(Nov 2011) Blogademia Today, Tomorrow? Scholar Bloggers' Preservation Perceptions, Preferences & Practices

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Event:
Digital Curation Institute Symposium
November 22, 2011
4:30-6:30pm
iSchool, University Of Toronto

Abstract:
This presentation reports select findings from two descriptive studies of blogs and bloggers in the areas of history, economics, law, biology, chemistry and physics. The first study focused on scholar bloggersʼ preferences for digital preservation, as well as their publishing behaviors and blog characteristics that influence preservation action. Findings are drawn from 153 questionnaires, 24 interviews, and content analysis of 93 blogs. Briefly, questionnaire respondents are generally interested in blog preservation with a strong sense of personal responsibility. Most feel their blogs should be preserved for both personal and public access and use into the indefinite, rather than short-term, future. Over half of questionnaire respondents report saving their blog content, in whole or in part, and many interviewees expressed a sophisticated understanding of issues of digital preservation. However, the findings also indicate that bloggers exhibit behaviors and preferences complicating preservation action, including issues related to rights and use, co-producer dependencies, and content integrity.

The second study, currently on-going, looks toward the public availability of scholar blogs over-time, with findings drawn from a sample of 644 blogs. Content analysis is currently underway on inactive blogs, characterized as available, but with no new posts published within three months of coding. Initial analysis of the most recent post published to these inactive blogs shows that some bloggers did provide indicators of their respective blogʼs declining activity or, in some cases, blog stoppage. However, such indicators are only present in a clear minority of publicly available, yet inactive blogs. These preliminary findings offer implications for both personal and programmatic preservation approaches, including, notably, issues related to selection and appraisal.

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(Nov 2011) Blogademia Today, Tomorrow? Scholar Bloggers' Preservation Perceptions, Preferences & Practices

