Ilica 09 09

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Slides from my (controversial) presentation at the ILICA conference in NYC on 9/25/09. I made one small correction on slide 14 to reflect the feedback received during the presentation. I replaced ~15-20m, with ~15m, which does not change the substance of the controversy that I was relating about.
I also unpacked the animations so they will work on line.

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  • Hi Fabio!
    Stopped by to visit your blog! Wow!!! Impressive. I just glanced at it. Will certainly come back to find out more. Very interesting indeed. very well done!
    Will talk to you soon.
    Ella.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
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Ilica 09 09

  1. 1. Saving the Venetiansa Venetian’s perspective about the controversy around MOSE <br />
  2. 2. Saving the Venetiansa Venetian’s perspective about the controversy around MOSE <br />Saving Venezia & Protecting New Orleans<br />The Debate Surrounding Italy’s Most Innovative Technology<br />ILICA– St. John’s University<br />New York City: September 25, 2009<br />Prof. Fabio Carrera<br />Worcester Polytechnic Institute<br />Venice Project Center<br />carrera@wpi.edu<br />www.venice2point0.org<br />
  3. 3. Fabio Carrera<br />1961-1978<br />1977-1979<br />½ Ma<br />1979 -1988 (today)BSEE, MSCS<br />1988 - 2008<br />½ Ve<br />1996 – 2004PhD<br />2007 - <br />½ SFe<br />
  4. 4. 20 years of projects<br />
  5. 5. Past Recognition<br />8/2003<br />9/2005<br />9/2003<br />8/1999<br />9/2002<br />10/2003<br />
  6. 6. National Geographic Video<br />Channel: National Geographic Video<br />Series Title: Out There <br />Program Title: City under Siege<br />Aired around the world: 2002-today<br />
  7. 7. Latest Recognition<br />
  8. 8. NG Interactive Map<br />
  9. 9. Outline<br /><ul><li>History of controversies (resolved)
  10. 10. A Venetian’s perspective
  11. 11. Opportunity costs
  12. 12. The next challenge/opportunity</li></li></ul><li>Premises<br /><ul><li>Personal Interactions with CVN
  13. 13. Top notch professionals
  14. 14. High Regard for Expertise
  15. 15. Admiration for achievements
  16. 16. Confidence in outcome</li></li></ul><li>Outline<br /><ul><li>History of controversies(resolved)
  17. 17. A Venetian’s perspective
  18. 18. Opportunity costs
  19. 19. The next challenge/opportunity</li></li></ul><li>The controversy...<br /><ul><li>Excessive Depths of Channels
  20. 20. Environmental Impacts
  21. 21. Efficacy questions
  22. 22. Monopoly/Anti-trust issues
  23. 23. Cost
  24. 24. Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>The controversy...<br /><ul><li>Excessive Depths of Channels
  25. 25. Environmental Impacts
  26. 26. Efficacy questions
  27. 27. Monopoly/Anti-trust issues
  28. 28. Cost
  29. 29. Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>Excessive Depths<br /><ul><li>Designed to allow big ships (~15m)
  30. 30. vs. Natural Depths (~3-6m)
  31. 31. Effects of deeper channels?</li></li></ul><li>The controversy...<br /><ul><li>Excessive Depths of Channels
  32. 32. Environmental Impacts
  33. 33. Efficacy questions
  34. 34. Monopoly/Anti-trust issues
  35. 35. Cost
  36. 36. Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>
  37. 37. Environmental Impacts<br /><ul><li>Effect of closures on ecosystem
  38. 38. RED herring?
  39. 39. Infrequent closings
  40. 40. Alternating openings/closings…
  41. 41. Ideology?</li></li></ul><li>The controversy...<br /><ul><li>Excessive Depths of Channels
  42. 42. Environmental Impacts
  43. 43. Efficacy questions
  44. 44. Monopoly/Anti-trust issues
  45. 45. Cost
  46. 46. Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>Efficacy Questions<br /><ul><li>Hinges under water…
  47. 47. Dangers of failure
  48. 48. High Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>A truly unique design<br />St. Petersburg<br />Rotterdam<br />London<br />
  49. 49. A truly unique design<br />St. Petersburg<br />Rotterdam<br />London<br />
  50. 50. The controversy...<br /><ul><li>Excessive Depths of Channels
  51. 51. Environmental Impacts
  52. 52. Efficacy questions
  53. 53. Monopoly/Anti-trust issues
  54. 54. Cost
  55. 55. Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>ConcessionarioUnico<br />
  56. 56. Monopoly Issues<br /><ul><li>Sole contractor
  57. 57. No tender
  58. 58. EU anti-trust rules
  59. 59. Resolved diplomatically</li></li></ul><li>The controversy...<br /><ul><li>Excessive Depths of Channels
  60. 60. Environmental Impacts
  61. 61. Efficacy questions
  62. 62. Monopoly/Anti-trust issues
  63. 63. Cost
  64. 64. Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>Cost<br /><ul><li>Initial vs. final
  65. 65. Biggest undertaking in Italy ever
  66. 66. Who’s footing the bill?
