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Modern Day Egypt and the placement     of the Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings
Tomb of Hatshepsut
Entrance to the Tomb of King Tut
Tomb of Tuthmoses III with images of         Amduat on walls
Tutankhamun
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgTPH5y1-ZI
Rosetta StoneAncientEgyptian Demotic   Greek
The creator God Khnum
Khnum having created the Ba and Ka
Ra with the sun disk on his head
Nut holding up the sky
Nut
Nut in her form as a cow
Geb
Geb, the god of the earth and Nut, the          goddess of the sky
Thoth, Associated with the heart: the         seat of the wisdom
Thoth
Thoth with baboon head
Osiris and Isis
King Tut with Nut from the tomb of          Tutankhamen
Amduat First Hour
Ankh sign of life
First Hour
Maat: wearing ostrich feather
The Hdt or Hedget: White Crown of           Upper Egypt
Copy of a painted limestone wall relief from Thebesshows Mentuhoptep II, the last Pharaoh to wear the            Red Crown...
The Hedget, the white crown of UpperEgypt and the Deshret, the Red Crown            of Lower Egypt
Sekhmet
First Hour
Khepri
Khepri
Khepri
Neith wearing the Red Crown of Lower                Egypt
Nephthys
Detail from First Hour, lower register
Review of first hour
Amduat 2nd Hour
Amduat 2nd Hour
Ma-at
Maat: with the ostrich feather, she is justiceand truth personified as a goddess and here  she is holding the ankh and Was...
Ma-at
In this familiar image of the weighing of  the heart, ones heart is weighed by  Anubis against the weight of Ma-at’s      ...
Remember that Anubis is the child ofNepthys and Osiris…the infant left inthe rushes, found by Isis , and raisedas her own ...
Preparation of a mummy by Anubis
Weighing of the heart of the deceasedby Anubis. This protects the dead from              deception
Sekhmet (Sakhmet) is one of the oldest known Egyptian deities. Her name is derived from theEgyptian word "Sekhem" (which m...
Sekmet has many     attributes, but  above all, she is the   protector of Ma-at,   balance or justice. Sekmet is also call...
Horus was the protector andpatron of the pharaoh.Horus was associatedwith Upper Egypt (asHeru-Ur in Nekhen) andLower Egypt...
An ancient myth describes a battlebetween Horus and Set in which Horus´right eye was torn out and Set lost histesticles! T...
The Wadjet (or Ujat, meaning "WholeOne") is a powerful symbol of protectionalso known as the "Eye of Horus" and the       ...
During the battle with  Set, the eye of Horus  was torn into 6 parts:each section depicting afraction and a one of the    ...
Horus-SetHorus and Set werealways placed inopposition to eachotherSet was theembodiment ofdisorder and chaoswhile Horus wa...
Horus and Set crowning Rameses the                2nd
Horus represented thedaytime sky while Setrepresented the nighttime sky. However, in early times the two   were also seen ...
The moon and the sun were initiallythought of as the left and right eyes   of Horus. According to legend,   Horus left eye...
Thoth, healerof the divine     eye
Thoth, godof wisdom and lunar god, whohelped Nutby playinggame with  Khonsu
Khnum:ancient Egyptian god offertility, associated with water and with                procreation
Khnum
Geb, the god of the earth and Nut, the          goddess of the sky
Isis was her Greek name, but shewas known to the ancient Egyptiansas Aset (or Ast, Iset, Uset), which isusually translated...
ISIS
Amduat 2nd Hour
These next 4 boats are actually following the sunbarque, carrying provisions        and symbols
Sobek, Ancient god of crocodiles
Sobek with Hathor
Sobek
Isis with thesuckling Horus
The Virgin Nursing the Child with St. John         the Baptist in Adoration     Portugese artist Giampietrino
Amduat 2nd Hour
3rd hour Amduat
Ptah: creator God of Memphis
Falcon making the Henu gesture of             praise
Sokar, the solar god is imaged as a manwith the head of a falcon or as a falcon
3rd hour Amduat
Elephantine
The Hedget, the white crown of UpperEgypt and the Deshret, the Red Crown            of Lower Egypt
At around 3100 B.C., King Menesdefeated the king of Lower Egypt. Afterthis he united both lands and calledhimself king of ...
