SCHOLARS’ BLOGSORSCHOLARLY BLOGS?PERCEPTIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FORPROMOTION, REWARD AND PRESERVATION      CAROLYN.HANK@MCGI...
BLOGS & PRESERVATION 2006   General Bloggers        - Choemprayong & Sheble (UNC)        - BlogForever (EU) 2009   Scholar...
THE SCHOLARLYRECORD &THE SYSTEMOF SCHOLARLYCOMMUNICATION?          blogs
FUNCTIONS …   FOCUS      LEGITIMIZATION               INTERVIEWS   GROUPS BORGMAN      DISSEMINATION  (2007)      -ACCESS ...
CONTINUED   FOCUS      LEGITIMAZATION               INTERVIEWS                                   REWARD   GROUPS BORGMAN  ...
BLOG                    Questionnaires                    Interviews          BLOGGER                    Blog Analysis03 |...
RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52%   Completed sample:    153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of...
24 semi-structured phone interviews72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest                                    ...
Coded 93 blogs                          Authorship Attributes                          Blog Elements & Features57 to 63 In...
results
AGE                                   years                mean real age            (range 25 to 70 years old) bloggers
AGE                                years            mean professional age              (range 0 to 39 years) bloggers
ESTABLISHED           PUBLICATION           AND SERVICE               HISTORYbloggers
IDENTITY           84        %                         8%   13%        Real name | Both | Pseudonymlegitimization
BLOG AGE                                       years                       mean blog age                 (57% between 5 to...
BLOGGING OVER TIME              About the same 35%              Somewhat less 25%              A lot less 17%             ...
POSTING                                       %                   make all of their posts                    publicly avai...
POSTING                   BLOG                   %                      % published a new post      update their blog 1+wi...
PRIMARY AUDIENCE             Everyone else                  8%   students, family, friends, others           General publi...
SCHOLARSHIP                      Public 100%                      Allows use andScholarly             exchange 94%  record...
INVITATIONS                                 %                  … to presentimpact & reward
INVITATIONS                                     %                  … to collaborateimpact & reward
INVITATIONS                               %                  … to serveimpact & reward
INVITATIONS                                 %                  … to publishimpact & reward
SCHOLARY LIFE          PROMOTION     GREATER VISIBILITY     WORK ENJOYMENT    TEACHING QUALITY     SHARING PRE-PUBS       ...
ENGAGEMENT                                 %                   employ a post                 commenting featuredisseminati...
ENGAGEMENT                                 %                respond to commentsdissemination
COMMENTS                                  %                 of most recent posts                 had zero commentsdissemin...
COMMENTS       So looked at       earlier postsBLOG
COMMENTS         45%         40%         35%         30% POSTS         25%         20%         15%         10%          5%...
RIGHTS & USE  Copyright  Statement       (n=34)   Creative  Commons       (n=13)                                        % ...
DISCLAIMERS      Own    opinion        Not responsible     Advice                                %                   have ...
COMMENT POLICYModeration     Tone &  languageCopyright &   licenses                               %                    hav...
EDITING    Spelling/  Grammar  Rephrasing  Incorrect Info Published before                          %            ready    ...
… only 2 blogs includeda policy or statement
DELETING  Duplicate        Post “Post Regret” Too sensitive or      revealing                             %               ...
PRESERVATION                                           %   Agree preservation for public access & use into the indefinite ...
PRESERVATION   Personal access/use      16%      Short-term future     Public access/use      19%      Short-term future  ...
SAVING                                         %        Purposefully save entire blog via an         archiving service or ...
SAVING   Export tools         Personal        back-upsDocument/text files     Via syndication            services         ...
if?What
SADNESS           RELIEF              DOUBT          ANGER            C’EST LA VIE
Pretty  bad.               Devastated,           both emotionally and              professionally.                      Ve...
I’d do something    drastic [in response].                        Mad as hell.   Pretty  peeved.                        An...
I don’t have to           do it anymore.       I get half an                                 hour of my                   ...
Probably                              have a drink &                              forget about it.          Not welcomed  ...
It would take an                      extreme catastrophe.                      How would                     that happen?...
PRESERVATION PRIORITY               Works-in-               progress      Scientific & Book       Scholarly Reviews       ...
BLOG DELETION                            %           have deleted a blogcuration
100%90%80%70%                                    Blogger                                       Co-Author(s)60%            ...
100%90%80%                                   Blogger                                      Co-Author(s)70%                 ...
Better things to do Personal responsibilityPersonal communications      Bad experienceBLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
scholarship?    check
first line of defense
first line of defense
final line of  defense
part 2 … or, what’s next
AVAILABLE BUT INACTIVENot activelypublished to in previous   3 months            (n=156)                       %          ...
DEAR JOHN …     THE BLOG   BREAK-UP POSTBLOG
WHAT’S NEXTThe Biblioblogosphere: A Comparison of Communication andPreservation Perceptions and Practices between Blogging...
BLOG                    Questionnaires                    Interviews          BLOGGER                    Blog Analysis    ...
