Siting: LNG Federal/state conflict resolved with EPAct 2005 which FERC's "exclusive authority" (15 USC § 717b) States retain authority under CZMA, CWA
Siting: LNG <ul><ul><li>"while the EPAct of 2005 might have streamlined the federal [LNG siting] review process in some respects and changed the rules under which the review takes place, it has not dramatically changed the balance of power between the federal government and states." --J. Dweck, Siting LNG Facilities, 27 Energy Law Journal (2006) at 475 </li></ul></ul>
Siting: Conditional Licenses <ul><ul><li>FERC grants license or certificate, but commencement of construction made contingent upon applicant obtaining necessary state authorizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawfulness subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States have to veto </li></ul></ul>
Siting: MOUs for Offshore Wind & MHK <ul><ul><li>MOU between DOI and and 10 states to create Atlantic Offshore Wind Consortium for "efficient, expeditious and responsible" development of offshore wind on OCS April 2009, online at http://tinyurl.com/27p36mt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MOUs between FERC and select states to coordinate MHK (online at http://www.ferc.gov/industries/hydropower/indus-act/hydrokinetics.asp ) </li></ul></ul>
Siting: Coastal & State Marine Spatial Planning <ul><ul><li>Regional planning approach for ocean siting, with review by National Oceans Council (NOC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obama Executive CMSP Plan will leverage existing state efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan online at http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/oceans/cmsp </li></ul></ul>
Siting: Interstate compacts <ul><ul><li>NGA and FPA allow states to create "interstate compacts" to site electric transmission or gas pipelines subject to Congressional approval of compact (15 USC § 717j, Section 216, FPA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed HB1817 Pennsylvania House of Representatives would create MidAtlantic Council to site pipelines instead of FERC (online at http://www.pahousegop.com/NewsItemPrint.aspx?NewsID=9510 ) </li></ul></ul>
Renewables Policy: State RPS <ul><ul><li>Issue: States need to meet RPS, but need transmission to import renewables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FERC NOPR: RTOs and transmission utilities must take account of state renewables policy goals during transmission planning RM 10-23, June 17, 2010 (online at www.ferc.gov/whats-new/comm-meet/2010/061710/E-9.pdf ) </li></ul></ul>
Renewables Policy: Feed-In Tariff <ul><ul><li>Issue; States want to set feed-in rates to encourage renewables, but FERC has exclusive jurisdiction over wholesale ratemaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FERC Solution: States can use PURPA authority to set feed-in rates (FERC Docket 10-64, 66, (July 15, 2010) online at http://www.troutmansandersenergyreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/CPUC.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejected proposal: Allow states to set feed-in rates and obtain blanket FERC approval for program (see NREL Paper, S. Hempling, C. Elefant, K. Corey (online at http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy10osti/47408.pdf ) </li></ul></ul>
Renewables Policy: National versus state benefits <ul><ul><li>· Energy Bill - national RPS (would create national market for RECs, necessitate transmission) · Inslee feed-in proposals - nationally structured feed-in tariffs State push back: RPS programs that favor state projects (Canadian wind developer sues Massachusetts for solar carve out and preferential contracts, claiming commerce clause violations (partial settlement online at: http://tinyurl.com/2urv9vs </li></ul></ul>
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