Around 3000 BC, King Menesestablished Memphis as the capital of          the unified Egypt
The legend goes on to tell howKing Menes even designed a newcrown to celebrate his victory.This double crown was there for...
Third Hour: Rowing on the water of Osiris
In the Amduat, the triumph of life overdeath is imaged over and over in thesymbolism of vegetationThe Blessed Dead are pro...
Thus the   3rd   hour is also called:Water of the Unique Lord, which brings             forth nourishment
Anubis, the jackal headed God, son of Nephthys and Osiris                     God of embalming
PTAHThe creator-god ofMemphis, and during thelong period the city servedas the capital of Egypt itwas known as Het-ka-Ptah...
Shabaka stone containing the theology            of Memphis
The heiroglyph text of the Shabakastone:likely the first record of theistic         creation in existence
Henu Position
The name of the 2nd Barque isPakhetLion headed goddess whose attributes areFEROCITY AND FEMININITYINNER STRENGTH
Pakhet:A huntress whowandered the desertalone at night lookin gforprey. She was alsocalled the The NightHuntress with shar...
Often Kherty (232)(Aken) would navigate the boatin the underworld
KHNUM   Chief Deity of ElephantineResponsible for the inundation of the Nile reaching Egypt at          Elephantine
(263)MeshkenetGoddess of Childbirth
MESHKENET: GODDESS OF CHILDBIRTH
Meskhenet was also present in the Hall ofthe Double Maat. Standing near thescales, she assisted in the re-birth of thesoul...
Orion (271)
(277) King Before AnIchneumon, ca. 664-332     B.C.E. Bronze
Egyptian Mongoose,    Ichneumon
Like other mongooses, theEgyptian Mongoosewill attack and eat venomoussnakes.They haveat least two different types ofresis...
Magical Egypt: Navigating the    AfterlifeEpisode 5 - Part 2
National Geographic Channel          Zawi Hawass Egyptian Secrets of the Afterlife 1/3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hT8PBHI4rns
4th hour: The land of Sokar, who is           upon his sand
SokarGod of the Dead and lord   of the Memphite       necropolis
Seti I Before Sokarfrom the tomb of        Seti I
Sokar
At the burial theofficiating priest brought  everything to life with    sacred words andgestures, this ceremony   was know...
Sokar and the “opening of the mouth”              ceremony
Opening of the    Mouth  Ceremony breathing lifeinto the young      King Tutankhamen
Since the Pyramid Texts, Sokar hasbeen identified with      Osiris
In order to understand the  gods of ancient Egypt,   one must understand       syncretism.
Syncretismthe Egyptian practice of linking, or combining different deities  into the body or identity of a           singl...
Sokar-Osiris
Sokar-Ptah-Osiris
Ptah-Sokar-Osiris
Ptah-Sokar-    Osiris  PtolemaicPeriod, 332–30      BC
Selkis (283) or Serket HetytThe scorpion headed goddess
Selkis
SelkisShe who causes the throat to    breathe
The job of Selkis is toprotect the victim fromthe venomous effects of  the scorpion sting.
Detail of 4th hour
Nehebkau, God who Joinedthe Ka to the Body, God ofProtection and Magic
Nehebkau
Nehebkau and the Udjat eye of Horus
Onuris: a Solar God of hunting
He is said to have journeyed to Nubia in  order to bring back the ‘Eye of Ra’.
Onuris, son of Ra, protector of his solar              deity father
Onuris was united with the god Shu and became the  double god Onuris-Shu.