SOURCESAssociation of Research Libraries. (1986). The changing system of scholarly  communication. Washington, DC: Author....
THANK YOU …CAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/carolynh...
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Scholars’ Blogs or Scholarly Blogs? Perceptions and Implications for Promotion, Reward and Preservation

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Guest talk given at the School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, April 25, 2012.

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Scholars’ Blogs or Scholarly Blogs? Perceptions and Implications for Promotion, Reward and Preservation

  1. 1. SCHOLARS’ BLOGSORSCHOLARLY BLOGS?PERCEPTIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FORPROMOTION, REWARD AND PRESERVATION CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA Assistant Professor ▪ School of Information Studies SCHOOL OF INFO & LIBRARY SCIENCE ▪ 25 APRIL 2012 ▪ CHAPEL HILL
  2. 2. BLOGS & PRESERVATION 2006 General Bloggers - Choemprayong & Sheble (UNC) - BlogForever (EU) 2009 Scholar Bloggers - History, Economics, Law, Biology, Chemistry & Physics 2012 Bibliobloggers
  3. 3. THE SCHOLARLYRECORD &THE SYSTEMOF SCHOLARLYCOMMUNICATION? blogs
  4. 4. FUNCTIONS … FOCUS LEGITIMIZATION INTERVIEWS GROUPS BORGMAN DISSEMINATION (2007) -ACCESS -PRESERVATION -CURATION REGISTRATIONROOSENDAAL CERTIFICATION (2001) AWARENESS FUNCTIONSARCHIVING
  5. 5. CONTINUED FOCUS LEGITIMAZATION INTERVIEWS REWARD GROUPS BORGMAN DISSEMINATION VAN DE SOMPEL ET AL. (2004) (2007) -ACCESS -PRESERVATION INSTITUTIONALIZED -CURATION ELEMENTARY HAGSTROM (1965) REGISTRATION EXTRINSICROOSENDAAL CERTIFICATION (2001) INTRINSIC AWARENESS MURRAY & MOORE (2006) FUNCTIONSARCHIVING
  6. 6. BLOG Questionnaires Interviews BLOGGER Blog Analysis03 | xx units & data sources research questions
  7. 7. RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52% Completed sample: 153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of specifically named personsfrom the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR, 2009) questionnaires (N=294)
  8. 8. 24 semi-structured phone interviews72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest interviews
  9. 9. Coded 93 blogs Authorship Attributes Blog Elements & Features57 to 63 Indicators Rights & Disclaimers Authority & Audience (on/off blog) Blog Publishing Activity Post Features Archiving blog analysis (SR: 49.5%; (N=188)
  10. 10. results
  11. 11. AGE years mean real age (range 25 to 70 years old) bloggers
  12. 12. AGE years mean professional age (range 0 to 39 years) bloggers
  13. 13. ESTABLISHED PUBLICATION AND SERVICE HISTORYbloggers
  14. 14. IDENTITY 84 % 8% 13% Real name | Both | Pseudonymlegitimization
  15. 15. BLOG AGE years mean blog age (57% between 5 to 8 years old)legitimization & dissemination
  16. 16. BLOGGING OVER TIME About the same 35% Somewhat less 25% A lot less 17% Somewhat more 14% A lot more 8%legitimization & dissemination
  17. 17. POSTING % make all of their posts publicly availabledissemination & access
  18. 18. POSTING BLOG % % published a new post update their blog 1+within the previous week times per weeklegitimization & dissemination
  19. 19. PRIMARY AUDIENCE Everyone else 8% students, family, friends, others General public 32% Colleagues and 61% professional peers 0% 100%legitimization & dissemination
  20. 20. SCHOLARSHIP Public 100% Allows use andScholarly exchange 94% record 80% Subject to critical review 68% 66% agree with all three criteria Association of Research Libraries (1986).communication? Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., & Helland, P. (2002).
  21. 21. INVITATIONS % … to presentimpact & reward
  22. 22. INVITATIONS % … to collaborateimpact & reward
  23. 23. INVITATIONS % … to serveimpact & reward
  24. 24. INVITATIONS % … to publishimpact & reward
  25. 25. SCHOLARY LIFE PROMOTION GREATER VISIBILITY WORK ENJOYMENT TEACHING QUALITY SHARING PRE-PUBS IMPROVED WRITING EFFICIENCY NEITHER WRITING QUALITY IMPAIRED RESEARCH QUALITY RESEARCH CREATIVITYRESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% impact & reward
  26. 26. ENGAGEMENT % employ a post commenting featuredissemination?
  27. 27. ENGAGEMENT % respond to commentsdissemination
  28. 28. COMMENTS % of most recent posts had zero commentsdissemination?
  29. 29. COMMENTS So looked at earlier postsBLOG
  30. 30. COMMENTS 45% 40% 35% 30% POSTS 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 0 1 2-3 4-5 6-10 11-19 ≥ 20 COMMENTSdissemination?
