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The Blogs of Today, Tomorrow?

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Presentation given at Simmons College, December 3, 2012

Presentation given at Simmons College, December 3, 2012


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  • 1. THE BLOGSOF TODAY,TOMORROW ?PERCEPTIONS ON PRESERVATION CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA Assistant Professor ▪ School of Information Studies GSLIS ▪ SIMMONS COLLEGE ▪ 03 DECEMBER 2012 ▪ BOSTON
  • 2. partone a little about me
  • 3. 2004-2005OCLC - SENSE-MAKING THE INFORMATION CONFLUENCE - MOVING FROM PRINT TO HYBRID JOURNAL SUBSCRIPTIONSOCLC RESEARCH - DIGITAL CURATION/INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY COMM.2005-present - CAROLINA DIGITAL REPOSITORYUNC - DIGCCURR I (DIGITAL CURATION CURRICULUM) - DIGCCURR II (PROFESSIONAL TRAINING)AT CHAPEL HILL - DIGITAL PRESERVATION, ACCESS & CURATION - HUMAN INFORMATION INTERACTION2010-present - GRANTS: BLOGS & FACEBOOKMCGILL - CONSULTANT, BLOGFOREVER.EU - RESEARCH ETHICS BOARD - ARCHIVAL STUDIES STREAMSCHOOL OF INFORMATION STUDIES - TEACHING, ADVISING & SUPERVISING
  • 4. part twoFOUR BLOG STUDIES FROM 2006 THROUGH TODAY
  • 5. 2006-20081 GENERAL BLOGGERS QUESTIONNAIRES n=223 SNOWBALL SAMPLINGSheble, L., Choemprayong, S., & Hank. C. (2007). Preservation in context: Survey of blogging behaviors. In Proceedings of the Third International Digital Curation Conference. Edinburgh: Digital Curation Centre.
  • 6. 2006-20081 GENERAL BLOGGERS first line of defense Garrett & Waters, 1996
  • 7. 2006-20081 GENERAL BLOGGERS 133 million blogs indexed by Technorati between 2002 and 2008. White & Winn, 2009
  • 8. 2006-20081 GENERAL BLOGGERS People rely heavily on service providers, often taking no additional actions toward the persistence of their user- generated content. Marshall, Bly & Brun-Cottan, 2006
  • 9. 2006-20081 GENERAL BLOGGERS Findings FutureBlog to blogger not 1:1 Research design Content dynamic Co-produsageInterest in preservation Others responsible? Save some but not all Capability, though? Personal responsibility Access, use & extent? conclusions
  • 10. what about … Academic Blog Portal SCHOLARS’ BLOGS? http://www.academicblogs.org “There is a growing fuss … can be a significant form ofFUNCTIONS communication.” LEGITIMAZATION Lynch, cont. BORGMAN DISSEMINATION (2007) - ACCESS REWARD? - PRESERVATION VAN DE SOMPEL ET AL. (2004) - CURATION INSTITUTIONALIZED & ELEMENTARY REGISTRATION HAGSTROM (1965)ROOSENDAAL CERTIFICATION ET AL. EXTRINSIC / INTRINSIC (2001) AWARENESS MURRAY & MOORE (2006) ARCHIVING
  • 11. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) How do scholars who blog perceive their blog in relation to their cumulative scholarly record? research questions
  • 12. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) How do they perceive their blog in relation to long-term stewardship? Who do they perceive as responsible as well as capable for blog preservation? research questions
  • 13. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) What blog characteristics impact preservation? What blogger behaviours impact preservation? research questions
  • 14. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Multiple instances Multiple authors ? Scholar blogger(?) Scholarly blog(?) Currency Timing design considerations
  • 15. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) BLOG n=93 QUESTIONNAIRES INTERVIEWS BLOGGER n=153 BLOG ANALYSIS HISTORY, ECONOMICS, LAW, BIOLOGY, CHEMISTRY & PHYSICSHank. C. (2011). Scholars and their blogs: Characteristics, preferences, and perceptions impacting digitalpreservation (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database (UMI No. 3456270).
