2009 My Social Studies 4 Exp Sbq Answers Edit For Nhhs
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2009 My Social Studies 4 Exp Sbq Answers Edit For Nhhs

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2009 My Social Studies 4 Exp Sbq Answers Edit For Nhhs 2009 My Social Studies 4 Exp Sbq Answers Edit For Nhhs Document Transcript

  • Name: Index no: Class: SOCIAL STUDIES 2192/1 PAPER 1 50 Sec 4 Express XX May 2009 Additional Materials: Writing Paper 1 Hour 30 Minutes Instructions to Candidates: Answer Question 1 from section A and one question from section B. Write your answers on the writing papers provided. Begin your answer to Section B on a new and separate sheet of paper. You are advised to spend no longer than 50 minutes on Section A. Information for Candidates: All questions carry 25 marks each. The number of marks for each part/sub-question is given in brackets ( ) at the end of each sub-question. This Question Paper consists of 5 printed pages, including this page. Setter: Mrs Caroline Lee/ Mr Lawrence Che [Turn over
  • Section A (Source-Based Case Study) Question 1 is compulsory for all candidates (25 marks) When answering the questions, you should use your knowledge of the topic to help you interpret and evaluate the sources. Your answers should demonstrate not just your understanding of the topic, but more importantly, your understanding of the sources given. 1. Issue: A Peaceful Northern Ireland? a) Study Sources A and B How similar are the sources? Explain your answer. (6m) Level Descriptor Marks 1 Describe sources without answering question 1 2. Identify similarities or/and differences with 2-3 insufficient support Similarity Both sources describe violence in Northern Ireland. There were many people killed in the street. Difference Both sources give different accounts of the violence in Northern Ireland. The account given in Source B seems to escalate faster than in Source A. 3. Identify valid similarities or differences with support 4 from source content Similarity Both sources describe the start of new violence in Northern Ireland after the peace process agreement was signed. Source A gives an account of the IRA killing two soldiers and deliverymen. Similarly, Source B describes the IRA murdering two sappers. OR Difference Source A and B give different reactions of the violence in North Ireland. Source A describes the man in the street not welcoming the violence. 2
  • Source B on the other hand, describes how rioters fired gunshots and hurled bombs in protests. 4. Identify valid similarities AND differences with 5 support from source content 5. Identify valid differences in purpose 6 Source A’s purpose is to provide a biased account of the violence in Northern Ireland. It merely describes how two soldiers and two deliverymen were killed in the incident. It also claimed that the man in the streets the welcome is unwelcome and that the deputy first minister and denied the IRA’s right to restart the war. Therefore, it portrays to the people of Northern Ireland that the situation in there is still under control so that do not need to panic. However, Source B’s purpose is to provide an objective account of the violent incident in Northern Ireland. It provides various cases of violence and describes how rioters protested in the street. It hopes that the international community will step in to intervene the situation before it escalates further. 3
  • b) Study Source C Why do you think Martin McGuinness made this comment? Explain your answer. (5m) Level Descriptor Marks 1 Invalid message 1 2. Identify valid messages with limited or no support 2-3 Martin McGuinness made this comment to promote the peace process institution. He described it as being ‘stronger and more stable’ 3. Identify valid messages with support 4 Martin McGuinness made this comment to promote the peace process institution. He describes it as being ‘stronger and more stable’. He also hopes that the community will not be plunged into mayhem again. 4. Level 3 + Identify purposes 5 Martin McGuinness was a ex-IRA leader who is now the deputy first minister. As he was in an interview with an Australian newspaper, he may be trying to portray to the world that the situation in Northern Ireland is still under control and that the peace process institution is doing a good job. He wants to convince other countries to support the peace process in Northern Ireland and make them believe that the violence then is short-lived. 4
  • c) Study Source D How useful is this source as evidence to prove that the IRA is committed to decommission its weapons? Explain your answer. (7m) Level Descriptor Marks 1 Useful or not useful with weak support/provenance 1-2 It is useful as the source clearly state that IRA units have been ordered to dump their arms as quickly as possible. OR It is not useful as it is from IRA themselves. 2. Useful with content support 3-4 It is useful as the source clearly state that IRA units have been ordered to dump their arms as quickly as possible. IRA had even been instructed to assist the development of purely political and democratic programmes through peaceful means. 3 Questions the purpose thus usefulness of the source 5 This source is from the IRA themselves. Its possible may be to give a false impression to the world that they are sincere about making peace in Northern Ireland. Therefore it is not useful. 4. Cross-references to show useful/ not useful 6-7 Source D is not useful as it only claims by the IRA to dump (award arms as quickly as possible in 2005. 7 marks for 2 If we cross-reference to Source A, we see the recurrence of cross- violence in Northern Ireland whereby the IRA killed two referen soldiers and two delivery men ces) OR If we cross-reference to Source B, we see murders of two sappers. Tensions and anger have risen in Northern Ireland since the killings. There were also rioters firing gunshots and hurl bombs in protest. 5