Shu, God of the Sky
Ramesses before Onuris-Shu
Ramesses before Onuris-Shu
Khepri (326), seen as winged sun disc in                this hour
Khepri is therenewed form of the      Sun God
Khepri in modern jewelry!
Khepri
5th hour
Egyptian Secrets of the Afterlife 2/3       http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAD5Op9hn1       E
5th hour
Magical Egypt: Navigating the Afterlife         - Episode 5 - Part 3        http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZloBqdWg3I
Khepera orKhepri: the rising sun
Khepri, thesun-god, fromthe Tomb ofTutmosis IIIValley of theKingsLuxor Egypt
Shu: First Sonof Ra. Hisname meanslife giving dryair andsunlight
Tefnut: daughter ofRa: wasassociated with themorning dew. Shewas associatedwith types ofmoisture
In the Coffin Texts, Shu andTefnut are not differentiatedfrom Ra. And the three aretreated as a trinity. . .
Ra/Shu/Tefnut are described in the   Coffin Texts as “The one who      developed into three.”
Geb, the earth, child of the first sexual  union between male and female
Geb and his sister NutNote that Geb’s knees are bent up torepresent the mountains of the earth
Nut
At Ra’sinstruction,ShuseparatesGeb from Nut
Shu separates Geb from Nut
Osiris, Isis, and Nephthys
Isis Legend Well She met the Phoenician maidensat these stairs, shown leading down    to the spring at Byblos today.
Horus of the Netherworld
Each king was acclaimed as a ‘Living Horus’ and were shown as Hawks     preying on their enemies                          ...
Heqa Sceptre: symbol with the longesthistory meaning “ruler,” representingthe king as the shepherd of his people
Egyptian Secrets of the Afterlife 3/3      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K5ACjOdc_sc
7th Hour of the Amduat
<http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2002/egypt/tomb_vr_1.shtm>
10th hour of the Amduat
12 hour of the Amduat
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=          UPlITw1YPj0        Old Lady and Mercedes!
Egyptian Mathematics and modern      computer mathematics
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation
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A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation

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A more complete version with much more information on the different gods and goddesses of the Amduat

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  • Transcript of "A much more complete Amduat Slideshare presentation"

    1. 1. Modern Day Egypt and the placement of the Valley of the Kings
    2. 2. Valley of the Kings
    3. 3. Tomb of Hatshepsut
    4. 4. Entrance to the Tomb of King Tut
    5. 5. Tomb of Tuthmoses III with images of Amduat on walls
    6. 6. Tutankhamun
    7. 7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgTPH5y1-ZI
    8. 8. Rosetta StoneAncientEgyptian Demotic Greek
    9. 9. The creator God Khnum
    10. 10. Khnum having created the Ba and Ka
    11. 11. Ra with the sun disk on his head
    12. 12. Nut holding up the sky
    13. 13. Nut
    14. 14. Nut in her form as a cow
    15. 15. Geb
    16. 16. Geb, the god of the earth and Nut, the goddess of the sky
    17. 17. Thoth, Associated with the heart: the seat of the wisdom
    18. 18. Thoth
    19. 19. Thoth with baboon head
    20. 20. Osiris and Isis
    21. 21. King Tut with Nut from the tomb of Tutankhamen
    22. 22. Amduat First Hour
    23. 23. Ankh sign of life
    24. 24. First Hour
    25. 25. Maat: wearing ostrich feather
    26. 26. The Hdt or Hedget: White Crown of Upper Egypt
    27. 27. Copy of a painted limestone wall relief from Thebesshows Mentuhoptep II, the last Pharaoh to wear the Red Crown of Lower Egypt.