  1. 1. BLOGADEMIA TODAY,TOMORROW?SCHOLAR BLOGGERS’ PRESERVATIONPERCEPTIONS, PREFERENCES & PRACTICES CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA Assistant Professor ▪ School of Information Studies DIGITAL CURATION INSTITUTE SYMPOSIUM ▪ 22 NOV 2011 ▪ iSCHOOL ▪ TORONTO
  2. 2. BLOG Questionnaires Interviews BLOGGER Blog Analysis03 | xx units & data sources research questions
  3. 3. Purposive SamplingAcademic Blog Portal <http://www.academicblogs.org> source
  4. 4. Purposive SamplingAcademic Blog Portal <http://www.academicblogs.org> source?
  5. 5. History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys06 | xx population blogs
  6. 6. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”06 | xx blog eligibility population
  7. 7. 8a. [CO-BLOGS] POSTED W/IN 1 MONTH8b. [CO-BLOGS] MEETS SCHOLAR CRITERIA9. [ALL BLOG] BLOGGER CONTACT INFO blogger eligibility
  8. 8. part 1
  9. 9. RESEARCH QUESTIONS How do scholars who blog perceive their blog in relation to their cumulative scholarly record? scholarship?
  10. 10. RESEARCH QUESTIONS How do scholars who blog perceive their blog in relation to long-term stewardship? Who do they perceive as responsible as well as capable for blog preservation? stewardship?
  11. 11. RESEARCH QUESTIONS What blog characteristics impact preservation? What blogger behaviours impact preservation? preservable?
  12. 12. History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys (29%) 125 Single-Blogs | 63 Co-Blogs06 | xx eligible blogs (N=644) population
  13. 13. 107 Single-Bloggers | 187 Co-Bloggers eligible bloggers
  14. 14. RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52% Completed sample: 153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of specifically named personsfrom the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR, 2009) questionnaires (N=294)
  15. 15. 24 semi-structured phone interviews72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest interviews
  16. 16. Coded 93 blogs Authorship Attributes Blog Elements & Features57 to 63 Indicators Rights & Disclaimers Authority & Audience (on/off blog) Blog Publishing Activity Post Features Archiving blog analysis (SR: 49.5%)
  17. 17. results
  18. 18. 100% have ESTABLISHED published at least 1 unit types. PUBLICATION 49% 7+ unit types. AND SERVICE HISTORY BLOGGER
  19. 19. peer-reviewed articleconference proceedingsessay.article.op-ed (other)book chapter book reviewmonograph (author) comment (journal)book review (other) monograph (editor) textbook BLOGGER
  20. 20. SERVICE 91% have performed at least 1 of Journal editor/ 38% these service associate editor activitiesManuscript/book 70% evaluator Journal article 79% referee 0% 100% BLOGGER
  21. 21. BLOG INSTANCES % publish to 2 or more blogs BLOGGER
  22. 22. BLOG HISTORY % first blog published to BLOGGER
  23. 23. BLOG AGE years mean blog age (57% between 5 to 8 years old)BLOG
  24. 24. BLOGGING OVER TIME About the same 35% Somewhat less 25% A lot less 17% Somewhat more 14% A lot more 8% BLOGGER
  25. 25. MICROBLOGGING % do not tweet BLOGGER
  26. 26. HOST LOCATION Paid host Blog networkCommercial Server % free blog publishing and hosting service BLOG
  27. 27. APPLICATION % use Blogger or WordPressBLOG
  28. 28. IDENTITY 84 % 8% 13% Real name | Both | PseudonymBLOG
  29. 29. POSTING % make all of their posts publicly available BLOGGER
  30. 30. POSTING % update their blog 1+ times per week BLOGGER
  31. 31. POSTING % published a new post within the previous weekBLOG
  32. 32. POSTING posts Average posts per month (2,726 posts published August 1-31, 2010; outlier 324)BLOG
  33. 33. POST ANALYSISText 99% Links 82% (avg. 5) 544 total words Photos 16% 79 quoted words465 original words Other image elements 16% BLOG
  34. 34. PRIMARY AUDIENCE Everyone else 8% students, family, friends, others General public 32% Colleagues and 61% professional peers 0% 100% BLOGGER
  35. 35. ENGAGEMENT % employ a post commenting feature BLOGGER
  36. 36. ENGAGEMENT % respond to comments BLOGGER
  37. 37. COMMENTS % of most recent posts had zero commentsBLOG
  38. 38. COMMENTSSo looked at postsfrom 1 year earlierBLOG
  39. 39. COMMENTS 2009 45% 40% 35% 30%POSTS 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 0 1 2-3 4-5 6-10 11-19 ≥ 20 COMMENTSBLOG
  40. 40. RIGHTS & USE Copyright Statement (n=34) Creative Commons (n=13) % no rights or use statements at blog or post levelBLOG
  41. 41. DISCLAIMERS Own opinion Notresponsible Advice % have an explicit or implicit disclaimer-style statementBLOG
  42. 42. COMMENT POLICYModeration Tone & languageCopyright & licenses % have an explicit or implicit comment policy or guidelinesBLOG
  43. 43. EDITING Spelling/ Grammar Rephrasing Incorrect InfoPublished before % ready edit posts after publication BLOGGER
