Investigating Blogs and Facebook in Academe: Research Approaches and Considerations
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Investigating Blogs and Facebook in Academe: Research Approaches and Considerations

on

  • 358 views

Presentation given on October 11, 2012 at the Social Media Lab at Dalhousie University. ...

Presentation given on October 11, 2012 at the Social Media Lab at Dalhousie University.

Abstract: This presentation provides an overview of the decisions, strategies and protocols informing the research design for four studies recently completed or underway. Funded in part through a Eugene Garfield Dissertation Fellowship awarded by Beta Phi Mu, the first is a descriptive study of blogging scholars, and their blogs, in the areas of history, economics, law, biology, chemistry and physics. Data was collected through questionnaires, interviews and blog analysis. Sampling for this study resulted in the identification of many blogs found to be publicly available but no longer actively published to. This led to the second study, “Dispatches from Blog Purgatory.” It entails content analysis of the final posts published to scholars’ publicly available, but inactive blogs. The third study utilizes questionnaires, interviews, and blog and CV analysis to examine and contrast two subsets of bibliobloggers: blogging academic librarians and blogging information and library science faculty and researchers. The final study adopts a multiple-case approach to examine library and information science faculty and students’ practices, perceptions and expectations when interacting informally through Facebook. Data is collected through focus group and individual interviews, questionnaires, and policy analysis.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
358
Views on SlideShare
358
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

CC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Investigating Blogs and Facebook in Academe: Research Approaches and Considerations Investigating Blogs and Facebook in Academe: Research Approaches and Considerations Presentation Transcript

  • INVESTIGATING BLOGS &FACEBOOK IN ACADEMERESEARCH APPROACHES & CONSIDERATIONS CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA Assistant Professor ▪ School of Information Studies DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY ▪ 11 OCTOBER 2012 ▪ HALIFAX, NS
  • partone
  • TEACHINGIN THE AGE OF FACEBOOKAND OTHER SOCIAL MEDIA:LIS FACULTY AND STUDENTS’ FRIENDINGAND POKING IN THE SOCIAL SPHERE facebook View slide
  • WHOWHYHOW 2012 ALISE Research Grant Competition View slide
  • Carolyn Hank PI (McGill)Cassidy Sugimoto Co-PI (IUB) Jeff Pomerantz Co-PI (UNC)
  • Carolyn Hank PI (McGill)Cassidy Sugimoto Co-PI (IUB) Jeff Pomerantz Co-PI (UNC)
  • Carolyn Hank PI (McGill)Cassidy Sugimoto Co-PI (IUB) Fred Jeff Pomerantz Stutzman, Co-PI (UNC) Advisor (UNC)
  • SOCIAL NETWORK SITES 59% OF ADULT INTERNET USERS USE 1+ SNSs BASED ON 79% OF AMERICANS WHO REPORT USING THE INTERNET (N=2,255)Data Source: Hampton et al. (2011)Image Source: Donovan (2010)
  • SNS USERS ON FACEBOOK 92 %Source: Hampton et al. (2011)
  • FACULTY USE OF FACEBOOK 57 % VISITED FACEBOOK IN THE PAST MONTH (N=1,920)Source: Moran et al. (2011)
  • FACULTY USE OF FACEBOOK 43 % POSTED TO FACEBOOK IN THE SAME PERIOD (N=1,920)Source: Moran et al. (2011)
  • FRIENDS HIGH SCHOOL EXTENDED FAMILY CO-WORKERS COLLEGE FRIENDS IMMEDIATE FAMILY PEOPLE FROM VOLUNTEER GROUPS NEIGHBORS 229 FACEBOOK FRIENDS REPORTED, FOR AVERAGE FACEBOOK USER IN SAMPLESource: Hampton et al. (2011)
  • FACULTY & STUDENT … “FRIENDS”229 FACEBOOK FRIENDSknown about howFACEBOOK USER IN SAMPLE Little is REPORTED, FOR AVERAGE students and faculty interact informally on Facebook
  • DUAL RELATIONSHIPS TEACHER MENTOR SUPERVISOR “… a professional tries to simultaneously fill EMPLOYER two or more different COLLABORATOR roles.” Rupert & Holmes, 1997, p. 661 COLLEAGUE FRIEND
  • CONTEXT COLLAPSE TEACHER MENTOR SUPERVISOR BLURRED BOUNDARIES EMPLOYER BETWEEN OUR COLLABORATOR PERSONAL AND COLLEAGUE PROFESSIONAL LIVES … FRIEND AMONG A VARIETY OF RELATIVE CHANNELS PARTNER ETC.
