Boys Adrift

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This is a summary with commentary on Leonard Sax's recent book "Boys Adrift". The ideas of the book are summarized and commentary is provided. Questions are posed at the end.

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Boys Adrift

  1. 1. BOYS ADRIFT LEONARD SAX Summary and commentary by Charlie Roy
  2. 2. Context and Author <ul><li>Leonard Sax: an MD and Psychologist </li></ul><ul><li>Practices outside of Washington DC </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Interest </li></ul><ul><li>Author of “Why Gender Matters” </li></ul><ul><li>Very popular – Washington Post OP-ed </li></ul>
  3. 3. My personal interest <ul><li>Father of twin boys </li></ul><ul><li>Attended an all-male college </li></ul><ul><li>Topic of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Work as an Adminstrator </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 1: The Riddle <ul><li>Chronic presence of disengaged young men </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of drive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>College rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1949 – 70% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1959 – 64% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1969 – 59% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1979 – 49% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1989 - 46% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1999 - 44% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2006 - 42% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Not minimizing the issues with girls </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 2: The First Factor: School <ul><li>Changes in Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not identifying gender differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-literate focus of Kindergarten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weisenchraft vs. kenntnis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Self- Esteem movement </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 3: Factor 2 – Video Games <ul><li>Will to Power </li></ul><ul><li>12 vs 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Erodes work ethic </li></ul><ul><li>Provides needed excitement and challenge </li></ul><ul><li>There are good games </li></ul><ul><li>Advice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 minutes maximum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide other activities </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 4: Factor 3 – ADHD meds <ul><li>The “Timmy” dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Sawyer and ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Focus now and no drive later </li></ul>
  8. 8. Continued….. <ul><li>Dr. Gabrielli </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nucleus accumbens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dr. Carlezon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DLPFC – dorsallateral prefrontal cortex </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 5: endocrine disruptors <ul><li>Developmental hormones </li></ul><ul><li>Something is wrong </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potomac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orlando </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plastics perhaps ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phthalates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bisphenol- A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damaging the PCAP </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Continued… <ul><li>Sexual development of children </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on boys / girls </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chapter 6: end results <ul><li>Trade trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural shift </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portrayal of men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changes in women’s literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples from book </li></ul>
  12. 12. Chapter 7: factor – revenge of the foresaken gods <ul><li>Surviving Cultures and practices </li></ul><ul><li>Boys look for this challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Must be managed </li></ul><ul><li>Can we even define “manliness” any more </li></ul><ul><li>Sax – Men in service to others </li></ul><ul><li>Village and role models under attack </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chapter 8: Detox <ul><li>Pick a good school </li></ul><ul><li>Truly evaluate ADD / ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Male Role-Models </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ending questions <ul><li>Model worth emulating in schools </li></ul><ul><li>Are schools overly feminized </li></ul><ul><li>Are gender roles merely social constructs </li></ul><ul><li>How severe is the problem </li></ul>

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