  44. 44. … only 2 blogs includeda policy or statementBLOG
  45. 45. DELETING Duplicate Post“Post Regret”Too sensitive or revealing % delete posts after publication BLOGGER
  46. 46. SCHOLARSHIP Public 100% Allows use andScholarly exchange 94% record 80% Subject to critical review 68% 66% agree with all three criteria Association of Research Libraries (1986). Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., BLOGGER & Helland, P. (2002).
  47. 47. INVITATIONS % … to present BLOGGER
  48. 48. INVITATIONS % … to collaborate BLOGGER
  49. 49. INVITATIONS % … to serve BLOGGER
  50. 50. INVITATIONS % … to publish BLOGGER
  51. 51. SCHOLARY LIFE PROMOTION GREATER VISIBILITY WORK ENJOYMENT TEACHING QUALITY SHARING PRE-PUBS IMPROVED WRITING EFFICIENCY NEITHER WRITING QUALITY IMPAIRED RESEARCH QUALITY RESEARCH CREATIVITYRESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% BLOGGER
  52. 52. PRESERVATION % Agree preservation for public access & useinto the indefinite future (strongly or somewhat) BLOGGER
  53. 53. PRESERVATION Personal access/use 16% Short-term future Public access/use 19% Short-term future Personal access/use 76% Indefinite future Public access/use 80% Indefinite future 0% 100% BLOGGER
  54. 54. SAVING % Purposefully save entire blog via an archiving service or independently) BLOGGER
  55. 55. SAVING Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save some blog components BLOGGER
  56. 56. ACCESS Google 98% Technorati 77%Internet Archive 80% Library of Congress 50%BLOG
  57. 57. if?What
  58. 58. SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  59. 59. Pretty bad. Devastated, both emotionally and professionally. Very sad.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  60. 60. I’d do something drastic [in response]. Mad as hell. Pretty peeved. Angry & upset.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  61. 61. I don’t have to do it anymore. I get half an hour of my life back.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  62. 62. Probably have a drink & forget about it. Not welcomed but not tragic … I’d get over it. Pour another cup of coffee & get Drop out … back to work. until something else comes along.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  63. 63. It would take an extreme catastrophe. How would that happen?SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  64. 64. PRESERVATION PRIORITY Works-in- progress Scientific & Book Scholarly Reviews Research Books Books Traditional Books Peer- Publications Books Reviewed DissertationsLaw review Published Publications & Theses articles Papers Peer- Self- Class Published Reviewed Lab Publications Blogs Papers Publications Notebooks Select Journal Blog Posts Filter Pedagogical Monographs articles Research & Tools Books Blogs Informal Blogs Journal Teaching Journal Publications Filter articles materials Teaching articles Blogs Blogs Blogs Blogs Journal materials Blogs Blogs Blogs Email articles Journal Blogs articles Journal Journal Personnel Blogs Blogs articles articles Communications Blogs HIGHER LOWER
  65. 65. BLOG DELETION % have deleted a blog BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
  66. 66. 100%90%80%70% Blogger Co-Author(s)60% Provider/Host/Network50% Search Engine Public Trust40%30%20% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS preservation
  67. 67. 100%90%80% Blogger Co-Author(s)70% Provider/Host/Network60% Search Engine50% Public Trust40% Natl Library30% Natl Archive20% Instl Library Instl Archive10% Instl IT Dept 0% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS preservation
  68. 68. Better things to do Personal responsibilityPersonal communications Bad experienceBLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
  69. 69. first line of defense
  70. 70. first line of defense
  71. 71. final line of defense
  72. 72. Dynamic, changingCo-producer dependencies Understandability Versioning Rights and Use Some Archiving Activity
  73. 73. part 2 … or, what’s next
  74. 74. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”BLOG
  75. 75. SAME TIME, NEXT YEAR?BLOG
  76. 76. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”BLOG
  77. 77. DEAR JOHN … THE BLOG BREAK-UP POSTBLOG
  78. 78. AS OF FRIDAY … THE BIBLIOBLOGOSPHERE A Comparison of Communication and Preservation Perceptions and Practices between Blogging LIS Scholar-Practitioners and LIS Scholar-Researchers Awarded 2012 OCLC/ALISE LIS Research Grant (Co-PI: Dr. Cassidy Sugimoto, Indiana-Bloomington)
  79. 79. OTHER WORK …SIGNIFICANT PROPERTIES OF BLOGSTWITTER & BLOGS & GARVEY &GRIFFITHPERSONAL BLOG ARCHIVINGINVENTORYBLOGFOREVER (http://blogforever.eu/)
  80. 80. THANK YOUCAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684Web: http://ils.unc.edu/~hcarolynSlideshow: QUESTIONS?

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