Chapter Three<br />Who are Today’s Students in a Diverse Society?<br />
Sources of Student Diversity<br />Racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds<br />Language (other than English)<br />Academi...
Race and Ethnicity<br />Ethnicity<br />Racial similarity or difference<br />Common culture<br />Language<br />Customs<br /...
Projections of the U.S. Population<br />
Assimilation v. Cultural Pluralism<br />Cultural Pluralism<br />Each subculture maintains its own individuality <br />Seek...
What does it look like in the classroom?<br />Approaches to Multicultural Education<br />Teaching the exceptional and cult...
 ELL Student Language Backgrounds<br />Spanish - 77%<br />Vietnamese - 2.4 %<br />Hmong - 1.8 % <br />Korean - 1.2 % <br /...
Bilingual Education Models<br />Define:<br />Immersion<br />English as a Second Language (ESL)<br />Transitional<br />Main...
Bilingual Education Models<br />
Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences<br />Eight distinct intellectual capacities:<br />Verbal/Linguistic<br />Spatial<b...
Example of how you’d teach to the intelligence</li></li></ul><li>Four Basic Learning Styles<br />Visual - seeing<br />Audi...
Specific Disabilities Among Children Age 6-21<br />
Six Principles of Special Education<br />Six principles provide the framework of IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Educa...
Mainstreaming and Inclusion<br />Inclusion<br />Students in regular school and classroom as much as possible<br />Brings s...
Guidelines for Teaching Students With Disabilities<br />Be open to including students with disabilities in your classroom<...
Acceleration and Enrichment for Gifted and Talented Students<br />Enrichment<br />Go beyond regular curriculum<br />Greate...
Guidelines for Teaching Gifted and Talented Students<br />Provide teaching that allows use of the regular class as a forum...
Glasser’s Choice Theory<br />Students make choices to satisfy basic needs<br />Survival<br />Love and Belonging<br />Power...
Promoting Gender Equity<br />Have high expectations for all students, boys and girls.<br />Organize classroom, technology ...
Making School Safer for Students of All Orientations<br />Establish classroom guidelines against name-calling.<br />Respec...
Teaching Your Diverse Students<br />Seek out experiences to broaden your cultural and societal understanding.<br />Spend t...
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03 educ 201 fa11

