Bonding Singapore


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Secondary Three Social Studies syllabus

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Bonding Singapore

  1. 1. Bonding Singapore Challenges of a multi-ethnic society
  2. 2. Challenges of a multi-ethnic society <ul><li>To manage different perceptions of different racial groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding/ communications can cause outbreaks of violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UMNO communal politics vs. PAP non-communal politics resulting in the 1964 race riot </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Challenges of a multi-ethnic society <ul><li>Politics between the PAP and the Federal government in KL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communal vs. non-communal approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UMNO led an anti-PAP campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Portrayed PAP as anti- Malays </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carried untrue articles in the Utusan Melayu </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Malays were angry with the PAP </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Challenges of a multi-ethnic society <ul><li>1964 race riots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21 July 1964, prophet Muhammad’s birthday procession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malays were angry with the Chinese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of lives, damage to properties </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Challenges of a multi-ethnic society <ul><li>Managing perceptions of different religious groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1950, Maria Hertogh riots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Custody struggle between the Dutch parents and the fostered mother, Aminah </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Custody given to the Dutch parents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Malay community felt that the system was unfair to the Muslims </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Curfew placed for 24 hours </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>British and Malayan troops called in </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Challenges of a multi-ethnic society <ul><li>Threats from external forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transnational terrorism can divide the people; threaten racial and religious harmony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>34 JI (Jemaah Islamiyah) members arrests since 2001 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put Singaporeans on high alert against terrorism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Challenges of a multi-ethnic society <ul><li>Threats from external forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why Singapore? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open, cosmopolitan society hosting many foreign establishments – targets to terrorists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Friendly to the west </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Challenges of a multi-ethnic society <ul><li>Threats from external forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Response from Singapore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-terrorism stance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve security, alertness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organizations voiced support to maintain ethnic harmony in Singapore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim leaders condemned the JI group of activities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continue to ensure social cohesion </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Bonding Singapore Managing Ethnic Diversity
  10. 10. Managing Ethnic Diversity <ul><li>Building a national identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi racialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equality among all races </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Favouring of certain race is prohibited by the Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone is valued </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Building a national Identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Singing of the national anthem, taking the pledge, flag raising ceremony </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inculcate loyalty and national pride </li></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  12. 12. <ul><li>Building a national Identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingualism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of EL as a linking language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of MTL to impart values and cultural traditions </li></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  13. 13. <ul><li>Safeguarding the interest of the minority groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minority representation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A say in the governance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PCMR (Presidential Council of Minority Right) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No racial or religious group is disadvantaged </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GRC (Group Representation Constituency) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensures that minority race is represented in the parliament </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  14. 14. <ul><li>Safeguarding the interest of the minority groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self help groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CDAC (Chinese Development Assistance Council) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SINDA (Singapore Indian Development Association) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aid in studies of the less privilege </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gives moral support </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tuition classes participated by all races (interaction) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compete with equal footing </li></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  15. 15. <ul><li>Developing common space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Events organized by grassroots organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PA (People’s Association) cater to the needs and interests of every S’porean </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home visits/ exchange programme build respect and friendship </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  16. 16. <ul><li>Developing common space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunities offered by educational institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home visits/ exchange programme build respect and friendship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced interactions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CCAs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closer bonds, teamwork, respect </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  17. 17. <ul><li>Developing common space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common living space provided by public housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1989, Ethnic integration policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ensure interaction among races </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  18. 18. <ul><li>Developing common space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities by the IRCCs and HCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visits to places of worship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appreciate and develop respect </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  19. 19. <ul><li>Developing common space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shared experience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen the bond among the men </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Managing Ethnic Diversity
  20. 20. <ul><li>Ensure security and peace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People feel safe </li></ul></ul>Importance of managing Ethnic Diversity
  21. 21. <ul><li>Ensure economic progress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inviting to foreign investors – well protected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade agreement with the USA, 2003 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourists feel safe and welcomed </li></ul></ul>Importance of managing Ethnic Diversity