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Scholars’ Blogs or Scholarly Blogs? Perceptions and Implications for Promotion, Reward and Preservation
 

Scholars’ Blogs or Scholarly Blogs? Perceptions and Implications for Promotion, Reward and Preservation

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Guest talk given at the School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, April 25, 2012.

Guest talk given at the School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, April 25, 2012.

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    Scholars’ Blogs or Scholarly Blogs? Perceptions and Implications for Promotion, Reward and Preservation Scholars’ Blogs or Scholarly Blogs? Perceptions and Implications for Promotion, Reward and Preservation Presentation Transcript

    • SCHOLARS’ BLOGSORSCHOLARLY BLOGS?PERCEPTIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FORPROMOTION, REWARD AND PRESERVATION CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA Assistant Professor ▪ School of Information Studies SCHOOL OF INFO & LIBRARY SCIENCE ▪ 25 APRIL 2012 ▪ CHAPEL HILL
    • BLOGS & PRESERVATION 2006 General Bloggers - Choemprayong & Sheble (UNC) - BlogForever (EU) 2009 Scholar Bloggers - History, Economics, Law, Biology, Chemistry & Physics 2012 Bibliobloggers
    • THE SCHOLARLYRECORD &THE SYSTEMOF SCHOLARLYCOMMUNICATION? blogs
    • FUNCTIONS … FOCUS LEGITIMIZATION INTERVIEWS GROUPS BORGMAN DISSEMINATION (2007) -ACCESS -PRESERVATION -CURATION REGISTRATIONROOSENDAAL CERTIFICATION (2001) AWARENESS FUNCTIONSARCHIVING
    • CONTINUED FOCUS LEGITIMAZATION INTERVIEWS REWARD GROUPS BORGMAN DISSEMINATION VAN DE SOMPEL ET AL. (2004) (2007) -ACCESS -PRESERVATION INSTITUTIONALIZED -CURATION ELEMENTARY HAGSTROM (1965) REGISTRATION EXTRINSICROOSENDAAL CERTIFICATION (2001) INTRINSIC AWARENESS MURRAY & MOORE (2006) FUNCTIONSARCHIVING
    • BLOG Questionnaires Interviews BLOGGER Blog Analysis03 | xx units & data sources research questions
    • RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52% Completed sample: 153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of specifically named personsfrom the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR, 2009) questionnaires (N=294)
    • 24 semi-structured phone interviews72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest interviews
    • Coded 93 blogs Authorship Attributes Blog Elements & Features57 to 63 Indicators Rights & Disclaimers Authority & Audience (on/off blog) Blog Publishing Activity Post Features Archiving blog analysis (SR: 49.5%; (N=188)
    • results
    • AGE years mean real age (range 25 to 70 years old) bloggers
    • AGE years mean professional age (range 0 to 39 years) bloggers
    • ESTABLISHED PUBLICATION AND SERVICE HISTORYbloggers
    • IDENTITY 84 % 8% 13% Real name | Both | Pseudonymlegitimization
    • BLOG AGE years mean blog age (57% between 5 to 8 years old)legitimization & dissemination
    • BLOGGING OVER TIME About the same 35% Somewhat less 25% A lot less 17% Somewhat more 14% A lot more 8%legitimization & dissemination
    • POSTING % make all of their posts publicly availabledissemination & access
    • POSTING BLOG % % published a new post update their blog 1+within the previous week times per weeklegitimization & dissemination
    • PRIMARY AUDIENCE Everyone else 8% students, family, friends, others General public 32% Colleagues and 61% professional peers 0% 100%legitimization & dissemination
    • SCHOLARSHIP Public 100% Allows use andScholarly exchange 94% record 80% Subject to critical review 68% 66% agree with all three criteria Association of Research Libraries (1986).communication? Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., & Helland, P. (2002).
    • INVITATIONS % … to presentimpact & reward
    • INVITATIONS % … to collaborateimpact & reward
    • INVITATIONS % … to serveimpact & reward
    • INVITATIONS % … to publishimpact & reward
    • SCHOLARY LIFE PROMOTION GREATER VISIBILITY WORK ENJOYMENT TEACHING QUALITY SHARING PRE-PUBS IMPROVED WRITING EFFICIENCY NEITHER WRITING QUALITY IMPAIRED RESEARCH QUALITY RESEARCH CREATIVITYRESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% impact & reward
    • ENGAGEMENT % employ a post commenting featuredissemination?
    • ENGAGEMENT % respond to commentsdissemination
    • COMMENTS % of most recent posts had zero commentsdissemination?
    • COMMENTS So looked at earlier postsBLOG
    • COMMENTS 45% 40% 35% 30% POSTS 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 0 1 2-3 4-5 6-10 11-19 ≥ 20 COMMENTSdissemination?
    • RIGHTS & USE Copyright Statement (n=34) Creative Commons (n=13) % no rights or use statements at blog or post levelacross functions
    • DISCLAIMERS Own opinion Not responsible Advice % have an explicit or implicit disclaimer-style statementacross functions
    • COMMENT POLICYModeration Tone & languageCopyright & licenses % have an explicit or implicit comment policy or guidelinesacross functions