  67. 67. Overruns?</li></li></ul><li>The cost of Saving Venice<br />Current cost = 6.8 billion USD<br />
  68. 68. The controversy...<br /><ul><li>Excessive Depths of Channels
  69. 69. Environmental Impacts
  70. 70. Efficacy questions
  71. 71. Monopoly/Anti-trust issues
  72. 72. Cost
  73. 73. Maintenance</li></li></ul><li>41 gates<br />19 gates<br />18 gates<br />
  74. 74. Maintenance<br /><ul><li>78 gates
  75. 75. Duration of each maintenance?
  76. 76. Cost per gate?
  77. 77. 100 year budget?</li></li></ul><li>Closing the controversy<br /><ul><li>MOSE will be built
  78. 78. It will work
  79. 79. It will spare Venice from acquaalta
  80. 80. It is a great public work
  81. 81. As Italians we should be proud of it</li></li></ul><li>Outline<br /><ul><li>History of controversies (resolved)
  82. 82. A Venetian’s perspective
  83. 83. Opportunity costs
  84. 84. The next opportunity</li></li></ul><li>A Venetian’s View<br /><ul><li>Useful?
  85. 85. Adequate?
  86. 86. Opportune?</li></li></ul><li>A Venetian’s View<br /><ul><li>Useful?
  87. 87. Adequate?
  88. 88. Opportune?</li></li></ul><li>The original scare<br />November 4, 1966<br />
  89. 89. The reaction<br />
  90. 90.
  91. 91. The citizens of Venice have been begging for this since 1966…<br />
  92. 92. The citizens of Venice have been begging for this since 1966…<br />
  93. 93. The Venice City Council has consistently voted AGAINST the project from day one!<br />The citizens of Venice have been begging for this since 1966…<br />
  94. 94. What is MOSE useful for?<br /><ul><li>Protecting Venetians’ lives?
  95. 95. Protecting our monuments?
  96. 96. Making daily life easier?
  97. 97. Sparing us costly clean-ups?</li></li></ul><li>What is MOSE useful for?<br /><ul><li>Protecting Venetians’ lives?
  98. 98. Protecting our monuments?
  99. 99. Making daily life easier?
  100. 100. Sparing us costly clean-ups?</li></li></ul><li>But at least the flood gates will save lives…<br />
  101. 101. But at least the flood gates will save lives…<br />
  102. 102. Nobody has ever died of a flood in Venice…<br />But at least the flood gates will save lives…<br />
  103. 103. What is MOSE useful for?<br /><ul><li>Protecting Venetians’ lives?
  104. 104. Protecting our monuments?
  105. 105. Making daily life easier?
  106. 106. Sparing us costly clean-ups?</li></li></ul><li>Monuments will be spared certain destruction…<br />
  107. 107. Monuments will be spared certain destruction…<br />
  108. 108. Has the difference in actual damage caused by water vs. moisture been quantified?<br />Monuments will be spared certain destruction…<br />
  109. 109. What is MOSE useful for?<br /><ul><li>Protecting Venetians’ lives?
  110. 110. Protecting our monuments?
  111. 111. Making daily life easier?
  112. 112. Sparing us costly clean-ups?</li></li></ul><li>Impacts on daily life<br />
  113. 113. What is MOSE useful for?<br /><ul><li>Protecting Venetians’ lives?
  114. 114. Protecting our monuments?
  115. 115. Making daily life easier?
  116. 116. Sparing us costly clean-ups?</li></li></ul><li>What is MOSE useful for?<br /><ul><li>Protecting Venetians’ lives?
  117. 117. Protecting our monuments?
  118. 118. Making daily life easier?
  119. 119. Sparing us costly clean-ups?</li></li></ul><li>How costly are clean-ups?<br /><ul><li>How much for big ones?
  120. 120. Lost business?
  121. 121. Totals per year/decade?
  122. 122. Compared to MOSE?</li></li></ul><li>A Venetian’s View<br /><ul><li>Useful?
  123. 123. Adequate?
  124. 124. Opportune?</li></li></ul><li>But at least it will solve the Acqua Alta problem once and for all…<br />
  125. 125. But at least it will solve the Acqua Alta problem once and for all…<br />
  126. 126. It is a stopgap measure that may last 100 years…<br />at best<br />But at least it will solve the Acqua Alta problem once and for all…<br />
  127. 127.
