English presentation: Machu Piccu The Lost City of The Incas
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English presentation: Machu Piccu The Lost City of The Incas

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Presentation for Academic English A

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  • 1.  It was built in 1460 by the great Inca EmperorPachacuti Some believe he built it as a retreat or country palacefor him and his guests Some believe it was an isolated religious sanctuarywhere nuns and priests worshipped the sun Some also believe it was an ancient military stronghold
  • 2.  Peru (South America). Covers a total area of 32 500 hectares. On the eastern slopes of the PeruvianAndes, 1400km south of the equator. Found between two mountain ridges, Machu Picchuand Huayna Picchu. The Inca city overlooks the Urubamba River. 2 430m above sea level.
  • 3.  Even to this day the people of Machu Pichu still wear their traditional Peruvianclothing Each village has its own style of clothing Their clothing is usually bright and exciting and consists of geometric patterns They make most of their clothes from the wool of the alpaca The men wear ponchos and sombreros on top of chullo’s The women wear colourful traditional skirts, wool jackets, synthetic sweaters andsandals called “AJOTAS”, which are made from truck tires
  • 4.  The word “Inca” stands for the ruling elite and theirethnic group They ruled an empire of many different ethnicities andwould make their presence known periodically bytaking up residence at a series of royal estates People living there could have come from all over theempire, speaking different languages They were astronomers and the King wore a tunic withrows of geometric motifs
  • 5.  Many of the buildings of Machu Picchu show signs ofreligious and spiritual significance There was a series of erect monolithic stones that canbe interpreted as a resting place for the sun Another building could have been where the Inca Kingwent to speak directly to the sun, from which hereturned to tell the people what the sun had said
  • 6.  They devoted most of their time to farming. Potatoes were one of the main foods of the Inca. Theyfarmed varieties types of potatoes. Meats: Llamas and Alpacas were the maindomesticated animals of Inca. Drinks: chicha was the main drink for the peopleduring Inca period, which made from jora and maize.
  • 7.  Tourists have increased the landslide risk. Erosion has increased due to human activity. Tea bags and water bottles litter the hiking trail. Limited number of tourists per day, as a way topreserve the heritage site. Only 1600 visitors, was 2500 visitors per day. Garbage is piled along the Urubamba River.
  • 8.  AccommodationCusco, the ancient capital of the Incas.Base for tourists en route to the archaeological site.Accommodation in the city ranges from US $10 - $400 per night. Transportationtransport ranges from US $76- $389.Trains US $42
  • 9.  The lost city of the Incas was discovered byProfessor Hiram Bingham. It was built by Native Americans, in 1450 A.D. The Inca did not have a written language. Machu Picchu is listed as one of the world heritagesites, by the United Nations.
  • 10.  Entrance to historical sanctuary $49 or $24 Local agencies sell their packages $155
  • 11.  http://www.inside-peru.com/traditional-peruvian-clothing.html abcdefg Wright & Valencia Zegarra 2001, 2003, p.1. http://infosurhoy.com/cocoon/saii/xhtml/en_GB/features/saii/features/entertainment/2012/11/29/feature-02 Jarus, O. (2012). Machu Picchu: Facts and History. Availablefrom: http://www.livescience.com/22869-machu-picchu.html(Accessed 15 March 2013). Wright, K.R. & Zegarra, A.V. (2000). Machu Picchu: A CivilEngineering Marvel. Virginia: ASCE Press. Torres, M. (2011). 100 years of Machu Picchu and the impactof tourism. Available from:http://www.southernconejourneys.blogspot.com/2011/07/100-years-of-machu-picchu-and-impact-of.html (Accessed 15March 2012).