How did External
    Events
before WW II Affect Singapore?
Singapore before WW II



• dependent on trade
• no natural resources
Industrial Revolution
    (1750 - 1850)


• invention of new machines
• invention of new sources of power
Industrial Revolution
    and Singapore

• Improved communication
• More Europeans visited Singapore
 • to obtain raw mate...
Why an alternative trade
        route?

• to cut short traveling time
• to avoid the dangerous Cape of Good
  Hope route
...
Suez Canal and
        Singapore?
• mail and cargo arrived in a shorter
  time from Europe

• Cost of shipping goods reduc...
Suez Canal and
        Singapore
• 1852, New Harbour was built (Pulau
  Brani and Pulau Blakang Mati)
• Keppel Harbour, 19...
Singapore Harbour

• 1912, made improvements to port
• new wharves, docks, storehouses,
  machine shops
• machineries - fo...
World War I and
        Singapore
• Ottoman Empire, Germany, Austria-
  Hungary = Central Powers

• Britain, France, Russi...
WWI and its effects

• more than 10 million people died
• more than 30 countries
• frantic rush and stock up for food
• in...
WWI and its effects

• presence of Emden in the East
  affected trade

• Emden attacks British ships
• Destroyed off Cocos...
Sepoy Mutiny - a rude
      awakening
• sepoys rose against the British
• killed many Europeans
• Mutiny was put down afte...
The Great Depression
• caused widespread unemployment
• share prices fell because people were
  selling off their shares -...
The Great Depression
• Singapore
 • many bankrupts
 • unemployment rose
 • pay cuts
 • many immigrants returned home
 • im...
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How Did External Events B4 Wwii Affect Singapore

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  • How Did External Events B4 Wwii Affect Singapore

    1. 1. How did External Events before WW II Affect Singapore?
    2. 2. Singapore before WW II • dependent on trade • no natural resources
    3. 3. Industrial Revolution (1750 - 1850) • invention of new machines • invention of new sources of power
    4. 4. Industrial Revolution and Singapore • Improved communication • More Europeans visited Singapore • to obtain raw materials • to find market to sell goods
    5. 5. Why an alternative trade route? • to cut short traveling time • to avoid the dangerous Cape of Good Hope route • 1869, opening of the Suez Canal (French Engineer - Ferdinand de Lesseps)
    6. 6. Suez Canal and Singapore? • mail and cargo arrived in a shorter time from Europe • Cost of shipping goods reduced • expansion of Singapore’s trade (increased speed and volume of ships) • Singapore’s Old Harbour became overcrowded
    7. 7. Suez Canal and Singapore • 1852, New Harbour was built (Pulau Brani and Pulau Blakang Mati) • Keppel Harbour, 1900 • deep waters • sheltered from strong winds and waves
    8. 8. Singapore Harbour • 1912, made improvements to port • new wharves, docks, storehouses, machine shops • machineries - forklifts, cranes, tractors • railway system to link port to other parts of Malaya
    9. 9. World War I and Singapore • Ottoman Empire, Germany, Austria- Hungary = Central Powers • Britain, France, Russia, Italy = Allied Powers • WWI sparked by the murder of the Archduke of Austria-Hungray, Franz Ferdinand
    10. 10. WWI and its effects • more than 10 million people died • more than 30 countries • frantic rush and stock up for food • increase in food prices • government forbade export of large amount of foodstuff
    11. 11. WWI and its effects • presence of Emden in the East affected trade • Emden attacks British ships • Destroyed off Cocos Islands by the Sydney, Australian warship in Nov 1914 • Sepoy regiment in Singapore deployed to HK
    12. 12. Sepoy Mutiny - a rude awakening • sepoys rose against the British • killed many Europeans • Mutiny was put down after 10 days • Local Indians did not take part • Sikh police remained loyal to the government
    13. 13. The Great Depression • caused widespread unemployment • share prices fell because people were selling off their shares - Wall Street Crash • Banks had no money to loan and pay out • poor people = poor demands = unemployment
    14. 14. The Great Depression • Singapore • many bankrupts • unemployment rose • pay cuts • many immigrants returned home • imposed quotas on immigrants

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