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03 educ 201 fa11

  1. 1. Chapter Three<br />Who are Today’s Students in a Diverse Society?<br />
  2. 2. Sources of Student Diversity<br />Racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds<br />Language (other than English)<br />Academic abilities, achievements, & learning styles<br />Diverse needs (develop at different rates)<br />Gender<br />Sexual orientation<br />Socioeconomic backgrounds<br />
  3. 3. Race and Ethnicity<br />Ethnicity<br />Racial similarity or difference<br />Common culture<br />Language<br />Customs<br />Religion<br />Race<br />Common ancestry & physical characteristics<br />Give me five (5) examples for each<br />
  4. 4. Projections of the U.S. Population<br />
  5. 5. Assimilation v. Cultural Pluralism<br />Cultural Pluralism<br />Each subculture maintains its own individuality <br />Seeks healthy interaction among diverse groups<br />Assimilation<br />Members of subcultures expected to give up their own customs and learn American ways<br />How would you integrate one or both <br />into a classroom project, game or activity?<br />
  6. 6. What does it look like in the classroom?<br />Approaches to Multicultural Education<br />Teaching the exceptional and culturally different<br />Human relations<br />Single-group studies<br />Multicultural approaches<br />Multicultural social justice<br />Culturally Responsive Teaching<br />Takes a social justice perspective<br />Responds to conflicts of communication styles, expectations between students and teacher or school<br />Equity pedagogy<br />
  7. 7. ELL Student Language Backgrounds<br />Spanish - 77%<br />Vietnamese - 2.4 %<br />Hmong - 1.8 % <br />Korean - 1.2 % <br />Arabic - 1.2 % <br />French (Haitian) Creole - 1.1 % <br />Cantonese - 1.0 %<br />All others together - less than 1%<br />
  8. 8. Bilingual Education Models<br />Define:<br />Immersion<br />English as a Second Language (ESL)<br />Transitional<br />Maintenance or Developmental<br />
  9. 9. Bilingual Education Models<br />
  10. 10. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences<br />Eight distinct intellectual capacities:<br />Verbal/Linguistic<br />Spatial<br />Musical <br />Intrapersonal <br />Logical-mathematical<br />Bodily-kinesthetic<br />Interpersonal<br />Naturalist<br /><ul><li>Tentative identification of a ninth intelligence (existential) that Gardener is currently trying to validate</li></ul>In your groups/partners:<br /><ul><li>Define
  11. 11. Example of how you’d teach to the intelligence</li></li></ul><li>Four Basic Learning Styles<br />Visual - seeing<br />Auditory - hearing<br />Kinesthetic - moving<br />Tactile – touching<br />One scenario<br />How would you teach it using each of the learning styles?<br />
  12. 12. Specific Disabilities Among Children Age 6-21<br />
  13. 13. Six Principles of Special Education<br />Six principles provide the framework of IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ), around which education services are designed and provided to students with disabilities:<br />Free appropriate public education<br />Appropriate evaluation<br />Individualized Education Program (IEP)<br />Least restrictive environment<br />Parent and student participation in decision making<br />Procedural safeguards<br />
  14. 14. Mainstreaming and Inclusion<br />Inclusion<br />Students in regular school and classroom as much as possible<br />Brings services to the child in the classroom.<br />Mainstreaming<br />Students with disabilities in general education classrooms for at least part of the day.<br />Additional classes, services as needed<br />
  15. 15. Guidelines for Teaching Students With Disabilities<br />Be open to including students with disabilities in your classroom<br />Learn each child’s limitations and potential<br />Learn instructional methods & technology that can help each child<br />Insist that needed services be provided<br />Use a variety of teaching strategies<br />Co-teach with a special education teacher<br />
  16. 16. Acceleration and Enrichment for Gifted and Talented Students<br />Enrichment<br />Go beyond regular curriculum<br />Greater depth and breadth<br />Individual or collaborative inquiry activities<br />Develop problem-solving abilities<br />Acceleration<br />Learn regular curriculum at a pace commensurate with abilities<br />Progress to advanced materials faster than age norms or grade levels<br />
  17. 17. Guidelines for Teaching Gifted and Talented Students<br />Provide teaching that allows use of the regular class as a forum for research, inquiry, and projects<br />Encourage curiosity and confidence<br />Allow exploration beyond standard curriculum<br />Differentiate instruction<br />Help students develop the skills required for self-directed learning<br />Group students of varying ability levels by interest for cooperative projects<br />Teach complex thinking processes<br />Look for alternative curriculum materials<br />Implement curriculum compacting<br />Match students with mentors<br />
  18. 18. Glasser’s Choice Theory<br />Students make choices to satisfy basic needs<br />Survival<br />Love and Belonging<br />Power<br />Freedom<br />Fun<br />Class works better if teachers plan learning activities that help satisfy, instead of frustrating, needs<br />
  19. 19. Promoting Gender Equity<br />Have high expectations for all students, boys and girls.<br />Organize classroom, technology schedules so students don’t segregate or monopolize by sex.<br />Avoid biased instructional materials.<br />Examine and address, if needed, the frequency with which students are called on and the kind of responses teachers provide.<br />Eliminate sex-stereotyped assignments & tasks.<br />Structure learning to give girls equal opportunity to participate.<br />Model sex-equitable behavior.<br />
  20. 20. Making School Safer for Students of All Orientations<br />Establish classroom guidelines against name-calling.<br />Respect different points of view.<br />Make no assumptions about students’ families or their sexual orientations.<br />Be a role model; treat all students with respect and dignity.<br />
  21. 21. Teaching Your Diverse Students<br />Seek out experiences to broaden your cultural and societal understanding.<br />Spend time with people who differ from your ethnicity, culture, or language.<br />Volunteer in schools that differ from those you attended.<br />Learn about and appreciate the values and backgrounds of your students.<br />Teach to your students’ strengths.<br />Provide a variety of educational experiences.<br />Involve students’ families. Respect values of both school and families.<br />

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