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Immigrants N Contribution
 

Immigrants N Contribution

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Immigrants N Contribution Immigrants N Contribution Presentation Transcript

  • What Part did the Different Immigrants Play in Singapore’s Development? Date
  • Who were the immigrants? ✤ Mostly men ✤ permanent stayers ✤ temporary stayers ✤ 1824 - 10683 (31% - Chinese, 60% - Malays, 7% - Indians, 2% - Others) ✤ 1931 - 418640 (75% - Chinese, 12% - Malays, 9% - Indians, 4% - Others)
  • Push Factors ✤ Natural disasters ✤ Shortage of jobs ✤ Scarcity of food
  • Pull Factors ✤ Job opportunities ✤ No natural disasters ✤ Plentiful food supplies
  • From Europe Britain, Portugal, Holland
  • From China Southern provinces, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan Island Date
  • From Arabia Yemen Date
  • From India and Ceylon Tamils from Madras and Negapatam, Punjabis, Bengalis, Gujeratis, Parsees, Sinhalese Date
  • Malay Archipelago Sumatra, Riau-Lingga Archipelago, Javanese, Boyanese, Bugis Date
  • From Penang and Melaka Straits Chinese (Peranakans)
  • Where do they stay? 1822, Singapore Town Plan
  • How did the town plan work? ✤ Jungles were cleared for plantations (gambier, rubber) ✤ Different races to be segregated ✤ Chinese were separated according to their dialect group ✤ kapitan to be appointed to take charge of internal affairs of each community ✤ John Crawfurd undertook the town plan after Raffles left in 1823
  • Singapore Town Plan, 1822 ✤ Chinatown ✤ Commercial Square (centre of commerce activities) ✤ Chulia Kampong ✤ European Town (Big houses and tree-lined roads) ✤ Kampong Bugis
  • Contributions of ✤ Europeans ✤ set up big trading companies and agency houses ✤ sold goods through Chinese middlemen (Straits-born Chinese)
  • Contributions of ✤ Chinese ✤ unskilled labourers working at docks and construction sites ✤ Straits Chinese (Middle-men/ coolie agents) provided support services
  • Contributions of ✤ Malay ✤ provided basic necessities ✤ gardeners and huntsmen ✤ shipbuilders
  • Contributions of ✤ Indians ✤ labourers carrying cargoes at docks, clearing jungles ✤ Chettiars provided banking and transportation services (till 1860s) ✤
  • Social Impacts ✤ Situation of the immigrants: ✤ Poor and diseased ✤ abused as coolies in the slave trade ✤ secret societies ✤ opium smoking
  • Social Impacts ✤ Tan Tock Seng, Syed Mohamed bin Alsagoff ✤ philanthropy acts ✤ Paupers’ Hospital on Pearl’s Hill, 1844 ✤ Thong Chai Medical Institution, 1867
  • Social Impacts ✤ Christian missionaries from Europe and America set up schools ✤ Chinese Girls’ School (St. Margaret’s School)