  • 16. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) NEEDLE IN A HAYSTACK population sampling issues
  • 17. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) CHAMELEON IN A HAYSTACK population sampling issues
  • 18. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Purposive Sampling Academic Blog Portal 644 <http://www.academicblogs.org> blogs History | Economics | Law | BioChemPhys sample source
  • 19. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) HOMOGENEITY SAMPLE Frame 1: Blogs CODING Frame 2: Bloggers SYSTEM (Nine Criteria in Total) sampling
  • 20. BLOG ELIGIBILITY (644) CONTINUED PUBLICLY AVAILABLE = 570 (86%) PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH = 544 (84%)KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG = 498 (77%) TIME-STAMPED POSTS = 496 (77%) ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO = 271 (42%) AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD = 231(36%) IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP) = 208 (32%)
  • 21. CONTINUEDAUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE SCHOLARS … SCHOLAR CRITERIA a) 1+ descriptor: Ph.D., Dr., Professor, Reader, Lecturer, Doctoral Student or Candidate b) 1+ descriptor (Scholar, Academic, Researcher, Research Director, Fellow, Biologist) and institutional affiliation c) Link to blogger’s CV or the like with 1+ citation to a journal article d) Graduate student and explicit reference to area of study or pursuant degree
  • 22. ELIGIBLE BLOGS … ULTIMATELY (29%)125 Single-Blogs | 63 Co-Blogs sampling frame one
  • 23. BLOGGER ELIGIBILITY CO-BLOGS : POSTED W/IN 1 MONTHCO-BLOGS: MEETS SCHOLAR CRITERIA ALL BLOGS: BLOGGER CONTACT INFO
  • 24. ELIGIBLE BLOGGERS … ULTIMATELY 107 Single Bloggers | 187 Co-Bloggers sampling frame two
  • 25. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) QUESTIONNAIRESQ1 (single-bloggers): 41 to 58 questions Q2 (co-bloggers): 41 to 62 questions Qualtrics questionnaire design
  • 26. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) All eligible bloggers invited (N=294) Personalized Email Salutation | Blog Title | Blog URL | PIN Invite and 2 reminders Timing of invitation email Available for 3 weeks No inducements questionnaire administration
  • 27. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52% Completed sample: 153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of specifically named personsfrom the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR, 2009) completed sample
  • 28. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) 24 semi-structured phone interviews 72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest interviews
  • 29. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) Concurrent to other data collection 11 to 14 questions Protocol | Debriefing sheet| Pre-testing 24 phone interviews Semi-structured 15 to 25+ minutes interviews
  • 30. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE)Coded 93 blogs: 61 single/32 co-blogs SR: 49.5% Authorship Attributes Blog Elements & Features Rights & Disclaimers57 to 63 Indicators Authority & Audience ON/OFF BLOG Blog Publishing Activity Post Features Archiving blog analysis
  • 31. CONTINUED REMEMBER … PUBLICLY AVAILABLE = 570 (86%) PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH = 544 (84%)KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG = 498 (77%) TIME-STAMPED POSTS = 496 (77%) *** ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO = 271 (42%) *** AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD = 231(36%) IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP) = 208 (32%)
  • 32. WHAT ABOUT THOSE BLOGS THAT ARE INACTIVE BUT STILL PUBLICLY AVAILABLE … As reported by Viegas (2005),bloggers assume persistency of their blogs unless deliberate action istaken (by the blogger) to remove it.
  • 33. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE)Available but not actively published to % in previous 3 months left no message behind (n=156) on where they went or if they will be back etc. blog analysis
  • 34. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) BLOGX BLOG ANALYSIS n=909 N=1779 no new posts > 3 months HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCES, SCIENCES, PROF. & USEFUL ARTSHank. C., & Lent, A.R. (2012). Dispatches from blog purgatory: Final messages from scholars’ inactive blogs.#Influence12: Symposium & workshop on measuring influence on social media. Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • 35. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE)“SENTIMENT ANALYSIS” BY HAND PRELIMINARY! 556 ACTIVE BLOGS (61%) 353 (39%) INACTIVE BLOGS currently published no new posts “a note tacked to the door?” 230 NONE (65%) 77 (22%) LAST POST ONLY 46 (13%) 2ND OR 3RD
  • 36. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) THE END IS HERE … “This blog has completed its mission.” “I will leave the blog up for whatever value it has. And I thank those of you who have commented and sent encouraging support. Now, it is my aim to have more time to paint and write.”
  • 37. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) I’M STILL HERE … “... at any rate, Im not ready to throw in the towel, despite a year of not blogging here. Ive gotten too much out of it - great friends, even my current job - to quit just yet. The question is: How do I get the motivation back?”
  • 38. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) I’LL BE BACK … [AUG 2012] “I’m shocked by how long it’s been since I’ve posted on here. I’ve put up a few posts over at ... since I stopped posting here, but not many. I’m posting this to say that I’ll soon be back!” (2nd to most recent post: June 15, 2010) “This site is under construction and will be until I stop being lazy.”