    28. 28. The Hedget, the white crown of UpperEgypt and the Deshret, the Red Crown of Lower Egypt
    29. 29. Sekhmet
    30. 30. First Hour
    31. 31. Khepri
    32. 32. Khepri
    33. 33. Khepri
    34. 34. Neith wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt
    35. 35. Nephthys
    36. 36. Detail from First Hour, lower register
    37. 37. Review of first hour
    38. 38. Amduat 2nd Hour
    39. 39. Amduat 2nd Hour
    40. 40. Ma-at
    41. 41. Maat: with the ostrich feather, she is justiceand truth personified as a goddess and here she is holding the ankh and Was sceptre
    42. 42. Ma-at
    43. 43. In this familiar image of the weighing of the heart, ones heart is weighed by Anubis against the weight of Ma-at’s feather
    44. 44. Remember that Anubis is the child ofNepthys and Osiris…the infant left inthe rushes, found by Isis , and raisedas her own child.Anubis monitored the Scales of Truthto protect the dead from deceptionand eternal death.
    45. 45. Preparation of a mummy by Anubis
    46. 46. Weighing of the heart of the deceasedby Anubis. This protects the dead from deception
    47. 47. Sekhmet (Sakhmet) is one of the oldest known Egyptian deities. Her name is derived from theEgyptian word "Sekhem" (which means "power" or "might") and is often translated as the "Powerful One".
    48. 48. Sekmet has many attributes, but above all, she is the protector of Ma-at, balance or justice. Sekmet is also called "The One Who LovesMa´at and Who Detests Evil".
    49. 49. Horus was the protector andpatron of the pharaoh.Horus was associatedwith Upper Egypt (asHeru-Ur in Nekhen) andLower Egypt (as HorusBehedet or Horus ofEdfu) he was the perfectchoice for a unifiedcountry
    50. 50. An ancient myth describes a battlebetween Horus and Set in which Horus´right eye was torn out and Set lost histesticles! Thoth magically restored Horus´eye, at which point it was given the name"Wadjet" ("whole" or "healthy").
    51. 51. The Wadjet (or Ujat, meaning "WholeOne") is a powerful symbol of protectionalso known as the "Eye of Horus" and the "all seeing eye".
    52. 52. During the battle with Set, the eye of Horus was torn into 6 parts:each section depicting afraction and a one of the senses
    53. 53. Horus-SetHorus and Set werealways placed inopposition to eachotherSet was theembodiment ofdisorder and chaoswhile Horus was theembodiment of order.
    54. 54. Horus and Set crowning Rameses the 2nd
    55. 55. Horus represented thedaytime sky while Setrepresented the nighttime sky. However, in early times the two were also seen as existing in a state of balance in which Horus and Set represented Upper and Lower Egypt respectively
    56. 56. The moon and the sun were initiallythought of as the left and right eyes of Horus. According to legend, Horus left eye (the moon) was injured in a fight with Set and was restored by Thoth, the ibis headed god
    57. 57. Thoth, healerof the divine eye
    58. 58. Thoth, godof wisdom and lunar god, whohelped Nutby playinggame with Khonsu
    59. 59. Khnum:ancient Egyptian god offertility, associated with water and with procreation
    60. 60. Khnum
    61. 61. Geb, the god of the earth and Nut, the goddess of the sky
    62. 62. Isis was her Greek name, but shewas known to the ancient Egyptiansas Aset (or Ast, Iset, Uset), which isusually translated as "(female) ofthrone" or "Queen of the throne".Her original headdress was anempty throne and as thepersonification of the throne shewas an important source of thePharaoh´s power
    63. 63. ISIS
    64. 64. Amduat 2nd Hour
    65. 65. These next 4 boats are actually following the sunbarque, carrying provisions and symbols
    66. 66. Sobek, Ancient god of crocodiles
    67. 67. Sobek with Hathor
    68. 68. Sobek
    69. 69. Isis with thesuckling Horus
    70. 70. The Virgin Nursing the Child with St. John the Baptist in Adoration Portugese artist Giampietrino
    71. 71. Amduat 2nd Hour
    72. 72. 3rd hour Amduat
    73. 73. Ptah: creator God of Memphis
    74. 74. Falcon making the Henu gesture of praise
    75. 75. Sokar, the solar god is imaged as a manwith the head of a falcon or as a falcon
    76. 76. 3rd hour Amduat
    77. 77. Elephantine
    78. 78. The Hedget, the white crown of UpperEgypt and the Deshret, the Red Crown of Lower Egypt
    79. 79. At around 3100 B.C., King Menesdefeated the king of Lower Egypt. Afterthis he united both lands and calledhimself king of both Upper Egypt andLower Egypt.
