Ch3 ni pt2

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Ch3 ni pt2

  1. 1. COUNTRIES DIVIDED
  2. 2. NORTHERN IRELAND
  3. 3. From peaceful protest Marches to Violence <ul><li>Mid-1960s – Civil Rights Movement emerged </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded equal rights and to protest against unfair treatment of Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>Made peaceful demands for basic rights such as housing, jobs, education and voting </li></ul>
  4. 4. From peaceful protest Marches to Violence <ul><li>CRM met with hostility and violence from some Protestants </li></ul><ul><li>Including the police force who thought it was an attempt to weaken the government </li></ul><ul><li>The CRM in 1968 marked the beginning of a period known as The Troubles in Northern Ireland </li></ul>
  5. 5. From peaceful protest Marches to Violence <ul><li>As the situation worsened, government called for more help </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 1969, British Army units were sent to N.I. To help keep order </li></ul><ul><li>At first, Catholics welcomed them – thought they would be protected </li></ul><ul><li>As army began searching their homes and arresting suspects, they soon lost faith in the British Army </li></ul>
  6. 6. From peaceful protest Marches to Violence <ul><li>1972 : a peaceful civil rights march was shot at by British troops </li></ul><ul><li>13 civilians were shot dead; many wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Bloody Sunday – turning point in Catholic-Protestant ties </li></ul>
  7. 7. BLOODY SUNDAY
  8. 8. BLOODY SUNDAY
  9. 9. BLOODY SUNDAY
  10. 10. BLOODY SUNDAY
  11. 11. VIDEO CLIP : BLOODY SUNDAY
  12. 12. From peaceful protest Marches to Violence <ul><li>After 1972 : More violence </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic homes petrol-bombed by Protestants </li></ul><ul><li>Families forced to flee; looting by mobs </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic businesses and pubs burnt and bombed </li></ul><ul><li>Often witnessed by local police force passively </li></ul><ul><li>British Army raided Catholic homes, using force and damaging property </li></ul>
  13. 13. From peaceful protest Marches to Violence <ul><li>Feeling more desperate, the Catholics turned to the Irish Republican Army (IRA) for help </li></ul><ul><li>IRA : An illegal organisation formed largely of Northern Irish Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>Aim is to use violence to drive out the British Army and the representatives of the British government </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1969 and 1993, more than 3,000 people were killed in the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>IRA responsible for 2/3 of the deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes killed innocent Protestants too </li></ul>
  14. 14. Effects of the Protestant-Catholic Conflict <ul><li>The conflict has not been resolved </li></ul><ul><li>Often it is the innocent who are caught in the middle of the violence </li></ul><ul><li>Eg many of the 1,750 who died between 1969 and 1977 were not directly involved </li></ul><ul><li>Many grow up with prejudices against each other </li></ul><ul><li>Affected economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Investments have decreased drastically </li></ul><ul><li>Violence has frightened away tourists </li></ul>
  15. 15. Aftermath <ul><li>Throughout 1970s and 1980s, IRA and British govt reps have met but failed to come to an agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Late 1990s – British govt, Irish govt, IRA and N.I. Community leaders actively discussed the N.I. peace accord </li></ul><ul><li>But this was rejected by a splinter group of the IRA – responded with a series of bomb attacks in Belfast </li></ul><ul><li>An agreement was reached in 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Peace is still uncertain as tension still exists </li></ul>
  16. 17. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Sri Lanka and Northern Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Important for people of different races and religions to live in harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict destroys lives, homes and property </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone suffers </li></ul><ul><li>Need to be sensitive to one another’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to understand and respect other’s rights will harm the country in many ways </li></ul><ul><li>Weakens development of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Provides excuse for stronger neighbours to interfere </li></ul>
  17. 18. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Conflicts in Sri Lanka and Northern Ireland cannot be resolved overnight </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences of fighting and destruction still exist </li></ul><ul><li>Will continue to exist until a solution is arrived at </li></ul>
  18. 19. VIDEO CLIP : BLOODY SUNDAY

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