  • GUIDANCE ON DUAL RELATIONSHIPS HONOR CODES/CODES OFCONDUCT SNS POLICIES Metzger et al. (2010)
  • Describe LIS faculty andstudents’ informalinteractions viaFacebook research objectives
  • Inform social networkand communicationpolicy decision-makingat LIS programs research objectives
  • Inform futureapproaches for otheracademic units,regardless of discipline,to investigateconnections betweenpedagogy and socialnetwork sites, includingFacebook research objectives
  • HOW?Develop and pilot test anapproach to studying …
  • … LIS faculty, students’ andadministrators’ perceptions,experiences, practices, and decision-making formanaging communicationswith one another, if at all, via Facebook;
  • … their expectations for such communications,including issues related to disclosure and privacy;
  • … and the impact ofclassroom and institutional policies, if any, on such interactions.
  • RESEARCH DESIGN MCGILL IUB SETTINGS UNC
  • RESEARCH DESIGN FOCUS 1:1 POLICY WEB-BASED FOCUSGROUPS INTERVIEWS INTERVIEWS ANALYSIS SURVEYS GROUPSFACULTY ASSOC. DEANS/ SYLLABI Q1: FACULTYSTUDENTS DIRECTOR SOCIAL MEDIA Q2: STUDENTS-UG INST’L POLICIES-MLIS -SCHOOL-PhD -FACULTY -UNIVERISTY SPRING-SUMMER 2012 SUMMER-FALL 2012 FALL-WINTER 2012EXPLORATORY TOOLS DESCRIPTIVE
  • SOURCES … so farHampton et al. (2011). Social networking sites and our lives. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project. http://pewinternet.org/ Reports/2011/Technology-and-social-networks.aspxMoran, M., Seaman, J., & Tinti-Kane, H. (2011). Teaching, learning, and sharing: How today’s higher education faculty use social media. Boston, MA: Pearson Learning Solutions. Retrieved from http://www.pearsonlearningsolutions.com/educators /pearson-social-media-survey-2011-bw.pdfRupert, P.A., & Holmes, D.L. (1997). Dual relationships in higher education: Professional and institutional guidelines. Journal of Higher Education, 68(6), 660-678.[Image Source] Donovan, K. (2010, January 29). Social media heart collage. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/ kdonovan_gaddy/4314365065/
  • part twofour studies from 2006 through today
  • BLOGS &PRESERVATION General Bloggers - CHOEMPRAYONG & SHEBLE (2006-2008) - BLOGFOREVER: EU-FUNDED PROJECT (http://blogforever.eu) Scholar Bloggers - HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SCIENCES, PROF. & USEFUL ARTS -HISTORY, ECONOMICS, LAW, BIOLOGY, CHEMISTRY & PHYSICS - BIBLIOBLOGGERS
  • 2006-20081 GENERAL BLOGGERS QUESTIONNAIRES n=223 SNOWBALL SAMPLINGSheble, L., Choemprayong, S., & Hank. C. (2007). Preservation in context: Survey of blogging behaviors. In Proceedings of the Third International Digital Curation Conference. Edinburgh: Digital Curation Centre.