    80. 80. Around 3000 BC, King Menesestablished Memphis as the capital of the unified Egypt
    81. 81. The legend goes on to tell howKing Menes even designed a newcrown to celebrate his victory.This double crown was there forthe union of the two lands. KingMenes and his family formed thefirst ever Egyptian dynasty.
    82. 82. Third Hour: Rowing on the water of Osiris
    83. 83. In the Amduat, the triumph of life overdeath is imaged over and over in thesymbolism of vegetationThe Blessed Dead are provided witheverything they need in the fertilefields of Wernes, and those who dwellon the riverbanks are given acres ofland from the Great God.
    84. 84. Thus the 3rd hour is also called:Water of the Unique Lord, which brings forth nourishment
    85. 85. Anubis, the jackal headed God, son of Nephthys and Osiris God of embalming
    86. 86. PTAHThe creator-god ofMemphis, and during thelong period the city servedas the capital of Egypt itwas known as Het-ka-Ptahor "House of the Soul ofPtah".
    87. 87. Shabaka stone containing the theology of Memphis
    88. 88. The heiroglyph text of the Shabakastone:likely the first record of theistic creation in existence
    89. 89. Henu Position
    90. 90. The name of the 2nd Barque isPakhetLion headed goddess whose attributes areFEROCITY AND FEMININITYINNER STRENGTH
    91. 91. Pakhet:A huntress whowandered the desertalone at night lookin gforprey. She was alsocalled the The NightHuntress with sharpeye and pointed claw.She is often depictedkilling snakes in hersharp claws
    92. 92. Often Kherty (232)(Aken) would navigate the boatin the underworld
    93. 93. KHNUM Chief Deity of ElephantineResponsible for the inundation of the Nile reaching Egypt at Elephantine
    94. 94. (263)MeshkenetGoddess of Childbirth
    95. 95. MESHKENET: GODDESS OF CHILDBIRTH
    96. 96. Meskhenet was also present in the Hall ofthe Double Maat. Standing near thescales, she assisted in the re-birth of thesoul in the afterlife, as she aided thebirthing of the newborn into this world.
    97. 97. Orion (271)
    98. 98. (277) King Before AnIchneumon, ca. 664-332 B.C.E. Bronze
    99. 99. Egyptian Mongoose, Ichneumon
    100. 100. Like other mongooses, theEgyptian Mongoosewill attack and eat venomoussnakes.They haveat least two different types ofresistance to snake venom.
    101. 101. Magical Egypt: Navigating the AfterlifeEpisode 5 - Part 2
    102. 102. National Geographic Channel Zawi Hawass Egyptian Secrets of the Afterlife 1/3
    103. 103. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hT8PBHI4rns
    104. 104. 4th hour: The land of Sokar, who is upon his sand
    105. 105. SokarGod of the Dead and lord of the Memphite necropolis
    106. 106. Seti I Before Sokarfrom the tomb of Seti I
    107. 107. Sokar
    108. 108. At the burial theofficiating priest brought everything to life with sacred words andgestures, this ceremony was known as "the opening of the mouth."
    109. 109. Sokar and the “opening of the mouth” ceremony
    110. 110. Opening of the Mouth Ceremony breathing lifeinto the young King Tutankhamen
    111. 111. Since the Pyramid Texts, Sokar hasbeen identified with Osiris
    112. 112. In order to understand the gods of ancient Egypt, one must understand syncretism.