    • EDITING Spelling/ Grammar Rephrasing Incorrect Info Published before % ready edit posts after publicationcuration
    • … only 2 blogs includeda policy or statement
    • DELETING Duplicate Post “Post Regret” Too sensitive or revealing % delete posts after publicationcuration
    • PRESERVATION % Agree preservation for public access & use into the indefinite future (strongly or somewhat)preservation
    • PRESERVATION Personal access/use 16% Short-term future Public access/use 19% Short-term future Personal access/use 76% Indefinite future Public access/use 80% Indefinite future 0% 100%preservation
    • SAVING % Purposefully save entire blog via an archiving service or independentlypreservation
    • SAVING Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save some blog components preservation
    • if?What
    • SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
    • Pretty bad. Devastated, both emotionally and professionally. Very sad.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
    • I’d do something drastic [in response]. Mad as hell. Pretty peeved. Angry & upset.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
    • I don’t have to do it anymore. I get half an hour of my life back.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
    • Probably have a drink & forget about it. Not welcomed but not tragic … I’d get over it. Pour another cup of coffee & get Drop out … back to work. until something else comes along.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
    • It would take an extreme catastrophe. How would that happen?SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
    • PRESERVATION PRIORITY Works-in- progress Scientific & Book Scholarly Reviews Research Books Books Traditional Books Peer- Publications Books Reviewed DissertationsLaw review Published Publications & Theses articles Papers Peer- Self- Class Published Reviewed Lab Publications Blogs Papers Publications Notebooks Select Journal Blog Posts Filter Pedagogical Monographs articles Research & Tools Books Blogs Informal Blogs Journal Teaching Journal Publications Filter articles materials Teaching articles Blogs Blogs Blogs Blogs Journal materials Blogs Blogs Blogs Email articles Journal Blogs articles Journal Journal Personnel Blogs Blogs articles articles Communications Blogs HIGHER LOWER
    • BLOG DELETION % have deleted a blogcuration
    • 100%90%80%70% Blogger Co-Author(s)60% Provider/Host/Network50% Search Engine Public Trust40%30%20% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITYpreservation preservation
    • 100%90%80% Blogger Co-Author(s)70% Provider/Host/Network60% Search Engine50% Public Trust40% Natl Library30% Natl Archive20% Instl Library Instl Archive10% Instl IT Dept 0% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITYpreservation preservation
    • Better things to do Personal responsibilityPersonal communications Bad experienceBLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
    • scholarship? check
    • first line of defense
    • first line of defense
    • final line of defense
    • part 2 … or, what’s next
    • AVAILABLE BUT INACTIVENot activelypublished to in previous 3 months (n=156) % left no message behind on where they went or if they would be backBLOG (N=188)
    • DEAR JOHN … THE BLOG BREAK-UP POSTBLOG
    • WHAT’S NEXTThe Biblioblogosphere: A Comparison of Communication andPreservation Perceptions and Practices between Blogging LIS Scholar-Practitioners and LIS Scholar-ResearchersBIBLIOBLOGGERS 2012 OCLC/ALISE LISRGP With Cassidy Sugimoto, CO-PI (IUB)
    • BLOG Questionnaires Interviews BLOGGER Blog Analysis CV analysis03 | xx units & data sources research questions
    • SOURCESAssociation of Research Libraries. (1986). The changing system of scholarly communication. Washington, DC: Author.Borgman, C.L. (2007). Scholarship in the digital age: Information, infrastructure and the Internet. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., & Helland, P. (2002). Institutionalizing a broader view of scholarship through Boyer’s four domains: ASHE-ERIC higher education report. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Hagstrom, W.O. (1965). The scientific community. New York, NY: Basic Books.Murray, R., & Moore, S. (2006). The handbook of academic writing: A fresh approach. Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.Roosendaal, H.E., Guerts, P.A. Th.M., & van der Vet, P.E. (2001). Developments in scientific communication: Considerations on the value chain. Information Services & Use, 21(1), 13-32.Van de Sompel, H., Payette, S., Erickson, J., Lagoze, C., & Warner, S. (2004). Rethinking scholarly communication: Building the system that scholars deserve. D-Lib Magazine, 10(9). doi: 10.1045/september2004-vandesompel
    • THANK YOU …CAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/carolynhankSlideshow:THANKS TO …OCLC/ALISE LISRGPALISE RESEARCHGRANT QUESTIONS?