  • 2006-20081 GENERAL BLOGGERSFindings FutureBlog:Blogger not 1:1 MethodContent dynamic ResponsibilityBloggers interested in DP Access scenariosSave some but not all Use scenariosPersonal responsibility Intellectual PropertyCapability, though? VersioningAccess, use and extent? Process in time conclusions
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) BLOG n=93 QUESTIONNAIRES INTERVIEWS BLOGGER n=153 BLOG ANALYSIS HISTORY, ECONOMICS, LAW, BIOLOGY, CHEMISTRY & PHYSICSHank. C. (2011). Scholars and their blogs: Characteristics, preferences, and perceptions impacting digitalpreservation (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database (UMI No. 3456270).
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) How do scholars who blog perceive their blog in relation to their cumulative scholarly record? research questions
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) How do they perceive their blog in relation to long-term stewardship? Who do they perceive as responsible as well as capable for blog preservation? research questions
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) What blog characteristics impact preservation? What blogger behaviours impact preservation? research questions
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Multiple instances Multiple authors ? Scholar blogger(?) Scholarly blog(?) Currency Timing design considerations
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Questionnaires BLOGS InterviewsBLOGGERS Blog Analysis data sources/units of analysis
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) NEEDLE IN A HAYSTACK population sampling issues
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) CHAMELEON IN A HAYSTACK population sampling issues
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Purposive Sampling Academic Blog Portal 644 <http://www.academicblogs.org> blogs History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys sample source
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) HOMOGENEITY SAMPLE Blogs & bloggers CODING Nine criteria SYSTEM sampling
  • BLOG ELIGIBILITYCONTINUED PUBLICLY AVAILABLE PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG TIME-STAMPED POSTS ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLDPERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)
  • CONTINUEDAUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE SCHOLARS SCHOLAR CRITERIA a) 1+ descriptor: Ph.D., Dr., Professor, Reader, Lecturer, Doctoral Student, or Doctoral Candidate b) 1+ descriptor (Scholar, Academic, Researcher, Research Director, Fellow, Biologist) and institutional affiliation c) Link to blogger’s CV or the like with 1+ citation to a journal article d) Graduate student and explicit reference to area of study or pursuant degree
  • ASSESSMENT History Econ Law Sciences Criterion Freq (%) Freq (%) Freq (%) Freq (%)Publicly available 168 (90%) 163 (85%) 113 (95%) 126 (88%)Published in English 159 (84%) 151 (79%) 111 (93%) 123 (85%)Knowledge or 146 (77%) 140 (73%) 93 (78%) 119 (83%)personal blogTime-stamped posts 145 (77%) 140 (73%) 93 (78%) 118 (82%)Actively published to 68 (36%) 83 (43%) 58 (49%) 62 (43%)At least 1 year old 58 (31%) 66 (34%) 53 (45%) 54 (38%)Personal identifiers in 53 (28%) 59 (31%) 48 (40%) 48 (33%)regard to authorshipAuthored by 1 or morebloggers meeting 46 (24%) 51 (27%) 47 (40%) 44 (31%)scholar parameters
  • ELIGIBLE BLOGS (29%) 125 Single-Blogs | 63 Co-Blogs sampling frame one
  • BLOGGER ELIGIBILITY CO-BLOGS : POSTED W/IN 1 MONTH CO-BLOGS: MEETS SCHOLAR CRITERIA ALL BLOGS: BLOGGER CONTACT INFO
  • ELIGIBLE BLOGGERS 107 Single Bloggers | 187 Co-Bloggers sampling frame two
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Lenhart & Fox (2006) Herring et al. (2005a, b) Morton and Price (1999) Olsen et al. (2009) Do not Rainie (2005) White & Winn (2009) Hank et al. (2007) reinventthe wheel instrument design
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) QUESTIONNAIRESQ1 (single-bloggers): 41 to 58 questions Q2 (co-bloggers): 41 to 62 questions Qualtrics questionnaires
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) PRE-TESTING us/uk bloggers researchers preservationists questionnaires
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) All eligible bloggers invited (N=294) Personalized Email Salutation | Blog Title | Blog URL | PIN Manual Invite and 2 reminders Timing of invitation email Available for 3 weeks No inducements questionnaire administration