    113. 113. Syncretismthe Egyptian practice of linking, or combining different deities into the body or identity of a single entity…more and more common with the passage of time.
    114. 114. Sokar-Osiris
    115. 115. Sokar-Ptah-Osiris
    116. 116. Ptah-Sokar-Osiris
    117. 117. Ptah-Sokar- Osiris PtolemaicPeriod, 332–30 BC
    118. 118. Selkis (283) or Serket HetytThe scorpion headed goddess
    119. 119. Selkis
    120. 120. SelkisShe who causes the throat to breathe
    121. 121. The job of Selkis is toprotect the victim fromthe venomous effects of the scorpion sting.
    122. 122. Detail of 4th hour
    123. 123. Nehebkau, God who Joinedthe Ka to the Body, God ofProtection and Magic
    124. 124. Nehebkau
    125. 125. Nehebkau and the Udjat eye of Horus
    126. 126. Onuris: a Solar God of hunting
    127. 127. He is said to have journeyed to Nubia in order to bring back the ‘Eye of Ra’.
    128. 128. Onuris, son of Ra, protector of his solar deity father
    129. 129. Onuris was united with the god Shu and became the double god Onuris-Shu.
    130. 130. Shu, God of the Sky
    131. 131. Ramesses before Onuris-Shu
    132. 132. Ramesses before Onuris-Shu
    133. 133. Khepri (326), seen as winged sun disc in this hour
    134. 134. Khepri is therenewed form of the Sun God
    135. 135. Khepri in modern jewelry!
    136. 136. Khepri
    137. 137. 5th hour
    138. 138. Egyptian Secrets of the Afterlife 2/3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAD5Op9hn1 E
    139. 139. 5th hour
    140. 140. Magical Egypt: Navigating the Afterlife - Episode 5 - Part 3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZloBqdWg3I
    141. 141. Khepera orKhepri: the rising sun
    142. 142. Khepri, thesun-god, fromthe Tomb ofTutmosis IIIValley of theKingsLuxor Egypt
    143. 143. Shu: First Sonof Ra. Hisname meanslife giving dryair andsunlight
    144. 144. Tefnut: daughter ofRa: wasassociated with themorning dew. Shewas associatedwith types ofmoisture
    145. 145. In the Coffin Texts, Shu andTefnut are not differentiatedfrom Ra. And the three aretreated as a trinity. . .
    146. 146. Ra/Shu/Tefnut are described in the Coffin Texts as “The one who developed into three.”
    147. 147. Geb, the earth, child of the first sexual union between male and female
    148. 148. Geb and his sister NutNote that Geb’s knees are bent up torepresent the mountains of the earth
    149. 149. Nut
    150. 150. At Ra’sinstruction,ShuseparatesGeb from Nut
    151. 151. Shu separates Geb from Nut
    152. 152. Osiris, Isis, and Nephthys
    153. 153. Isis Legend Well She met the Phoenician maidensat these stairs, shown leading down to the spring at Byblos today.
    154. 154. Horus of the Netherworld
    155. 155. Each king was acclaimed as a ‘Living Horus’ and were shown as Hawks preying on their enemies Nephertari (royal wife of Ramesses) Horus, and Ptolemy
    156. 156. Heqa Sceptre: symbol with the longesthistory meaning “ruler,” representingthe king as the shepherd of his people
    157. 157. Egyptian Secrets of the Afterlife 3/3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K5ACjOdc_sc
    158. 158. 7th Hour of the Amduat
    159. 159. <http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2002/egypt/tomb_vr_1.shtm>
    160. 160. 10th hour of the Amduat
    161. 161. 12 hour of the Amduat
    162. 162. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= UPlITw1YPj0 Old Lady and Mercedes!
    163. 163. Egyptian Mathematics and modern computer mathematics

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