  31. 31. RIGHTS & USE Copyright Statement (n=34) Creative Commons (n=13) % no rights or use statements at blog or post levelacross functions
  32. 32. DISCLAIMERS Own opinion Not responsible Advice % have an explicit or implicit disclaimer-style statementacross functions
  33. 33. COMMENT POLICYModeration Tone & languageCopyright & licenses % have an explicit or implicit comment policy or guidelinesacross functions
  34. 34. EDITING Spelling/ Grammar Rephrasing Incorrect Info Published before % ready edit posts after publicationcuration
  35. 35. … only 2 blogs includeda policy or statement
  36. 36. DELETING Duplicate Post “Post Regret” Too sensitive or revealing % delete posts after publicationcuration
  37. 37. PRESERVATION % Agree preservation for public access & use into the indefinite future (strongly or somewhat)preservation
  38. 38. PRESERVATION Personal access/use 16% Short-term future Public access/use 19% Short-term future Personal access/use 76% Indefinite future Public access/use 80% Indefinite future 0% 100%preservation
  39. 39. SAVING % Purposefully save entire blog via an archiving service or independentlypreservation
  40. 40. SAVING Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save some blog components preservation
  41. 41. if?What
  42. 42. SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  43. 43. Pretty bad. Devastated, both emotionally and professionally. Very sad.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  44. 44. I’d do something drastic [in response]. Mad as hell. Pretty peeved. Angry & upset.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  45. 45. I don’t have to do it anymore. I get half an hour of my life back.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  46. 46. Probably have a drink & forget about it. Not welcomed but not tragic … I’d get over it. Pour another cup of coffee & get Drop out … back to work. until something else comes along.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  47. 47. It would take an extreme catastrophe. How would that happen?SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  48. 48. PRESERVATION PRIORITY Works-in- progress Scientific & Book Scholarly Reviews Research Books Books Traditional Books Peer- Publications Books Reviewed DissertationsLaw review Published Publications & Theses articles Papers Peer- Self- Class Published Reviewed Lab Publications Blogs Papers Publications Notebooks Select Journal Blog Posts Filter Pedagogical Monographs articles Research & Tools Books Blogs Informal Blogs Journal Teaching Journal Publications Filter articles materials Teaching articles Blogs Blogs Blogs Blogs Journal materials Blogs Blogs Blogs Email articles Journal Blogs articles Journal Journal Personnel Blogs Blogs articles articles Communications Blogs HIGHER LOWER
  49. 49. BLOG DELETION % have deleted a blogcuration
  50. 50. 100%90%80%70% Blogger Co-Author(s)60% Provider/Host/Network50% Search Engine Public Trust40%30%20% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITYpreservation preservation
  51. 51. 100%90%80% Blogger Co-Author(s)70% Provider/Host/Network60% Search Engine50% Public Trust40% Natl Library30% Natl Archive20% Instl Library Instl Archive10% Instl IT Dept 0% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITYpreservation preservation
  52. 52. Better things to do Personal responsibilityPersonal communications Bad experienceBLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
  53. 53. scholarship? check
  54. 54. first line of defense
  55. 55. first line of defense
  56. 56. final line of defense
  57. 57. part 2 … or, what’s next
  58. 58. AVAILABLE BUT INACTIVENot activelypublished to in previous 3 months (n=156) % left no message behind on where they went or if they would be backBLOG (N=188)
  59. 59. DEAR JOHN … THE BLOG BREAK-UP POSTBLOG
  60. 60. WHAT’S NEXTThe Biblioblogosphere: A Comparison of Communication andPreservation Perceptions and Practices between Blogging LIS Scholar-Practitioners and LIS Scholar-ResearchersBIBLIOBLOGGERS 2012 OCLC/ALISE LISRGP With Cassidy Sugimoto, CO-PI (IUB)
  61. 61. BLOG Questionnaires Interviews BLOGGER Blog Analysis CV analysis03 | xx units & data sources research questions
  62. 62. SOURCESAssociation of Research Libraries. (1986). The changing system of scholarly communication. Washington, DC: Author.Borgman, C.L. (2007). Scholarship in the digital age: Information, infrastructure and the Internet. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., & Helland, P. (2002). Institutionalizing a broader view of scholarship through Boyer’s four domains: ASHE-ERIC higher education report. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Hagstrom, W.O. (1965). The scientific community. New York, NY: Basic Books.Murray, R., & Moore, S. (2006). The handbook of academic writing: A fresh approach. Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.Roosendaal, H.E., Guerts, P.A. Th.M., & van der Vet, P.E. (2001). Developments in scientific communication: Considerations on the value chain. Information Services & Use, 21(1), 13-32.Van de Sompel, H., Payette, S., Erickson, J., Lagoze, C., & Warner, S. (2004). Rethinking scholarly communication: Building the system that scholars deserve. D-Lib Magazine, 10(9). doi: 10.1045/september2004-vandesompel
  63. 63. THANK YOU …CAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/carolynhankSlideshow:THANKS TO …OCLC/ALISE LISRGPALISE RESEARCHGRANT QUESTIONS?
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