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52% Completed sample: 153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of specifically named personsfrom the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR, 2009) completed sample
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) 24 semi-structured phone interviews 72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest interviews
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Concurrent to other data collection 11 to 14 questions Protocol | Debriefing sheet| Pre-testing 24 phone interviews Semi-structured 15 to 25+ minutes interviews
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE)Coded 93 blogs: 61 single/32 co-blogs (SR: 49.5%) Authorship Attributes Blog Elements & Features Rights & Disclaimers57 to 63 Indicators Authority & Audience (ON/OFF BLOG) Blog Publishing Activity Post Features Archiving blog analysis
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) …tick tock tick tock Time in Single-Blog Co-Blog Count Minutes Frequency (%) Frequency (%) ≤9 17 (28%) 5 (15%) 10 to 19 32 (52%) 24 (73%) 20 to 29 9 (15%) 2 (6%) 30 to 39 2 (3%) 1 (6%) ≥ 40 1 (2%) - blog analysis
  • REMEMBER … History Econ Law Sciences Criterion Freq (%) Freq (%) Freq (%) Freq (%)Publicly available 168 (90%) 163 (85%) 113 (95%) 126 (88%)Published in English 159 (84%) 151 (79%) 111 (93%) 123 (85%)Knowledge or 146 (77%) 140 (73%) 93 (78%) 119 (83%)personal blogTime-stamped posts 145 (77%) 140 (73%) 93 (78%) 118 (82%)Actively published to 68 (36%) 83 (43%) 58 (49%) 62 (43%)At least 1 year old 58 (31%) 66 (34%) 53 (45%) 54 (38%)Personal identifiers in 53 (28%) 59 (31%) 48 (40%) 48 (33%)regard to authorshipAuthored by 1 or morebloggers meeting 46 (24%) 51 (27%) 47 (40%) 44 (31%)scholar parameters WHAT ABOUT THOSE INACTIVE, BUT PUBLICLY AVAILABLE BLOGS?
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE)Available but not actively published to % in previous 3 months left no message behind (n=156) on where they went or if they will be back etc. blog analysis
  • 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) BLOGX BLOG ANALYSIS n=909 N=1779 no new posts > 3 months HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SCIENCES, PROF. & USEFUL ARTSHank. C., & Lent, A.R. (2012). Dispatches from blog purgatory: Final messages from scholars’ inactive blogs.#Influence12: Symposium & workshop on measuring influence on social media. Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE)“SENTIMENT ANALYSIS” BY HAND PRELIMINARY! 556 ACTIVE BLOGS (61%) 353 (39%) INACTIVE BLOGS currently published no new posts “farewell” post? 230NONE (65%) 77 (22%) LAST POST ONLY
  • 2012-PRESENT4 BIBLIOBLOGGERSBLOG X BLOG QUESTIONNAIRES INTERVIEWS BLOGGER BLOG ANALYSIS CV ANALYSIS OCLC/ALISE Library & Information Science Research Grant Program ACADEMIC LIBRARIANS & BIBLIOBLOGGERS? INFORMATION AND LIBRARY SCIENCE not bible … FACULTY/RESEARCHERS
  • 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) results(?) BIBLIOBLOGGERS 2012-PRESENT4 BIBLIOBLOGGERS
  • SCHOLARSHIP Public 100% Allows use andScholarly exchange 94% record 80% Subject to critical review 68% 66% agree with all three criteria Association of Research Libraries (1986)2 Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., SCHOLAR BLOGGERS & Helland, P. (2002)
  • SCHOLARLY LIFE PROMOTION GREATER VISIBILITY WORK ENJOYMENT TEACHING QUALITY SHARING PRE-PUBS IMPROVED WRITING EFFICIENCY NEITHER WRITING QUALITY IMPAIRED RESEARCH QUALITY RESEARCH CREATIVITYRESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to present2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to collaborate2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to serve2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to publish2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • PRESERVATION % preservation for public access & use into the indefinite future2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • PRESERVATION Personal access/use 16% Short-term future Public access/use 19% Short-term future Personal access/use 76% Indefinite future Public access/use 80% Indefinite future 0% 100%2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 100%90%80%70% Blogger Co-Author(s)60% Provider/Host/Network50% Search Engine Public Trust40%30%20% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY2 preservation SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 100%90%80% Blogger Co-Author(s)70% Provider/Host/Network60% Search Engine50% Public