History Of Singapore Before 1819

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  • 1. HISTORY OF SINGAPORE BEFORE 1819 What the Evidence Tells Us
  • 2. The Sejarah Melayu Sejarah Melayu or the Malay Annals A written source that helps us see what Singapore was like in the past Singapore known as Temasek meaning ‘Sea Town’ or ‘Sea Port’ At one time, belonged to Srivijaya Empire based in Sumatra Sang Nila Utama, Malay ruler from Sumatra Temasek renamed Singapura (Lion City)
  • 3. The Sejarah Melayu 14th C : Siamese and Javanese took turns to attack Singapore Wanted to make Singapore part of their own empires A fort was built to defend the town from attacks Walls of the fort supposed to have stretched from the sea to Bukit Larangan Today this hill is known as Fort Canning Park
  • 4. View from Fort Canning Hill
  • 5. Chinese Records Wang Dayuan : 14th C Chinese traveller Referred to Singapore as Temasek Stated that many ships visited Temasek Wrote that a number of Chinese lived here and dressed like local people
  • 6. Chinese Records Wang Dayuan : 14th C Chinese traveller Referred to Singapore as Temasek Stated that many ships visited Temasek Wrote that a number of Chinese lived here and dressed like local people
  • 7. DRAGON’S TEETH BATU BERLAYER OR "LOT'S WIFE" AT THE ENTRANCE TO KEPPEL HARBOUR, ONE OF THE "DRAGON'S TEETH" DRAWN AROUND 1845-1848(1980S) PhotoCD Number : 19980005827-8106-3181-7917 Image Number : 0100 In the ninth century Singapore was Dragon’s Tooth Gate, a far port on the Chinese maps
  • 8. Other Evidence Artefacts : Objects that help us understand how people lived in the past THE SINGAPORE STONE : Once stood at the mouth of the Singapore River Believed to be 12th or 13th C British blew it up in 1834 THE SINGAPORE STONE-FRAGMENT OF AN The remaining piece can be INSCRIPTION FOUND AT MOUTH OF found at the Singapore SINGAPORE RIVER, WRITTEN IN OLD MALAY DATING FROM AD1000 & 1400 History Museum
  • 9. MAP OF THE 14TH CENTURY SINGAPORE SHOWING LOCATIONS OF SINGAPORE STONE, THE MOAT & RAMPART & BUKIT LARANGAN Singapore Stone PhotoCD Number : 19980005827-8106-3181-7917 Image Number : 0107
  • 10. SINGAPORE STONE THE FRAGMENT OF SINGAPORE STONE NOW IN SINGAPORE PhotoCD Number : 19980005827-8106-3181-7917 Image Number : 0101
  • 11. THE STORY OF BADANG Badang was famous for his strength, which he had received from eating a demon's vomit. The king of Kalinga in India, sent a strong man to compete with Badang and agreed to give 7 ships of goods as prizes if Badang won. Several contests were held and Badang won every single one of them. Finally, they decided to lift an enormous stone to decide the ultimate winner. The Kalinga strong man could only lift it to his knees but Badang lifted it and flung it so far away that it landed at the mouth of Singapore river. The Kalinga strong man gave up his 7 ships and went home in shame. The stone Badang threw is known as the Singapore stone. Unfortunately, it was blown up by the British in 1843 and the only piece remaining can be found in the National Museum.
  • 12. Other Evidence Until today, no one has been able to make sense of the writing on the Singapore Stone Although a mystery, the Singapore Stone is a useful piece of evidence Tells us that history of Singapore goes a long THE SINGAPORE STONE-FRAGMENT OF AN way back INSCRIPTION FOUND AT MOUTH OF SINGAPORE RIVER, WRITTEN IN OLD MALAY DATING FROM AD1000 & 1400 What else does it tell us?
  • 13. Other Evidence Ans : Tells us people who lived at that time wrote and read in a language very different from what we know today Over the years, other artefacts found 1926 : Jewellery found at Fort Canning Park Dated to 14th C Similar in design to those produced during the time of the Majapahit kingdom
  • 14. Other Evidence 1984 : An excavation was carried out in Fort Canning Park Earthenware, stoneware and porcelain discovered Concluded that these were from 14th C Since porcelain was made in China, its discovery on Fort Canning showed that Chinese traders came to Singapore to trade