  • 39. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) SEE YOU LATER … just not here “I’ve begun to feel like this blog is less and less suited to my day-to-day activities. Rather than try to force it to fit, I’ve decided to build something new.”
  • 40. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) APPRECIATION … or not “And, of course, my schedule will be a bit more flexible once I am free of this aged blog, this paltry thing.” [COMMENT]: “Where are you man, why you are not writing anymore”
  • 41. 2011-PRESENT3 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (INACTIVE) RMA … remember me always “There may still be some activity on this site as I back-fill some old and (for inactive blogs) posts from other blogging platforms. My goal is to eventually have this as a (more or less) complete archive of my personal blogging from early 1998 to this year.” “I want to keep the site up. I would be sad if the archives disappeared. Lots of good stuff. But keeping the place up? … well, we’ll see.”
  • 42. 2012-PRESENT4 BIBLIOBLOGGERSBLOG X BLOG QUESTIONNAIRES INTERVIEWS BLOGGER BLOG ANALYSIS CV ANALYSIS OCLC/ALISE Library & Information Science Research Grant Program ACADEMIC LIBRARIANS & BIBLIOBLOGGERS? INFORMATION AND LIBRARY SCIENCE not bible … FACULTY/RESEARCHERS
  • 43. 2009-20112 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS (ACTIVE) RESULTS 2012-PRESENT4 BIBLIOBLOGGERS
  • 44. SCHOLARSHIP Public 100% Allows use andScholarly exchange 94% record 80% Subject to critical review 68% 66% agree with all three criteria Association of Research Libraries (1986)2 Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., SCHOLAR BLOGGERS & Helland, P. (2002)
  • 45. SCHOLARLY LIFE PROMOTION GREATER VISIBILITY WORK ENJOYMENT TEACHING QUALITY SHARING PRE-PUBS IMPROVED WRITING EFFICIENCY NEITHER WRITING QUALITY IMPAIRED RESEARCH QUALITY RESEARCH CREATIVITYRESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 46. INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to present2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 47. INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to collaborate2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 48. INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to serve2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 49. INVITATIONS … impact & reward % … to publish2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 50. PRESERVATION % preservation for public access & use into the indefinite future2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 51. PRESERVATION Personal access/use 16% Short-term future Public access/use 19% Short-term future Personal access/use 76% Indefinite future Public access/use 80% Indefinite future 0% 100%2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 52. 100%90%80%70% Blogger Co-Author(s)60% Provider/Host/Network50% Search Engine Public Trust40%30%20% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY2 preservation SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 53. first line of defense2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 54. final line of defense2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 55. 100% 90% 80% Blogger Co-Author(s) 70% Provider/Host/Network 60% Search Engine 50% Public Trust 40% Natl Library Natl Archive 30% Instl Library 20% Instl Archive 10% Instl IT Dept 0% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY2 preservation SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 56. Better things to do2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 57. PRESERVATION PRIORITY Journal articles Books Blogs Peer-Reviewed Pubs Blogs Published Papers Journal articles Filter Dissertations Teaching materials & Theses Blogs Pedagogical Research & Tools Class Self-Publications Blogs Traditional Publications Lab Notebooks Select Scientific & Scholarly Research Monographs Blog Posts Works-in-progress Email Informal Publications Law review articles Personnel Book Reviews Books Communications HIGHER LOWER2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 58. Better things to do Personal responsibility2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 59. SAVING Subscription services Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save entire blog via an archiving service or independently 2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 60. SERVICESSubscription to web or blog archiving or back-up service examples: BACKUPIFY BLOGBACKUPR BACKUPMYBLOG INTERNET ARCHIVE LOC’s LEGAL BLAWGS ARCHIVE2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 61. SAVING Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save some blog components 2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 62. BUT … RIGHTS & USE Copyright Statement (n=34) Creative Commons (n=13) % no rights or use statements at blog or post level BLOG2
  • 63. Better things to do Personal responsibility Personal communication2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 64. DISCLAIMERS THOUGH 80% FEEL BLOG IS PART OF THEIR SCHOLARLY RECORD … Own opinion Not responsible Advice % have an explicit or implicit disclaimer-style statement BLOG2
