How Did External Events B4 Wwii Affect Singapore
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How Did External Events B4 Wwii Affect Singapore

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How Did External Events B4 Wwii Affect Singapore How Did External Events B4 Wwii Affect Singapore Presentation Transcript

  • How did External Events before WW II Affect Singapore?
  • Singapore before WW II • dependent on trade • no natural resources
  • Industrial Revolution (1750 - 1850) • invention of new machines • invention of new sources of power View slide
  • Industrial Revolution and Singapore • Improved communication • More Europeans visited Singapore • to obtain raw materials • to find market to sell goods View slide
  • Why an alternative trade route? • to cut short traveling time • to avoid the dangerous Cape of Good Hope route • 1869, opening of the Suez Canal (French Engineer - Ferdinand de Lesseps)
  • Suez Canal and Singapore? • mail and cargo arrived in a shorter time from Europe • Cost of shipping goods reduced • expansion of Singapore’s trade (increased speed and volume of ships) • Singapore’s Old Harbour became overcrowded
  • Suez Canal and Singapore • 1852, New Harbour was built (Pulau Brani and Pulau Blakang Mati) • Keppel Harbour, 1900 • deep waters • sheltered from strong winds and waves
  • Singapore Harbour • 1912, made improvements to port • new wharves, docks, storehouses, machine shops • machineries - forklifts, cranes, tractors • railway system to link port to other parts of Malaya
  • World War I and Singapore • Ottoman Empire, Germany, Austria- Hungary = Central Powers • Britain, France, Russia, Italy = Allied Powers • WWI sparked by the murder of the Archduke of Austria-Hungray, Franz Ferdinand
  • WWI and its effects • more than 10 million people died • more than 30 countries • frantic rush and stock up for food • increase in food prices • government forbade export of large amount of foodstuff
  • WWI and its effects • presence of Emden in the East affected trade • Emden attacks British ships • Destroyed off Cocos Islands by the Sydney, Australian warship in Nov 1914 • Sepoy regiment in Singapore deployed to HK
  • Sepoy Mutiny - a rude awakening • sepoys rose against the British • killed many Europeans • Mutiny was put down after 10 days • Local Indians did not take part • Sikh police remained loyal to the government
  • The Great Depression • caused widespread unemployment • share prices fell because people were selling off their shares - Wall Street Crash • Banks had no money to loan and pay out • poor people = poor demands = unemployment
  • The Great Depression • Singapore • many bankrupts • unemployment rose • pay cuts • many immigrants returned home • imposed quotas on immigrants