Trust40% Natl Library Natl Archive30% Instl Library20% Instl Archive10% Instl IT Dept 0% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY2 preservation SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • Better things to do2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • PRESERVATION PRIORITY Journal articles Books Blogs Peer-Reviewed Pubs Blogs Published Papers Journal articles Filter Dissertations Teaching materials & Theses Blogs Pedagogical Research & Tools Class Self-Publications Blogs Traditional Publications Lab Notebooks Select Scientific & Scholarly Research Monographs Blog Posts Works-in-progress Email Informal Publications Law review articles Personnel Book Reviews Books Communications HIGHER LOWER2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • Better things to do Personal responsibility2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • SAVING Subscription services Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save entire blog via an archiving service or independently 2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • SAVING Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save some blog components 2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • Better things to do Personal responsibility Personal communications2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • DISCLAIMERS THOUGH 80% FEEL BLOG IS PART OF THEIR SCHOLARLY RECORD … Own opinion Not responsible Advice % have an explicit or implicit disclaimer-style statement BLOG2
  • Better things to do Personal responsibility Personal communications Bad experience2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • more … SOURCESAssociation of Research Libraries. (1986). The changing system of scholarly communication. Washington, DC: Author.Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., & Helland, P. (2002). Institutionalizing a broader view of scholarship through Boyer’s four domains: ASHE-ERIC higher education report. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Hank. C. (2011). Scholars and their blogs: Characteristics, preferences, and perceptions impacting digital preservation (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database (UMI No. 3456270).Hank, C., Sheble, L., & Choemprayong, S. (2007). Informing blog appraisal through bloggers’ perspectives on selection and preservation. Paper presented at the Conference on Appraisal in the Digital World, Rome, Italy.Hank. C., & Lent, A.R. (2012). Dispatches from blog purgatory: Final messages from scholars’ inactive blogs. #Influence12: Symposium & workshop on measuring influence on social media. Halifax, Nova Scotia.Herring, S.C., Kouper, I., Paolillo, J.C., Scheidt, L.A., Tyworth, M., Welsch, P., Wright, E., & Yu, N. (2005). Conversations in the blogosphere: An analysis “from the bottom up.” In Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii International Conference on System Science. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Press.
  • more … SOURCESHerring, S.C., Scheidt, L.A., Wright, E., & Bonus, S. (2005). Weblogs as a bridging genre. Information Technology & People, 18(2), 142-171. doi: 10.1108/09593840510601513.Lenhart, A., & Fox, S. (2006). Bloggers: A portrait of the Internet’s new story tellers. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2006/Bloggers.aspx.Morton, H.C., & Price, A.J. (1989). The ACLS survey of scholars: Final report of views on publications, computers, and libraries. Washington DC: Office of Scholarly Communication and Technology, American Council of Learned Societies.Olsen, D., Berlin, E., Olsen, E., McLean, J., & Sussman, M. (2009). State of the blogosphere: 2009. Technorati. Retrieved from http://technorati.com/ blogging/feature/state-of-the-blogosphere-2009/.Rainie, L. (2005). The state of blogging. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2005/The- State-of-Blogging.aspx.Sheble, L., Choemprayong, S., & Hank. C. (2007). Preservation in context: Survey of blogging behaviors. In Proceedings of the Third International Digital Curation Conference. Edinburgh: Digital Curation Centre.White, D., & Winn, P. (2009). State of the blogosphere: 2008. Technorati. Retrieved from http://technorati.com/blogging/feature/state-of-the-blogosphere-2008/.
  • THANK YOU …CAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/carolynhank/Slideshow:THANKS TO …FACEBOOK: ALISE 2012 RESEARCH GRANTBLOGS: OCLC/ALISE LIS RESEARCH GRANT PROGRAM;BETA PHI MU (EUGENE GARFIELD DISSERTATION AWARD QUESTIONS?