Museum. 4/24/2009
    Carrie L Saarinen April 2009