  128. 128. A Venetian’s View<br /><ul><li>Useful?
  129. 129. Adequate?
  130. 130. Opportune?</li></li></ul><li>Little known fact: the project is fully funded by an Arabian oil prince…<br />
  131. 131. Little known fact: the project is fully funded by an Arabian oil prince…<br />
  132. 132. The Italian Government<br /> is channeling <br />millions of taxpayer euros into this project<br />Little known fact: the project is fully funded by an Arabian oil prince…<br />
  133. 133. €uros<br />€uros<br />€uros<br />
  134. 134. Insula<br />
  135. 135. €uros<br />€uros<br />€uros<br />
  136. 136. Privatizing Restorations<br />
  137. 137. Monuments in Peril?<br />
  138. 138.
  139. 139. A Coke machine in every Campo…<br />
  140. 140. €uros<br />€uros<br />€uros<br />
  141. 141. Outline<br /><ul><li>History of controversies (resolved)
  142. 142. A Venetian’s perspective
  143. 143. Opportunity costs
  144. 144. The next challenge/opportunity</li></li></ul><li>The Opportunity Costs<br /><ul><li>Urban Maintenance
  145. 145. Heritage Preservation
  146. 146. Housing Policies
  147. 147. Economic Development
  148. 148. Control of Tourism</li></li></ul><li>A Venetian’s Concerns…(hint: it’s not acquaalta)<br />
  149. 149. A Venetian’s Concerns…(hint: it’s not acquaalta)<br /><ul><li> Quality of life!
  150. 150. Impacts of Tourism
  151. 151. Economic diversity
  152. 152. Cost of Housing
  153. 153. Demographic Decline</li></li></ul><li>
  154. 154. structures: 191<br />beds: 11208<br />
  155. 155. structures: 202<br />beds: 11615<br />
  156. 156. structures: 274 <br />beds: 12379<br />
  157. 157. structures: 331 <br />beds: 12974<br />
  158. 158. structures: 416<br />beds: 14217<br />
  159. 159. structures: 502 <br />beds: 15322<br />
  160. 160. structures: 632<br />beds: 16149<br />
  161. 161. structures: 834 <br />beds: 17216<br />
  162. 162. structures: 1048 <br />beds: 19145<br />
  163. 163. structures: 1516 <br />beds: 22935<br />
  164. 164.
  165. 165. Outline<br /><ul><li>History of controversies (resolved)
  166. 166. A Venetian’s perspective
  167. 167. Opportunity costs
  168. 168. The next challenge/opportunity</li></li></ul><li>Challenge #1<br />Permanently protect Venice from major<br />sea-level rise<br />
  169. 169.
  170. 170. Permanent “Dutch” solution?<br />
  171. 171.
  172. 172.
  173. 173. ?<br />
  174. 174. Opportunity #1<br />Leverage the expertise developed for MOSE to develop a plan for the permanent closure of the Lagoon<br />(start now)<br />
  175. 175. Challenge #2<br />Control the impacts of tourism <br />on the City and its citizens<br />
  176. 176. ???<br />
  177. 177. Which flood to stop?<br />
  178. 178.
  179. 179. Opportunity #2<br /><ul><li>Develop solutions to limit the number of tourists
  180. 180. Maximize the economic benefits of tourism for all citizens
  181. 181. Eliminate the costs incurred by the City to deal with tourists</li></li></ul><li>Challenge #3<br />Keep Venice from becoming a “dead” museum city<br />
  182. 182. State of “botteghe”<br />
  183. 183.
  184. 184. Opportunity #3<br /><ul><li>Keep housing affordable
  185. 185. Foster economic development in “immaterial” high-technology
  186. 186. Leverage established expertise in:
  187. 187. heritage conservation,
  188. 188. environmental protection,
  189. 189. urban maintenance and
  190. 190. Tourism management</li></li></ul><li>
  191. 191. Save the<br />VENETIANS<br />
  192. 192. FabioCarrera<br />www.venice2point0.org<br />Blog:<br />venice2point0.blogspot.com<br />carrera@wpi.edu<br />carrera@mit.edu<br />
  193. 193. Saving the Venetiansa Venetian’s perspective about the controversy around MOSE <br />Saving Venezia & Protecting New Orleans<br />The Debate Surrounding Italy’s Most Innovative Technology<br />ILICA– St. John’s University<br />New York City: September 25, 2009<br />Prof. Fabio Carrera<br />Worcester Polytechnic Institute<br />Venice Project Center<br />carrera@wpi.edu<br />www.venice2point0.org<br />

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