Structured Essay Question (SEC 2 WKBOOK) Why did Singapore want a merger with Malaya Singapore wanted merger with Malaya because of several reasons. Politically, Singapore wanted merger with Malaya in the hope of achieving independence from the British. The British did not have confidence that Singapore will be able to withstand the communist threat in the 1950s – 1960s. They felt Singapore was not ready for independence. Hence, merger with Malaya would mean that the strong anti-communist government of Malaya will be able to help Singapore fight against communism. In this way, British would feel more confident to grant independence to Singapore. Besides political reasons, Singapore wanted merger for economic reasons as well. Singapore had no raw materials to depend on. With merger, it would mean that Singapore would be able to tap on Malaya as a hinterland for resources. With merger, it would also mean that Singapore would be able to reduce taxation as a common market could be set up. With merger, it would also mean that the population in Singapore will be able to benefit from the employment opportunities created. The problem of unemployment in Singapore would be resolved as people would now be able to work in Malaya. Singapore wanted a merger with Malaya because it would also mean that Singapore would be able to rid the strong communist influence from China. With a strong anti-communist government, Lee Kuan Yew hoped to dilute the communist influence in Singapore. In this way, Lee Kuan Yew would be able to gather a stronger foothold as the Prime Minister of Singapore.