  • 65. Better things to do Personal responsibility Personal communications Bad experience2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 66. DELETING THOUGH 80% FEEL BLOG SHOULD BE PRESERVED … Duplicate Post “Post Regret” Too sensitive or revealing % delete posts after publication2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 67. BLOG DELETION % have deleted a blog2 SCHOLAR BLOGGERS
  • 68. if?What
  • 69. SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  • 70. Pretty bad. Devastated, both emotionally and professionally. Very sad.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  • 71. I’d do something drastic [in response]. Mad as hell. Pretty peeved. Angry & upset.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  • 72. I don’t have to do it anymore. I get half an hour of my life back.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  • 73. Probably have a drink & forget about it. Not welcomed but not tragic … I’d get over it. Pour another cup of coffee & get Drop out … back to work. until something else comes along.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  • 74. It would take an extreme catastrophe. How would that happen?SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  • 75. COMING SOON … RESULTS ANTICIPATED SPRING 2013 2012-PRESENT4 BIBLIOBLOGGERS
  • 76. SOURCESAssociation of Research Libraries. (1986). The changing system of scholarly communication. Washington, DC: Author.Borgman, C.L. (2007). Scholarship in the digital age: Information, infrastructure and the Internet. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., & Helland, P. (2002). Institutionalizing a broader view of scholarship through Boyer’s four domains: ASHE-ERIC higher education report. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Bruns, A. (2006). Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and beyond: From production to produsage. New York, NY: Peter Lang.Garrett, J., & Waters, D. (1996). Preserving digital information: Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information. (CLIR Publication No. 63). Washington, DC: The Commission on Preservation and Access. Retrieved from http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub63watersgarrett.pdfHagstrom, W.O. (1965). The scientific community. New York, NY: Basic Books.Hank. C. (2011). Scholars and their blogs: Characteristics, preferences, and perceptions impacting digital preservation (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations & Theses database (UMI No. 3456270).
  • 77. SOURCESHank. C., & Lent, A.R. (2012). Dispatches from blog purgatory: Final messages from scholars’ inactive blogs. #Influence12: Symposium & workshop on measuring influence on social media. Halifax, Nova Scotia.Hank, C., Sheble, L., & Choemprayong, S. (2007). Informing blog appraisal through bloggers’ perspectives on selection and preservation. Paper presented at the Conference on Appraisal in the Digital World, Rome, Italy.Lynch, C.A. (2004). Editor’s interview with Clifford A. Lynch. RLG DigiNews, 8(4).Marshall, C.C., Bly, S., & Brun-Cottan, F. (2006). The long term fate of our digital belongings: Toward a service model for personal archives. Archiving 2006 Final Program and Proceedings, 3 (pp. 25–30). Springfield, VA: Society for Imaging Sciences and Technology.Murray, R., & Moore, S. (2006). The handbook of academic writing: A fresh approach. Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.Roosendaal, H.E., Guerts, P.A. Th.M., & van der Vet, P.E. (2001). Developments in scientific communication: Considerations on the value chain. Information Services & Use, 21(1), 13-32.
  • 78. SOURCESSheble, L., Choemprayong, S., & Hank. C. (2007). Preservation in context: Survey of blogging behaviors. In Proceedings of the Third International Digital Curation Conference. Edinburgh: Digital Curation Centre.Van de Sompel, H., Payette, S., Erickson, J., Lagoze, C., & Warner, S. (2004). Rethinking scholarly communication: Building the system that scholars deserve. D-Lib Magazine, 10(9). doi: 10.1045/september2004-vandesompelViegas, F.B. (2007). Bloggers expectations of privacy and accountability: An initial survey. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 10(3). Retrieved from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol10/issue3/viegas.htmlWhite, D., & Winn, P. (2009). State of the blogosphere: 2008. Technorati. Retrieved from http://technorati.com/blogging/feature/state-of-the-blogosphere-2008/
  • 79. THANKS TO … - OCLC/ALISE LIS RESEARCH GRANT PROGRAMFUNDERS - BETA PHI MU (EUGENE GARFIELD DISSERTATION AWARD - DR. SONGPHAN CHOEMPRAYONG - LAURA SHEBLECOLLEAGUES - RICHARD DAVIS - DR. CASSIDY SUGIMOTO - DR. HELEN TIBBO - DR. LYNN SILIPIGNI CONNAWAY - DR. RICHARD MARCIANOCOMMITTEE (PLUS) - DR. JEFFREY POMERANTZ - PAUL JONES - DR. DEBORAH BARREAU - DR. CHRISTOPHER (CAL) LEE - DAVID PCOLAR
  • 80. AND THANK YOUCAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/carolynhank/Slideshow: QUESTIONS?