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Birth of
Civilisations
India, China and Southeast Asia
What is a Civilisation?
• when groups of people come to live together
• develop their own way of life
• share the same cul...
Factors leading to the
 rise of a Civilisation

• plentiful supply of water
• plentiful supply of food
• fertile land
A Kingdom


• controlled by a king

• small areas of land joined
  together

• chief reports to the king
Empire


• Larger area controlled by an
  emperor

• Kings defeat rivals, they
  combined lands to form an
  empire
Indus Civilisation

• started around 3000 BCE

• Indus plains had fertile soil

• directed water from the
  Indus River by...
Government
Occupations
Writing
Indus civilisation

• 2500 BCE, along the Indus Valley
• irrigation to bring water to farms and limit flooding
  of the riv...
Indus Civilisation


• Evidences to show that there is a form of
  government:
   • well-planned cities
      • citadel, d...
Indus Civilisation


• Evidences to show that there are different
  occupations:
   • ploughs, utensils, bronze tools, art...
Indus Civilisation


• Evidences to show that there is a form of writing:
   • stone seals
Decline of the Indus
      Civilisation

• 1500 BCE
• flooding of the Indus River
• outbreak of malaria
• Aryans’ attack
Who were the Aryans?


• nomadic people
• moved to the Ganges Plains as farmers
• Indian culture = Indus people and the Ar...
Shang Civilisation

• 3000 BCE, Yangshao and Longshan villages
  existed along the Yellow River
• mainly farmers, craftsme...
Shang Civilisation


• 1500 BCE, rise of the Shang Civilisation
• Cities of Luoyang and Anyang
Shang Civilisation


• Evidences to show there is a form of government:
   • ancient records, palaces, temples, storage
  ...
Shang Civilisation

• Evidences to show there are different occupations:
   • bronze objects (weapons, wine cups, jars)
  ...
Shang Civilisation


• Evidences to show there is a form of writing:
   • pictograms on objects (oracle bones)
Fall of the Shang
        Civilisation

• 1150BCE
• Shang dynasty taken over by Western Zhou
  dynasty and later Eastern Z...
Southeast Asia
          Civilisation
• 200 BCE
• travel and large scale farming difficult due to
  constraints of the envi...
Maritime Kingdoms
• grew rice
• domesticated water buffalo
• skilled boat builders
• conducted trading from villages to vi...
Funan City
     Port Oc-eo

Present day Southern
      Vietnam

    produce rice
Srivijaya
     Palembang

Rose after the decline
      of Funan

 trade was important
Southeast Asian
        Civilisations

• Evidences to show there is a form of government:
   • religious buildings made of...
Southeast Asian
        Civilisations

• Evidences to show there are different occupations:
   • port cities (traders, fish...
Southeast Asian
        Civilisations

• Evidences to show there is a form of writing:
   • written records
   • stone car...
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Civilisation

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  • Transcript of "Civilisation"

    1. 1. Birth of Civilisations India, China and Southeast Asia
    2. 2. What is a Civilisation? • when groups of people come to live together • develop their own way of life • share the same culture • speak the same language • obey same rules and laws • follow same traditions and customs
    3. 3. Factors leading to the rise of a Civilisation • plentiful supply of water • plentiful supply of food • fertile land
    4. 4. A Kingdom • controlled by a king • small areas of land joined together • chief reports to the king
    5. 5. Empire • Larger area controlled by an emperor • Kings defeat rivals, they combined lands to form an empire
    6. 6. Indus Civilisation • started around 3000 BCE • Indus plains had fertile soil • directed water from the Indus River by building dams (irrigation)
    7. 7. Government
    8. 8. Occupations
    9. 9. Writing
    10. 10. Indus civilisation • 2500 BCE, along the Indus Valley • irrigation to bring water to farms and limit flooding of the river • Harappa • Mohenjo-Daro
    11. 11. Indus Civilisation • Evidences to show that there is a form of government: • well-planned cities • citadel, drainage system, granary, Great Bath
    12. 12. Indus Civilisation • Evidences to show that there are different occupations: • ploughs, utensils, bronze tools, artefacts, Public Bath
    13. 13. Indus Civilisation • Evidences to show that there is a form of writing: • stone seals
    14. 14. Decline of the Indus Civilisation • 1500 BCE • flooding of the Indus River • outbreak of malaria • Aryans’ attack
    15. 15. Who were the Aryans? • nomadic people • moved to the Ganges Plains as farmers • Indian culture = Indus people and the Aryans
    16. 16. Shang Civilisation • 3000 BCE, Yangshao and Longshan villages existed along the Yellow River • mainly farmers, craftsmen and hunters • fertile soil - loess • flood prone
    17. 17. Shang Civilisation • 1500 BCE, rise of the Shang Civilisation • Cities of Luoyang and Anyang
    18. 18. Shang Civilisation • Evidences to show there is a form of government: • ancient records, palaces, temples, storage houses
    19. 19. Shang Civilisation • Evidences to show there are different occupations: • bronze objects (weapons, wine cups, jars) • temples • tools
    20. 20. Shang Civilisation • Evidences to show there is a form of writing: • pictograms on objects (oracle bones)
    21. 21. Fall of the Shang Civilisation • 1150BCE • Shang dynasty taken over by Western Zhou dynasty and later Eastern Zhou dynasty • Period of the Warring States
    22. 22. Southeast Asia Civilisation • 200 BCE • travel and large scale farming difficult due to constraints of the environment • people lived near the sea (based on evidences - clay, pottery and beads, wall paintings)
    23. 23. Maritime Kingdoms • grew rice • domesticated water buffalo • skilled boat builders • conducted trading from villages to villages, from India to China (rice, coconut, ivory, bracelet, ceremonial drums) • port cities developed
    24. 24. Funan City Port Oc-eo Present day Southern Vietnam produce rice
    25. 25. Srivijaya Palembang Rose after the decline of Funan trade was important
    26. 26. Southeast Asian Civilisations • Evidences to show there is a form of government: • religious buildings made of stone • palaces made from wood
    27. 27. Southeast Asian Civilisations • Evidences to show there are different occupations: • port cities (traders, fishermen, sailors) • religious buildings (priests)
    28. 28. Southeast Asian Civilisations • Evidences to show there is a form of writing: • written records • stone carvings in Sanskrit and Jawi script
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