It’s considered to be one of the most important modes of skill integration.
Students practice in a highly integrated way all the language skills while participating in activities or tasks that focus on important content in areas such as science, mathematics and social studies
“ Any educational approach that considers language learning alone and ignores the learning of subject mater is inadequate to the needs of these learners... What is needed is an integrative approach which relates language learning and content learning, considers language as a medium of learning, and acknowledges the role of context communication.” MOHAN (1986).
Theme-Based: in which the language skills are fully integrated in the study of a theme. Works effectively because the themes are chosen for their relevance, importance, and interest to the students, a key factor for their motivation
Adjunct: in which language and content courses are linked through instructor and curriculum coordination. Two separate courses are conducted , but they are carefully linked.
Sheltered: in which learners are taught the subject matter and the language course work in English is modified to the students’ level of proficiency.
Language skills can and should be integrated in ESL classes for the purpose of providing extensive practice in real-life communication.
Titles of ESL courses should reflect the integration of skills that actually takes place when communication occurs.
In ESL programs at the post-secondary and adult levels, the best combination for integrating language skills is the theme-based and task-based instruction.
Students need to encounter integrated-skill, authentic language about many themes that engage their interest and heighten their motivation. They must encounter these in the form of real-life language tasks.