  • d) Study Source E How far does this source prove that peace in Northern Ireland is impossible? Explain your answer. (7m) Level Descriptor Marks 1 Answers with weak support/ provenance 1 - 2 Yes, as the cartoon says that people of the IRA are murderers. OR No, as it is from a British cartoonist. 2. Prove with content support 3-4 Yes, as the cartoonist is trying to say that people of the IRA are murderers. We can see from the masked member of IRA with the caption ‘Licence to kill’. He portrays the IRA as murderous and violence. Therefore it is impossible to have peace in the country. 4 Answers that questions the purpose of source 5 No, it does not prove. The purpose of this source is to accuse the member of the IRA as being murderers, therefore blaming them for all the violence in Northern Ireland. It hopes to convince other countries that Britain bears no responsibilities for the violence. It does not prove that peace is impossible in NI 5. Cross-references to prove or not prove 6-7 (award Yes, if we cross-reference to Source B, we see murders of 6 marks two sappers. Tensions and anger have risen in Northern for 2 Ireland since the killings. There were also rioters firing cross- gunshots and hurl bombs in protest. Therefore peace is referen impossible in Northern Ireland. ces) OR No, if we cross-reference to Source D, we learn that IRA have been ordered to dump their arms and were instructed to assist in the development of political and democratic programmes. Therefore, peace is still possible in Northern 6
  • Ireland. Issue: A Peaceful Northern Ireland? Background Information After decades of negotiation, mutual tension and protest, the British government’s attempts to bring peace and normalisation back to Northern Ireland finally concluded during the Good Friday Agreement in 1998. However, this peace process agreement which was signed in Belfast in 10 April 1998 was short-lived. Many 7
  • problems still remain. Violence has flared up again and again. The IRA splinter groups have rejected the peace efforts and caused mayhem in Northern Ireland yet again in recent years. Are the people in Northern Ireland never going to experience peace again in their homeland? Source A: Violence in Northern Ireland as reported in a newspaper article, 19 March 2009 In a drive-by shooting, the Real IRA killed two soldiers and two pizza deliverymen. Within days, the Continuity IRA claimed responsibility for a professionally executed sniper attack on a policeman. These incidents have shaken Northern Ireland anew. Even ex-IRA heavyweight and now the deputy first minister, Martin McGuinness, told the BBC that he denied the Real IRA’s right to restart the war. This time, however, the man in the street has also expressed in no uncertain terms that this violence is unwelcome. Source B: An Australian newspaper report on the killings of two policemen in Northern Ireland, 14 March 2009 The murders of sappers Mark Quinsey, 23, and Cengiz 'Patrick' Azimkar, 21, were claimed by the Real IRA (Irish Republican Army), a dissident republican group, the first such killings for over a decade. Tensions and anger have risen considerably in Northern Ireland since the killings, which were followed barely 48 hours later by the shooting of police constable Stephen Carroll by another paramilitary group, Continuity IRA. Rioters fired gunshots and hurled bombs in protests in the streets. Source C: Martin McGuinness, an ex-IRA leader and the current deputy first minister in an interview with an Australian newspaper, 19 March 2009 "The (peace process) institutions are, in my opinion, stronger and more stable now in the aftermath of the killings than they were before," he said during a St Patrick's Day visit to the White House. "We are not going to allow our community to be 8
  • plunged into mayhem and destruction by people who have no support, no mandate whatsoever." Source D: A statement issued by the IRA in July 2005 All IRA units have been ordered to dump arms as quickly as possible. All have been instructed to assist the development of purely political and democratic programmes through exclusively peaceful means. Source E: A British cartoonist view on the IRA Section B (Structured Essay Questions) Answer One Question (25 Marks) 2. Discord and Unity (a) To what extent did the ethnic integration policy ensure social bonding among Singaporeans? Explain your answer. [12] 9
  • (b) Here are three consequences of the September 11 attack: economic slowdown [13] social segregation global terrorism Was any one of these more significant than the others? Explain your answer. 3. Conflict among Nations (a) To what extent was a difference in ideology the triggering factor responsible for conflict among nations? Explain your answer. [12] (b) Here are three ways of safe-guarding Singapore: a citizen armed force [13] military co-operation with other countries Singapore’s defence industry Was any one of these more significant than the others? Explain your answer. 4. The Rise and Fall of Venice (a) To what extent was being complacent the triggering factor responsible for the fall of Venice? Explain your answer. [12] (b) Here are three factors leading to the rise of Venice: effective leadership [13] pragmatic economic policies geographical location Was any of these more significant than the others? Explain your answers. ---------- End of paper --------- 10