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A presentation about cyber-space ethics

A presentation about cyber-space ethics

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    Techno research Techno research Presentation Transcript

    • Stranger in a Strange Land : the issues and challenges of cyber-space research Carol Haigh Professor in Nursing Manchester Metropolitan University
    • The focus of this presentation will be ……
      • To explore the potential of the virtual world to contribute to research
      • To debate the effects of cyber space on respondents
      • To outline the ethical issues that are inherent within techno-research
    • Research in cyberspace
      • Cyberspace is a potentially useful tool for nursing research because it is;
        • Generationally appropriate
        • Allows for large international samples to be accessed
        • Cost effective
        • Speedy responses
      • But there are specific issues attached to this new research medium…
    • Representativeness
      • Techno-population
      • Use of pseudonyms
      • Use of Avatars
      • Virtual persona Vs Hard’ identity
      • Identity of participants
      • Disinhibition
      • Verification issues
      • De-brief Interviews
      • Plagiarism
      Associated issues are ethical concerns …..
    • Analysis of online information
      • Copyright status of WWW information
        • Publicly archived information
        • Password protected archives
        • Site policy
        • Topic sensitivity
    • Consent
      • Electronically if participants are >18
        • Only if risk is low
        • Step-by-step online consent form
        • Safeguard e-consent from accidental erasure
        • Consent process should not be disruptive
      • Parental consent <18
        • Paper format
        • Verbal acceptable if risk is low
        • F2F interview for parental consent for online interviews with minors
    • Public versus private conversations
      • Cyberspace defies locality
        • Is a chat room a public place?
        • ‘ Public’ and ‘private’ are metaphors in cyberspace (Waskul,1996)
        • The act of observing disturbs the observed
        • Virtual reality pseudonyms are as important as ‘hard world’ identities
    • Privacy and Confidentiality
      • More stringent personal data security in EU
        • Protection in instances where data is shared across national boundaries (AoIR, 2002)
      • Subject identity (Bruckman’s 4 levels of disguise)
        • No disguise
        • Light disguise
        • Moderate disguise
        • Complete disguise
    • The ethical layers of cyberspace
      • Cyberspace is multi layered
      • There are different levels of ethical concern attached to each cyber-layer
      • Deeper immersion in cyber-reality requires greater complexity of ethical consideration
      • Like this….
    • Level Environment Participant ID Privacy Data Reliability Research Methods Ethical dilemmas 1 Public (e.g. web space) Accessible real world ID None Strong Neutral Superficial 2 Semi-public (e.g. e-mail) Controlled real world ID Light Strong Overt participation Minimal 3 Semi-private (e.g. listserv) Accessible virtual world ID Light moderate Moderate Overt non- participation Moderate 4 Private (e.g. Chatroom) Controlled virtual world ID Moderate Weak Covert participation Significant 5 Virtual (role-playing) Complete virtual world immersion Heavy Unreliable Covert non- participation Highly significant
    • Sources of Information
      • Association of Internet Reserachers (2002) Ethical Decision Making and Internet Research. Recommendations from the AoIR ethic working committee . www.aoir.org
      • Bruckman, A (2002) Ethical guidelines for research online www.cc.gatech.edu/-asb/ethics/
      • Haigh, C Jones, N (2005) An overview of the ethics of cyber-spece research and the implications for nurse educators. Nurse Education Today 25 3-8
      • Waskul, D (1996) Ethics of online research: considerations for the study of computer mediated forms of interaction.
      • http://venus.soci.niu.edu/-jthomas/ethics/tis/go.dennis